Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 8250

1 Wednesday, 9 April 2008

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 [The witness entered court]

5 --- Upon commencing at 2.18 p.m.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Good afternoon to everyone in and around the

7 courtroom.

8 Madam Registrar, would you please call the case.

9 THE REGISTRAR: Good afternoon, Your Honours, good afternoon to

10 everyone in the courtroom. This is case number IT-04-83-T, The

11 Prosecutor versus Rasim Delic.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much. Could we have appearances

13 for the day, starting with the Prosecution.

14 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President. Good afternoon, Your

15 Honours, to my colleagues on the Defence and everyone in and around the

16 courtroom. Daryl Mundis for the Prosecution, assisted by

17 Alma Imamovic-Ivanov our case manager.

18 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much and for the Defence.

19 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Good afternoon, Your Honours. Good

20 afternoon to my colleagues from the OTP, to everybody in and around the

21 courtroom. Vasvija Vidovic and Nicholas Robson for the Defence of

22 General Delic with legal assistant Lejla Gluhic.

23 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

24 Good afternoon to you, sir, Mr. Dedovic.

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Good afternoon.

Page 8251

1 JUDGE MOLOTO: May I just remind you that you are still bound by

2 the declaration you made at the beginning of your testimony yesterday to

3 tell the truth the whole truth and nothing else but the truth, okay?

4 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] All right.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

6 Yes, Mr. Mundis.

7 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.


9 [Witness answered through interpreter]

10 Cross-examination by Mr. Mundis: [Continued]

11 Q. Good afternoon, Mr. Dedovic.

12 A. Good afternoon to you too.

13 Q. Yesterday, sir, I asked you a number of questions about meetings

14 and I wanted to just touch on a few other topics concerning any meetings

15 that General Delic may have had during the time-period that you were

16 serving as his body-guard.

17 We spoke yesterday, sir, about, in particular corps commanders,

18 meetings with corps commanders and my first question is are you aware of

19 any other meetings that General Delic may have had with Main Staff

20 officers, such as Mr. Jasarevic or Mr. Arnautovic?

21 A. I did not attend such meetings. The commander did have these

22 meetings, but I did not attend them.

23 Q. And so I take it then, sir, that you're not familiar or aware

24 about what was discussed at any of those meetings between General Delic

25 and Mr. Jasarevic or Mr. Arnautovic?

Page 8252

1 A. No. Because I was not present at the meetings.

2 Q. Sir, as part of your duties or responsibilities, did you

3 personally have any contact with any officers of the ARBiH military

4 security in Sarajevo?

5 A. No, I didn't, because I belonged to General Delic's office.

6 Q. Same question, sir, with respect to any communication that you

7 may have had with military -- ARBiH military security in the forward

8 command post in Kakanj.

9 A. No, no contacts.

10 Q. What about with any ARBiH military security personnel who may

11 have been stationed at the -- in the Gloc at Visoko?

12 A. No. I did not have or maintain any contacts with members of

13 military security.

14 Q. Now, let me ask just a few questions concerning any planning or

15 preparatory steps that you needed to take as part of your duties

16 concerning the protection of General Delic.

17 When you were planning trips or making visits outside of

18 Sarajevo, did you have any meetings with any military security or

19 military intelligence people, in terms of determining threat assessments

20 against General Delic?

21 A. No. I didn't have any contacts with representatives of military

22 security or military intelligence. I was serving in the corps without

23 any contacts with the military security administration.

24 Q. Okay. I'm not sure if this perhaps was a translation error. You

25 say you were serving in the corps without any contacts? Is that what you

Page 8253

1 said, sir, or is this perhaps a translation error?

2 A. No, no I wasn't serving in the corps.

3 Q. Oh okay. Let me ask you this: Did you, prior to -- well, let me

4 just ask you in more general. During the time that you served as the

5 body-guard or escort to General Delic, were you making any assessments to

6 any security threats against his person?

7 A. Yes.

8 Q. How did you do that, sir? What did you do? Who did you consult

9 with? What type of information were you consulting?

10 A. When going -- I would go out into the field and by seeing what

11 the situation was out in the field, I would change the routes we took,

12 but I did not consult anyone, including military security administration

13 on these matters.

14 Q. So I take it, then, from your previous answer what you were doing

15 in effect was some kind of advance trips, going into the field and making

16 these independent assessments on your own. Is that what you were doing?

17 A. No, I didn't make assessments in advance of the trip, but I would

18 make my decisions as we would go out into the field.

19 Q. And you would be -- would you be travelling, sir, in the same

20 vehicle as General Delic during these trips in the field?

21 A. Yes, in the same vehicle.

22 Q. Well, can you explain to us, sir, how, if you were in the same

23 vehicle with General Delic you would be in a position to be making

24 determinations as to which routes should be taken, if you were in the

25 vehicle at the time? What type of information were you relying on to

Page 8254

1 make these assessments?

2 A. On the basis of my own assessment, and I never used the same

3 route twice.

4 Q. What did you base these assessments on?

5 A. It was for security reasons as a preventative measure.

6 Q. Okay. But let me just make sure that I understand what you told

7 us a few moments ago.

8 At any point in time during the war when you were serving as

9 General Delic's protection officer, did you receive any specific

10 information about threats to him, to his person from any outside source?

11 A. No. I never received any sort of information that would deal

12 with the -- that would be a security threat to General Delic.

13 Q. Let me turn then to another topic that you testified about at

14 length yesterday and that concerns communications.

15 I believe yesterday and I don't have, unfortunately, the full

16 paginated version. But yesterday at page 7 of the transcript, sir, you

17 told us in response to a question from Madam Vidovic that among your

18 duties or responsibilities was to announce that General Delic would be

19 visiting specific places or locations. Is that correct, sir?

20 A. Yes.

21 Q. And I take it, because of the nature of your work and the

22 position that General Delic held, that these announcements were not

23 something, as a general rule, that would be made available to the public?

24 A. Yes.

25 Q. Yes, they would be made available to the public; or no, they

Page 8255

1 would not be made available to the public?

2 A. They would not be available to the public.

3 Q. And I believe, sir, you also told us yesterday, again, this is

4 reflected on page 39 and 40 of the transcript, that during the Sarajevo

5 operation that commenced in early June 1995 and which ran until the end

6 of August 1995, General Delic was constantly at forward command posts and

7 touring various units in different corps to establish coordination among

8 those units with respect to the Sarajevo operation. Is that correct,

9 sir?

10 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, Madam Vidovic.

11 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Objection --

12 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, correct.

13 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Objection, Your Honour. The

14 witness never made such a statement. Did he not give this time-frame.

15 Quite the contrary, he described a series of trips he made with

16 General Delic in the month of July. That is why the Prosecutor should

17 specify the time-frame the question refers to. Otherwise, the question

18 as put is confusing.

19 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic, the Prosecutor has specified a

20 time, early June 1995 to August 1995, and if he is misstated, I'm sure

21 the witness can correct him.


23 Q. Let me just ask a couple of other questions just so that we're

24 all clear we're talking about the same thing.

25 Can you tell us, Mr. Dedovic, in the period from June through

Page 8256

1 August 1995 what was happening with respect to operations concerning

2 Sarajevo?

3 A. The period between June and end of August; is that the one you're

4 referring to?

5 Q. Yes, sir. And in 1995.

6 A. In the month of June, the Sarajevo operation commenced. The

7 commander was engaged throughout the time on the Sarajevo theatre of war.

8 In the month of July, to be precise on the 11th of July, Srebrenica fell

9 or rather the Srebrenica enclave did. As far as his engagement went, of

10 course he was busy on that score.

11 Next -- or, rather, we were in the area of Tuzla and Kladanj

12 until the 19th when we went to Split where a conference was held known as

13 the Split declaration. At the end of August, we went on the trip to

14 Iran -- or, rather, at the end of July we made that trip.

15 Q. And, sir, when you say, We were in the area of Tuzla and Kladanj

16 until the 19th; do you recall which month and year you were talking about

17 when you made the reference to Tuzla and Kladanj and the 19th?

18 A. The month of July. From the 17th to the 19th of July, 1995,

19 that's what I was referring to.

20 Q. And during this period, again from June through August 1995,

21 based on what you've told us, would it be fair to say General Delic had a

22 rather extensive travel schedule?

23 A. Yes. He was rather busy.

24 Q. And, again, sir, because of the nature of General Delic's

25 position, I take it that his travel during that time-period would have

Page 8257

1 been something that you would have wanted to keep secret?

2 A. Well, it wasn't just me who wanted to keep it secret. It was

3 probably also the Presidency deciding about the travel and the trips.

4 Q. Well, regardless, sir, of who -- upon whose initiative it was, it

5 was certainly the case that General Delic's travel schedule and travel

6 plans was not something that you would want to be revealed to the public

7 for fear that the enemy would know where he was and when. Would you

8 agree with that, sir?

9 A. Yes. His personal security and safety would be threatened in

10 that case.

11 Q. Now, yesterday, Mr. Dedovic, you told us about the telephone

12 systems and how those were unreliable as a form of communication during

13 the war. Is that right?

14 A. Yes. The communication system was very poor and highly

15 unreliable.

16 Q. Can you tell us then, sir, how it is that you coordinated or made

17 the announcements necessary for General Delic's travel schedule in the

18 period from June through August 1995?

19 A. Since in that time-period we were out in the field, there was no

20 need for me to make any announcements. It was on the commander's

21 discretion that we went to the various areas where combat activities were

22 taking place.

23 Q. So, sir, during this time-period what you're telling us then is

24 that General Delic would just decide tomorrow we go to Tuzla or Kladanj

25 and you just go there, without any of these announcements being made in

Page 8258

1 advance?

2 A. The General did not make such decisions in advance. If we

3 happened to at Proskok he and -- he would say, Let's go into the

4 direction of the AOR of the 2nd Corps. We didn't have reliable

5 communication system that would allow us to make such announcements at

6 that point in time.

7 Q. And just so we're clear then, sir, is it your testimony that in

8 the period from June through August 1995, during this period of extensive

9 travel by General Delic, that none of those plans were announced by you?

10 You simply went from one place to another during that time-period,

11 wherever General Delic decided to go?

12 A. Yes. I would be travelling with the General wherever he wanted

13 to go without making any announcements.

14 Q. I take it though that the trip to Split during this time-period

15 would have been something that wasn't just decided at the last minute by

16 General Delic. There would have been some kind of planning and

17 announcements and communications concerning that trip, would there not?

18 A. No, I don't know about the plans for that trip. I know that we

19 had five minutes to get ready for that trip, and we were -- we had a

20 change of clothes in the vehicle as we were travelling.

21 Q. Can you tell us, sir, whether there were any plans in place or

22 security teams, additional security teams that would be present at these

23 locations where General Delic visited to protect him and to supplement

24 the protection that you and Admir Delic could give the General?

25 A. At the forward command posts, there was security in place that

Page 8259

1 secured the said locations.

2 Q. But you weren't able to communicate with those forward command

3 posts and tell them that you and General Delic were coming. Is that your

4 testimony?

5 A. Yes. Because I did not have the authority to issue orders to

6 these members of the army.

7 Q. Can you tell us, sir -- well, let me ask you a different

8 question.

9 Yesterday, and this is reflected on page 8202 of the transcript

10 at lines 17 through 19, in reference to the operations again in the

11 summer of 1995 concerning Sarajevo, you said the commander was directly

12 involved in combat actions. The commander was directly involved in

13 combat actions.

14 Do you remember saying that, sir?

15 A. The commander was present in some of -- in some parts of the

16 battlefield while combat activities were ongoing.

17 Q. Well, that's my next question. What do you mean when you say he

18 was directly involved in combat actions? What do you mean by that,

19 "directly involved"?

20 A. The commander directly commanded and controlled the Sarajevo

21 operation.

22 Q. Were there any other operations that the commander directly

23 commanded and controlled during the war; or was there the only operation,

24 to your knowledge?

25 A. To my knowledge, that was the only operation that the commander

Page 8260

1 commanded and controlled personally.

2 Q. Well, sir, if during this period when this operation was going on

3 General Delic was travelling in Tuzla and Kladanj and Split and Iran, how

4 is it possible that he directly commanded and controlled the Sarajevo

5 operation?

6 A. In his absence, within the control and command system, he had his

7 deputies, Chiefs of Staff, who assumed that responsibility.

8 Q. But you're telling us, sir, in that time-period there was not an

9 ability or not a means by which General Delic could communicate with

10 these deputies and Chiefs of Staff?

11 A. They were able to meet up directly out in the field.

12 Q. Can you give us an example, sir, of one of these meetings out in

13 the field? A time and a place perhaps?

14 A. I don't know. I don't remember these meetings out in the field,

15 because the commander was constantly touring the field.

16 THE INTERPRETER: Can the witness please repeat the last

17 sentence.


19 Q. Sir, have you been asked by the interpreter to repeat the last

20 sentence of your answer, if you could, please. They didn't hear you.

21 A. The commander was not holding meetings because he was busy

22 touring the territory where combat activities were taking place.

23 Q. I'm a bit confused because a moment ago, as reflected on lines 8

24 through 11 of this page, you told us in response to my question they were

25 able to meet up directly out in the field. And now you've just told us

Page 8261

1 the commander was not holding meetings because he was busy touring the

2 territory where combat activities were taking place.

3 And so my question to you, sir, is if General Delic was busy

4 travelling or touring the locations of the combat activities, how was he

5 able to have communication with the people who were commanding and

6 controlling the Sarajevo operation?

7 A. Directly in the field by touring all the sections where combat

8 actions were being carried out, he had to see for himself what the

9 situation was in the field.

10 Q. And, again, Mr. Dedovic, can you please give us some examples of

11 locations that you're referring to that were in the field. Again, during

12 the Sarajevo operation, during that period in the summer of 1995.

13 A. Yes, I can. Proskok, Visocica, Orahovo, Nisici plateau.

14 Q. Can you tell us, sir, if during the time period around the 19th

15 of July, 1995, when you have told us that the commander was in the areas

16 of Tuzla and Kladanj, was he still able to command and control the

17 Sarajevo operation during that time?

18 A. Because he was away from the Sarajevo front, somebody would take

19 over those duties. One of his subordinates.

20 Q. Well, was General Delic able to communicate with these

21 subordinates during this big operation while he was away from the

22 Sarajevo front?

23 A. I don't know, because he did not set up this communication

24 through me.

25 Q. Okay. I take it then from that answer it's possible he was in

Page 8262

1 communications with his subordinates at the Sarajevo front but simply you

2 weren't aware of that?

3 A. I don't know, because when we were out in the field, we didn't

4 have a reliable means of communication. We didn't have portable phones

5 for him to maintain the system of communications. As to if -- to whether

6 he did maintain communication with them or not, I don't know.

7 Q. Now, sir, during these times let's just go back to these

8 locations that you mentioned: Proskok, Visocica, Orahovo and the Nisici

9 plateau. At the time in the summer of 1995 that you and General Delic

10 were touring these locations were those places close to the front lines

11 and was there active fighting going on at the time you were in those

12 locations in the summer of 1995?

13 A. Yes. There was active fighting going on. These were active

14 sections of the front where combat actions were continuously going on.

15 Q. And when you visited these four locations in the summer of 1995

16 while this active fighting was going on, did you provide any advance

17 communication or advance notice to any of the ARBiH units at these

18 locations that you and General Delic would be coming?

19 A. No, I never informed any members of the armija that the General

20 would be coming to any of those locations.

21 Q. So if I understand you correctly then, Mr. Dedovic, you and

22 General Delic drove into an area where there was active fighting going on

23 without any advance notice to your own forces that you would be coming.

24 Is that right?

25 A. Yes, that is correct.

Page 8263

1 Q. I'm not a security professional, sir, but it would seem to me

2 that you would be putting your life and General Delic's life in danger by

3 simply driving into an area where there were active combat actions going

4 on, if only out of concern for being attacked by your own forces. Wasn't

5 that a concern of yours?

6 A. We were not worried, because we were coming from our territory.

7 As for that security aspect, we could have been killed in front of the

8 Presidency building too, as far as that security aspect is.

9 Q. But you didn't have any special concerns about being accidently

10 targeted as friendly fire by ARBiH forces during this time-period in the

11 summer of 1995?

12 A. No, we could not have become a target at all.

13 Q. Okay. Let me turn to a different subject.

14 Yesterday, sir, you told us that General Delic was only rarely, I

15 believe was the word used, rarely in Kakanj during the war. Is that

16 correct?

17 A. Yes, that is correct.

18 Q. During the war General Delic maintained a home or a residence in

19 Visoko, did he not?

20 A. He did, but he was rarely there, because most of the time we

21 spent actually touring the territory. We were not in one place for long.

22 Q. And Visoko is approximately how far from Kakanj?

23 A. About 20 to 25 kilometres, I think. Taking the motor way.

24 Q. And at any point during the war was the motor way between Visoko

25 and Kakanj in enemy hands.

Page 8264

1 A. It was possible that it could be hit by artillery fire from the

2 Kiseljak direction.

3 Q. True. But that wasn't the question. My question, sir, was

4 whether at any point during the war that motorway was actually in enemy

5 hands?

6 A. I know that as of 1993 it was not in the hands until the end of

7 the war, but before 1992, I am not familiar with the situation in that

8 section of the territory.

9 Q. Okay. But certainly during the time-period in the war when

10 General Delic was the Main Staff commander the road linking the forward

11 command post or the command post in Kakanj and General Delic's residence

12 in Visoko, that road was held by BH army forces?

13 A. That is correct, yes.

14 Q. Now, Mr. Dedovic, during these time-periods when you and

15 General Delic were travelling abroad -- I'm going to ask you some

16 questions about these places that you went to when you were travelling

17 outside of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

18 Let's start with the times you were in Croatia whether it was

19 Split or Zagreb or anywhere else. During those periods when you were in

20 Zagreb or in Split or in Croatia where did you stay? Did you stay in

21 hotels or private residences or where did you stay?

22 A. At hotels. In Split, we were at the Villa Dalmatija. That is

23 where we were staying. It's a hotel compound.

24 Q. And do you recall where we were staying in Zagreb when you

25 travelled to Zagreb?

Page 8265

1 A. It was a hotel. I don't know exactly which hotel it was. I

2 don't know the name, but it was a hotel.

3 Q. And when you and General Delic were staying at these hotels in

4 Split or Zagreb, did you stay in the same room or did you have separate

5 hotel rooms?

6 A. Separate hotel rooms, but my room was always in the immediate

7 vicinity of the General's room.

8 Q. What about the trip that you made to the Islamic Republic of Iran

9 in the summer of 1995. Where did you stay when you were in Iran?

10 A. In hotels also.

11 Q. And during that stay, sir, did you also say in separate hotel

12 rooms that were in the close proximity to each other?

13 A. Yes. Very close, yes.

14 Q. Let me ask you a couple of questions about this trip to Iran.

15 Do you recall, sir, or did you have any discussions with

16 General Delic about why you were going to Iran?

17 A. No. I didn't talk to General Delic about why we were going to

18 Iran.

19 Q. And coming -- I assume you flew to Iran. Is that right?

20 A. Yes, we took the plane.

21 Q. And do you remember, sir, on that trip to Iran where you flew

22 from, where you departed from, going to Iran?

23 A. From the Pula airport.

24 Q. And you flew back to Pula as well?

25 A. Yes. I think that we also landed at Pula airport.

Page 8266

1 Q. And on the aeroplane, I'm just curious, did you sit next to the

2 General during those flights to and from Iran?

3 A. In the immediate vicinity of the General. In front of him or

4 behind him, but in the immediate vicinity, yes.

5 Q. And coming back from Iran, did you have any discussions or did he

6 say anything to you about what was discussed during his meetings in Iran?

7 A. No. The General did not comment with me about what was going on

8 in or what -- what had been going on in or what happened in Iran.

9 Q. Okay. And so just we're clear then during the time you were

10 going to Iran and on the way coming back from Iran you didn't have any

11 discussions with General Delic as to why you were going or what had

12 happened or whether it had been successful or what was discussed in any

13 of the meetings?

14 A. No. I never had such conversation with the General, me asking

15 what had happened at a meeting or anything like that.

16 Q. Okay. Well, I wasn't just referring to you asking. I was also

17 referring to perhaps General Delic perhaps would have made a comment to

18 you. The meetings were successful, or we talked about this. Or anything

19 along those lines. Without you asking, I'm just wondering if he

20 volunteered any information, any small talk or any conversation about

21 what was discussed or why you were going.

22 A. No, I found out what it was all about only when this was

23 published by the newspapers when it was broadcast on television about

24 what happened during General Delic's trip.

25 Q. What did you hear, sir, about this trip from the media, the

Page 8267

1 newspapers or the television?

2 A. That it was a visit that had to do with aid to Bosnia and

3 Herzegovina.

4 Q. Do you remember what kind of aid?

5 A. I don't know exactly, but some kind of assistance was planned. I

6 don't know what kind of assistance though.

7 Q. Let me just ask you then, sir, a few questions about the trip to

8 Malaysia that you made with General Delic in the late summer/early autumn

9 of 1995.

10 When you flew to Kuala Lumpur, where did you fly from? What

11 airport did you fly from?

12 A. I think that we left from Zagreb.

13 Q. And you returned also to Zagreb, to the Zagreb airport, from

14 Kuala Lumpur?

15 A. Yes, we landed at Zagreb airport.

16 Q. And during the time-period, sir, that you were in Kuala Lumpur, I

17 think yesterday us you were staying at a hotel. And my question to is

18 the same as earlier. Were you and General Delic in the same hotel room

19 or were you in separate hotel rooms that were in the close or immediate

20 vicinity to one another?

21 A. We were in separate rooms.

22 Q. And, sir, either on the way to Kuala Lumpur or on the way back

23 did you have any, again, discussions or conversations with General Delic

24 about the purpose of that trip or the results of any meetings that he

25 attended while he was in Kuala Lumpur?

Page 8268

1 A. No, I didn't speak to him about that.

2 Q. During the time that you were in Kuala Lumpur, I know you -- you

3 spoke yesterday about telephone conversations. Do you know if

4 General Delic had any telephone conversations in his hotel room while you

5 were in Kuala Lumpur?

6 A. From what I know, he did not have any telephone conversations.

7 Q. So you don't know if he called his wife or his family or anyone

8 like that, any of his personal acquaintances while he was in Kuala

9 Lumpur?

10 A. No, because those contacts would have been made through me.

11 JUDGE MOLOTO: Can we just hold it.

12 [Technical difficulty]

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: You may proceed, Mr. Mundis.

14 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you.

15 Q. Sir, you know you have already answered but we had some problems

16 with the transcript so I'm going to ask the question again and ask you to

17 answer it again, so it is on the record.

18 My question was while you were in Kuala Lumpur were you aware of

19 any phone conversations General Delic may have had with his wife or his

20 family or any of his personal acquaintances?

21 A. From what I know, General Delic did not conduct that kind of

22 conversation, no.

23 Q. I'd now like to turn to a different topic, sir. I'm going to be

24 discussing with you different dates and places where General Delic was

25 during the period from roughly the end of July until the end of

Page 8269

1 September 1995.

2 Sir, do you recall being in Kakanj with General Delic on the 29th

3 of July, 1995?

4 A. No, I don't remember that date.

5 MR. MUNDIS: I would ask that the witness be shown PT2352. And

6 if we could start actually by going to page 12 in the Bosnian. We can

7 stay on the first page in English. We can go to page 12, the last page

8 in the Bosnian. Sorry, it should be page 14. I think there's a

9 pagination error in the original. The last page of the document.

10 Q. Sir, do you see the signature at the bottom of this document?

11 A. Yes.

12 Q. That's General Delic's signature, is it not?

13 A. I don't know. Would you need to consult an expert, handwriting

14 expert. I'm not really qualified to say if that is General Delic's

15 signature or not.

16 Q. Sir, did you ever see General Delic's signature during the course

17 of the war?

18 A. Again, I am saying this signature doesn't mean anything to me.

19 I'm not qualified to decide whether this is General Delic's signature or

20 not. I cannot assert that.

21 Q. I understand that. That wasn't my question --

22 A. I'm not familiar with it.

23 Q. Your testimony, sir -- you were the body-guard or an escort for

24 General Delic for, I believe, you said seven years, from June of 1993

25 until he retired from the army in 2000. So for seven years you were this

Page 8270

1 man's escort and body-guard and you never once saw his signature, you're

2 not familiar with his signature?

3 A. No, I don't know this signature.

4 Q. Okay. Did you ever get performance evaluations or anything like

5 that from General Delic during the time that you were in the army?

6 A. No, I didn't get any assessments relating to my work performance.

7 Q. Let's go back then to the first page of this document in the

8 Bosnian.

9 Sir, do you see on the upper left part of this document where it

10 describes what this document is about? Do you see that on the document?

11 A. I don't know. Possibly this is some kind of a consultation. I

12 don't know.

13 Q. Well, the subject line of this document says: "Conclusions and

14 tasks stemming from the meeting held between the core members of the

15 General Staff of the RBiH army and the corps commanders in Kakanj on 29

16 July 1995."

17 Do you see that, sir?

18 A. Yes, I do.

19 Q. And I put to you, Mr. Dedovic, that this document is signed by

20 General Delic and refers to a meeting, it is a lengthy document; it is

21 more than ten pages long. It refers to a meeting that General Delic held

22 in Kakanj on the 29th of July 1995.

23 A. That is your assertion. You can assert whatever you like. I'm

24 not going to go into your assertions.

25 Q. In late July 1995 and specifically on the 29th of July, 1995,

Page 8271

1 sir, were you with General Delic?

2 A. Yes, probably. It is probably some kind of consultative meeting

3 or something and that it lasted for a couple of hours. I was probably

4 there. Definitely I was there.

5 Q. And during such a consultative meeting that lasted for, as you

6 put it a couple of hours, it very well may have lasted long than that,

7 because it is a very lengthy document what would you have been doing?

8 Would you have been in the room or outside the room?

9 A. As I have been saying so far, I never attended any meetings,

10 consultations or anything, any kind of meetings. I would always be in

11 front of the room.

12 Q. And is it your testimony, sir, that you were in Kakanj with

13 General Delic on the 29th of July, 1995 or not, or do you simply not

14 remember?

15 A. I cannot recall it by that date, but I must have been there. I

16 mean, if it was held, then we must have been there.

17 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honour, we ask that this document be marked for

18 identification and I will move on.

19 JUDGE MOLOTO: Document PT2325 is marked for identification. May

20 it please be given an exhibit number.

21 THE REGISTRAR: The document will become Exhibit number 1365,

22 marked for identification.

23 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

24 THE REGISTRAR: 1365, Your Honours.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

Page 8272

1 Yes, Madam Vidovic.

2 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, I apologise. Perhaps

3 we can check this. I am almost sure that this document has already been

4 admitted. Maybe it was tendered through the -- from the bar table, but

5 this is maybe something we should check.

6 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

7 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Registrar assures us that it has not been

8 admitted, and we will take her word for it.


10 Q. Now, Mr. Dedovic, on either the 1st or 2nd of August, 1995, were

11 you with General Delic in Zavidovici?

12 A. Yes.

13 Q. How long were you in Zavidovici on that day, sir?

14 A. I don't know exactly how long, but we were there for a couple of

15 hours.

16 Q. Where did you go in Zavidovici on that day, sir?

17 A. I don't know specifically what you mean, where did we go in

18 Zavidovici. The question is not clear to me.

19 Q. Okay. Well, let me put it a different way.

20 Sir, did you visit the headquarters or the command of the 35th

21 Division of the 3rd Corps in Zavidovici on the 1st or 2nd of August,

22 1995?

23 A. I don't know exactly which unit it was, but we were visiting one

24 unit. I don't know exactly which unit it was though.

25 Q. Do you know, were there -- other than General Delic, were there

Page 8273

1 any other senior officials who were present in Zavidovici on that day at

2 this unit that you visited?

3 A. Yes. President Izetbegovic.

4 MR. MUNDIS: I ask the witness be shown P02358. And if we could

5 please go to page 2 in the Bosnian and page 4 in the English.

6 Q. Sir, in the middle of page do you see paragraph number 3. It

7 talks about combat morale?

8 A. Yes.

9 Q. Section 3. The second paragraph under section 3 refers to

10 President Izetbegovic, General Delic, 3rd Corps Commander Mahmuljin,

11 visiting the command of the 35th army division.

12 Do you see that, sir?

13 A. 35th Division ...

14 MR. MUNDIS: Can we please go back to the first page of this

15 document in both the Bosnian and English languages, please.

16 Q. Do you see the date of this document, sir?

17 A. The 2nd of August, 1995.

18 Q. And, sir, does this document seem to refer to the meeting that I

19 just asked you about, in Zavidovici on or about 1 or 2 August 1995?

20 A. Yes. The General's visit to the 35th Division with

21 President Izetbegovic and General Mahmuljin.

22 MR. MUNDIS: We would ask that P02538 be admitted into evidence.

23 JUDGE MOLOTO: The document is admitted into evidence. May it

24 please be given an exhibit number.

25 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honour, the document will become Exhibit

Page 8274

1 number 1366.

2 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.


4 Q. Mr. Dedovic, to the best of your recollection, sir, when you and

5 General Delic returned from Kuala Lumpur and flew into the international

6 airport in Zagreb, what was the date of that return to Zagreb? When did

7 you arrive in Zagreb?

8 A. I think it was on the 17th of September. Yes, 17 September.

9 Q. Are you certain of that date, sir, that it was the 17th or is it

10 possible that it was on the 16th?

11 A. No, it could not have been on the 16th, because the conference in

12 Kuala Lumpur finished on the 16th. And even if we had departed

13 immediately after the close of the conference, still, it would have taken

14 13 hours and we would have arrived on the 17th.

15 MR. MUNDIS: I'd ask that the witness be shown PT 6288?

16 Q. Now, Mr. Dedovic, this is a BBC, British Broadcasting

17 Corporation, news article and if you see, sir, in approximately the

18 middle of the page in Bosnian, this news report indicates that the BBC's

19 Zagreb correspondent Nada al Isa asked General Delic for his assessment

20 of the situation and that that correspondent asked that question on the

21 16th of September?

22 A. I'm not aware of any meeting involving Nada al Isa. I'm not

23 familiar with that individual or with that conversation taking place on

24 -- that's the 16th, the date.

25 Q. That's what the report seems to indicate, sir, that on the 16th

Page 8275

1 of September, 1995 the BBC's Zagreb correspondent asked General Delic for

2 his assessment of the situation, and it makes reference to General Delic

3 having attended the OIC ministerial meeting in Kuala Lumpur and goes on

4 to say: "But the interview given to our correspondent was conducted in

5 Zagreb."

6 And I repeat my question whether it is not possible that you were

7 mistaken and that you were already in Zagreb on the 16th of September,

8 1995?

9 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, Madam Vidovic.

10 Sorry, sir. Just hold on.

11 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Objection, Your Honour. The

12 Prosecutor interpreted or, rather, misinterpreted the document. The

13 document does not state anywhere. It is stated that the correspondent

14 from Zagreb spoke to him, but it does not state that the interview was

15 made in Zagreb. Quite the contrary, if you look at the source it's radio

16 Bosnia and Herzegovina. That's quite a different matter. And you will

17 recall the witness's evidence yesterday that a radio correspondent was

18 with them down there, so I don't want the witness to be referred to a

19 misstatement.

20 JUDGE MOLOTO: Mr. Mundis.

21 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honours, the English document is very clear it

22 is the second paragraph, I'm happy to read it, it indicates the interview

23 given to our correspondent was conducted in Zagreb. That's what the

24 document says.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: I can see that, and do you have anything to say

Page 8276

1 about what Madam Vidovic is saying regarding that headline F source radio

2 Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sarajevo, in Serbo-Croat, 1.00 GMT, 16 September,

3 1995.

4 MR. MUNDIS: The only comment I could make is obviously the BBC

5 monitors a number of foreign broadcast services, and it seems from the

6 face of the document that the BBC is reporting from the information that

7 it got there radio Bosnia-Herzegovina at the time and date indicated on

8 the BBC report.

9 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic, can I just understand it is what

10 you're objecting to. This paragraph that Mr. Mundis is referring the

11 witness to starts off by saying:

12 "Our Zagreb correspondent, Nada al Isa today, (16 September)

13 asked army General Rasim Delic, commander of the Bosnian army, for his

14 assessment of the success of Bosnian army and Croat Defence council units

15 over the past few days. General Delic attended the OIC, organisation of

16 the Islamic conference ministerial meeting in Kuala Lumpur, but the

17 interview given to our correspondent was conducted in Zagreb."

18 Is there no such thing in the Bosnian version, because we can't

19 read the Bosnian. We can only go with what we see in the English.

20 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, I apologise, I didn't

21 notice that part of the text, and I apologise.

22 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you.

23 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] I didn't observe that bit.

24 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much, Madam Vidovic. Okay.

25 JUDGE LATTANZI: [Interpretation] Witness, would it be possible

Page 8277

1 that you may have left on the 16th and you would arrived on the 16th

2 also, since there was a difference in time, you said seven hours.

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] We definitely were not in Zagreb on

4 the 16th.

5 JUDGE LATTANZI: [Interpretation] Do you remember at what time you

6 left from Kuala Lumpur? On the 16th, you said, on the 16th. At what

7 time did you leave? Was in the afternoon, was it the evening, was it the

8 end of the morning; do you remember?

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It was late in the evening that we

10 left, and we could not have arrived in Zagreb on the 16th.

11 JUDGE LATTANZI: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: Let me just ask you one little thing.

13 Are you aware that when you travel from the east to the west

14 there is this thing that they call -- you gain time? You may be in the

15 air for 13 hours, but when you get to your destination, depending on how

16 far it is from where you moved from, it may not be -- it may still be the

17 day before the day you left. The concept of gaining time?

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes. That is what the phenomenon

19 is, in fact, but we were not in Zagreb on the 16th.

20 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

21 Mr. Mundis.

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you.

23 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honours, the Prosecution tenders this is

24 document as it goes to the credibility of the witness.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: The document is admitted into evidence. May it

Page 8278

1 please be given an exhibit number.

2 Yes, Madam Vidovic.

3 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, the document will become Exhibit

4 number 1367.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

6 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honour --

7 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, Madam Vidovic.

8 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, the document is

9 already been assigned a number, and I did not have the opportunity to

10 react. Therefore, I want to state the following: I oppose the admission

11 of this document along the same principle whereby a document which the

12 Defence used to challenge the credibility of Witness Zilkic and there

13 were definitely many more elements in favour of admitting that document,

14 the document had not been admitted. I don't see that we are now in the

15 same situation when it comes to the documents proposed by either the

16 Defence or the Prosecution, the purpose of which is to challenge the

17 credibility of witnesses.

18 JUDGE MOLOTO: Well, Madam Vidovic, I am speaking for myself in

19 the unfortunate position of just having no recollection of the documents

20 submitted through Zilkic. I would prefer you, rather than refer me to

21 another document to put the basis of your objection for admission of this

22 document, just put your arguments and if -- if they are the same as the

23 Zilkic arguments, just repeat those arguments.

24 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, the witness stated

25 that the document was not accurate. But he is not familiar with the

Page 8279

1 journalist, al Isa. He stated that he didn't know whether General Delic

2 in fact had this interview, and the witness in fact did not either

3 identify the document or confirm it. Likewise, I don't see how the

4 witness's credibility can be challenged on the basis of such a document.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Mr. Mundis.

6 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honour, my recollection is that the document

7 that my learned colleague tried to show to and have admitted through the

8 Witness Zilkic was being tendered both for purposes of impeaching the

9 witness but also for the truth of the matter contained in the document.

10 All I can indicate at this point in time is clearly we have one document

11 that purports to be reflecting an interview that was given certainly on

12 the face of the document on the 16th of September, 1995 at some point

13 prior to 1300 GMT. The witness had said they were not present at that

14 point in time. We simply indicate that this is something that goes to

15 the credibility of the witness on that limited point.

16 JUDGE MOLOTO: Once again, Mr. Mundis, you're going back to the

17 Zilkic. Anyway, you told us what was said in the Zilkic matter.

18 Yes, Madam Vidovic.

19 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, let me state for the

20 record, that when it came to witness Zilkic I was referring to MFI 814.

21 But let me respond to my colleague Mr. Mundis when it comes to

22 his arguments in relation to this document.

23 First of all, this text is unsigned, unauthorised, and was

24 carried --or by a news agency. First we have the radio

25 Bosnia-Herzegovina mentioned and then this correspondent al Isa from

Page 8280

1 Zagreb. The text was not authorised and its contents were fully refuted

2 by the witness, which I believe are reasons enough for never allowing

3 this document to be admitted into evidence.

4 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honours, these matters all go to weight and not

5 admissibility in our respectful submission.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: In my respectful submission, this is way beyond

7 the time for taking the break. We'll come back and deal with this matter

8 when we come back at 4.00.

9 Court adjourned.

10 --- Recess taken at 3.34 p.m.

11 --- On resuming at 4.05 p.m.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: The Chamber apologises for coming in late. We had

13 to be considering the issue at hand just before we left.

14 We've sort of looked at the transcript relating to the Zilkic

15 document, and on a cursory reading of the two points it doesn't look

16 like -- it is not apparent to the Chamber what the difference is. For

17 that reason, this document will only be marked for identification.

18 May it please be given an exhibit number.

19 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honour, Exhibit 1367 will be exhibit marked

20 for identification.

21 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

22 Yes, Mr. Mundis.

23 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President. I'd ask the witness be

24 shown P06287, P06287.

25 Q. Again, Mr. Dedovic, this document is from the French news agency

Page 8281

1 AFP dated 16 September 1995, and I draw your attention to the third

2 paragraph where again there is reference to General Delic going on

3 national radio. And I'm wondering, sir, if you're in a position to

4 comment as to this news article concerning a national radio broadcast on

5 the 16th of September, 1995?

6 A. I cannot comment on this because I never heard this statement by

7 General Delic.

8 Q. And would General Delic have been in a position to make a

9 national radio broadcast on the 16th of September, 1995?

10 A. No. He could not have appeared on national radio on the 16th of

11 September.

12 Q. And, again, I take it, sir, that that's because it's your

13 testimony that he was still in Kuala Lumpur on the 16th of September.

14 A. Yes, precisely.

15 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honours, I'd ask this document also be marked

16 for identification, please.

17 JUDGE MOLOTO: The document is marked for identification, may it

18 please be given an exhibit number.

19 Exhibit -- the document will become Exhibit 1368, marked for

20 identification.


22 Q. Mr. Dedovic, turning to the period after you and General Delic

23 returned from Malaysia, can you tell us, please, whether during the month

24 of September 1995, after the trip from Malaysia, you and General Delic

25 were in the area around Vozuca?

Page 8282

1 A. In late September, we were in the broader Vozuca area in the area

2 of responsibility of the 2nd Corps, but not in Vozuca itself.

3 Q. That's why I ask, sir, in the area around Vozuca. Do you recall

4 the date that you were in Vozuca, in the area around Vozuca or greater

5 Vozuca in September 1995?

6 A. I think in late September 1995.

7 MR. MUNDIS: I'd ask that the witness now be shown P06286,

8 P06286.

9 Q. Mr. Dedovic, this document, if you can look at the very bottom of

10 the document in Bosnian, seems to be a publication of the 35th Division

11 of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Do you see that, sir, at the very

12 bottom of this article?

13 A. Yes, it does say the 35th Division of the land forces.

14 Q. I would draw your attention if we could please go in the Bosnian

15 to the bottom right-hand corner where it says: "Epilogue," and that

16 would be perfect.

17 And now if we could go to bottom of page 3 in the English version

18 and continuing to the top of page 4 in the English version, so if can he

19 can start with the top.

20 Sir, I'd ask you to take a look at the part of the article, this

21 paragraph entitled epilogue. I'd ask you to read that to yourself,

22 please.

23 JUDGE MOLOTO: Can we turn the page in the English, please.


25 Q. Do you see, sir, reference to the visit of

Page 8283

1 President Alija Izetbegovic to Vozuca in September 1995, in this article?

2 A. In the article it says that two days later the President of the

3 Presidency, Alija Izetbegovic would also arrive in Vozuca.

4 Q. And, sir, were you aware of the fact that President Izetbegovic

5 had gone to Vozuca in September 1995? Did you personally know that?

6 A. No, I personally didn't know that.

7 Q. But towards the end of this article it indicate ago few days

8 later the commander of the glorious army would come as well. Do you see

9 that, sir?

10 A. Yes, I see that part of the text.

11 Q. The reference to the commander of the glorious army, does that

12 refer to General Delic?

13 A. I see here that this is an assumption that the commander of the

14 glorious army would come.

15 Q. You told us, sir, that you recall going to September -- going to

16 Vozuca with General Delic or the greater Vozuca area at the end of

17 September. Is that correct?

18 A. Vozuca is a very large sector. We were never in Vozuca itself.

19 Q. Do you recall, sir, what specific area or areas within this

20 Vozuca sector you and General Delic visited?

21 A. We were in the area of responsibility of the 2nd Corps. These

22 are parts of Ozren towards Petrovo Selo.

23 MR. MUNDIS: Your Honours, we'd ask that this document be

24 admitted into evidence.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, Madam Vidovic.

Page 8284

1 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, I object to the

2 admission of this document. I believe that the Prosecutor has not

3 established a sufficient basis for the admission of this document. The

4 witness did not identify the document in any other way -- in any way. He

5 said that he doesn't know that President Izetbegovic was there. He said

6 that it was an assumption that the commander of the army would arrive,

7 and he did not confirm anything from the document, and there is no link

8 between the witness and the document.

9 JUDGE MOLOTO: Mr. Mundis.

10 MR. MUNDIS: I believe the witness testified that he and

11 General Delic went to the greater Vozuca area in September 1995 and

12 certainly a number of the issues raised by my learned colleague from the

13 Defence would go to the issue of any weight that the Trial Chamber may

14 decide to give to this document and not necessarily go to the issue of

15 admissibility of the document.

16 [Trial Chamber confers]

17 JUDGE MOLOTO: The document will be marked for identification.

18 May it please be given an exhibit number.

19 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, the document will be become Exhibit

20 number 1369, marked for identification.

21 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.


23 Q. Now, Mr. Dedovic, this visit to the greater Vozuca area in

24 September 1995 that you made, do you know if that was in the area around

25 Maglaj?

Page 8285

1 A. These are parts of the Ozren mountain. These are actually on the

2 other side completely.

3 Q. When you say these are parts of the Ozren mountain. What do you

4 mean by "these are parts of the Ozren mountain"?

5 A. The area where we were staying, that region of Petrovo Selo

6 belongs to the area of responsibility of the 2nd Corps. The Maglaj

7 theatre of war belongs to the 3rd Corps area of responsibility. We did

8 not spend time there.

9 Q. Okay. Now, let me turn to a different subject with you,

10 Mr. Dedovic.

11 Are you familiar with or have you ever heard of a publication

12 called Prva Linija?

13 A. Prva Linija are you thinking of the weekly or the daily paper?

14 Q. Exactly. That's exactly what I'm thinking of, sir. Are you

15 familiar with that publication?

16 A. It's an army newspaper Prva Linija, yes.

17 Q. And what do you mean, sir, by an army newspaper? Can you tell us

18 what you mean by an army newspaper?

19 A. It's a newspaper that mostly covered the events in the army.

20 Q. Okay. And who -- do you know who was the publisher or who was

21 responsible for the publication of this journal?

22 A. I don't know, really. I don't know who the publisher was and who

23 was responsible.

24 Q. Okay. Sir, at any point in time when you --

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: Sorry. I just want to get clarity.

Page 8286

1 Sir, when you say that it's a newspaper that mostly covered the

2 events in the army, which army do you refer to?

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] From what I can recall, actually,

4 my best recollection comes in the post-war period. It's a paper of or

5 was a paper of the army of the Federation.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Which Federation, sir?

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The Federation of Bosnia and

8 Herzegovina.

9 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. And the army of the Federation, is it

10 something distinct from the army of Bosnia-Herzegovina?

11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes. I emphasised that my

12 recollection of that newspaper is from the post-war period. During the

13 war, I didn't have the opportunity to read the paper. I wasn't receiving

14 it.

15 JUDGE MOLOTO: I understand that, sir, but would you please

16 answer my question. My question is, is the army of the Federation of

17 Bosnia a distinct institution from the army of Bosnia-Herzegovina?

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your question is not clear to me.

19 Please, could you explain it a little more.

20 JUDGE MOLOTO: You said this document from your recollection is a

21 document of the army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the

22 Federation. I'm asking you: Is the army of the Federation of Bosnia and

23 Herzegovina a different institution or is it the same institution as the

24 army of Bosnia-Herzegovina that was led by General Delic.

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The army of Bosnia-Herzegovina is

Page 8287

1 separate. After the peace agreement, a Joint Command was established and

2 that was the joint army of the Bosnia and Herzegovina, so it would be

3 the -- the joint army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the

4 army of Republika Srpska.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

6 Yes, Mr. Mundis.

7 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you.

8 Q. Mr. Dedovic, let me just turn to the final one or two subjects

9 that I'd like to discuss with you today.

10 During the course of the war --

11 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, Madam Vidovic.

12 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] I apologise to my colleague

13 Mr. Mundis. I just want to see that it is in the transcript here the

14 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and then we also have suddenly the

15 army of the Republika Srpska which actually the witness did not mention.

16 So perhaps my colleague can clarify that the witness did not mention the

17 army of Republika Srpska.

18 I'm talking about page 37, lines -- lines 17 and 18. We have the

19 words the army of Republika Srpska. Actually this is creating some

20 confusion. The witness did not mention that, in fact.

21 JUDGE MOLOTO: Sir, can you please try an answer my question once

22 again.

23 My question had been, is the army of the Federation of Bosnia the

24 same entity or institution as the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina that was

25 led by the accused?

Page 8288

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No, it is not the same entity. It

2 is not the same institution. These are two different institutions.

3 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

4 Does that clear it, Madam Vidovic?

5 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Yes, Your Honour.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

7 Mr. Mundis.

8 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.

9 Q. Let me just ask a couple of follow on questions on this topic.

10 Sir, do you know when the army of the Federation of Bosnia and

11 Herzegovina was established?

12 A. First, in 1994 the Joint Command or the Joint Staff was created

13 of the HVO forces and the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. And then in

14 the subsequent period, this is the body from which the army of the

15 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina evolved.

16 Q. And when did the army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

17 come into existence?

18 A. I don't know the exact date.

19 Q. Can you give us an approximate time-period. A year, for example?

20 A. I think that it was after the signing of the Dayton Accords.

21 Q. And what -- once the army of the Federation of Bosnia and

22 Herzegovina was established, did the ARBiH continue to exist, or did it

23 cease to exist?

24 A. It ceased to exist.

25 Q. And, sir, would it be fair then to say that in effect the army of

Page 8289

1 the Federation subsumed or took over what had been the ARBiH?

2 A. I don't know specifically what you mean, that it took over.

3 Could you please clarify your question. I'm not quite sure I understand

4 it.

5 Q. At the time the ARBiH -- or at the time the Federation, the army

6 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was established, the ARBiH,

7 in effect, ceased to exist. Is that right?

8 A. Yes.

9 Q. And you, sir, at the time that happened, you were a member of the

10 ARBiH. Is that correct?

11 A. Automatically I was no longer a member of the army of Bosnia and

12 Herzegovina but a member of the army of the Federation of Bosnia and

13 Herzegovina.

14 Q. So, in effect, sir, you didn't have to take any steps personally

15 to go from being a member of the ARBiH to being a member of the army of

16 the Federation of BiH. It was automatic, as you said.

17 A. Yes, yes.

18 Q. Let me now turn to the last one or two subjects that I would like

19 to talk to you or talk with you about this afternoon, Mr. Dedovic.

20 During the course of the war, 1993 through 1995, did you, sir,

21 ever hear of a unit known as the El Mujahedin Detachment?

22 A. No. No, I didn't. I haven't heard of the existence of that

23 unit.

24 Q. And are you saying then, sir, that even to this day you have

25 never heard of the El Mujahedin Detachment?

Page 8290

1 A. No. I heard mostly about the existence of the El Mujahed when

2 I -- following these trials. During the war, I never heard of that

3 detachment. The army number 25.000 men, 100 brigades, 500 battalions; so

4 I don't know, I mean, I didn't even know it existed.

5 Q. Okay. But certainly just so we're clear during the course of the

6 war you never heard of the El Mujahedin Detachment?

7 A. No. During the war, no.

8 Q. Sir, during the course of the war did you know or did you ever

9 observe any people who appeared to you to be foreigners serving in or

10 with the soldiers of the army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

11 A. I don't know on the basis of what I should have been able to

12 recognise them as foreigners, whether they would not be speaking our

13 language or what. I don't understand the question.

14 Q. Fair enough. Let me ask you it a slightly different way.

15 Do you know or did you ever observe or were you aware of the fact

16 that persons coming from African or Arabic countries were serving in or

17 with units of the ARBiH?

18 A. I did not see afro-asian members of the BiH army. Myself being a

19 member of the BiH army did not have occasion to see any such members.

20 Q. And I wanted to be sure, sir, so that we're on the same page, if

21 you will. I'm talking about the period during the war, 1993 to 1995. Is

22 it your testimony that you never on any occasion saw any persons from

23 African or Arabic countries serving in or with units of the ARBiH?

24 A. No, I did not have the opportunity to see these men.

25 Q. Can you tell us, sir, in December 1995 or into the first few days

Page 8291

1 of January 1996, did you accompany General Delic to any trips to Zenica?

2 A. End of 1995, early January 1996? It is possible that we went

3 there. That was already after the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords.

4 The war had ended. It is quite possible that we went there.

5 Q. In that time-period, again December 1995 first few days of

6 January 1996, were you personally present at any point in time when

7 General Delic met with or spoke to persons from African and Arabic

8 countries?

9 A. To my knowledge, General Delic never met with them in that

10 time-period. I'm not aware of that.

11 Q. Thank you very much Mr. Dedovic.

12 MR. MUNDIS: The Prosecution has no further questions.

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much, Mr. Mundis.

14 Madam Vidovic, any re-examination?

15 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, very few brief

16 questions.

17 Re-examination by Ms. Vidovic:

18 Q. [Interpretation] Good afternoon, Mr. Dedovic, before I proceed.

19 I have only a few brief questions for you.

20 The Prosecutor asked you a series of questions which had to do

21 with the announcement of your visits to other army units in various war

22 zones. You also told us yesterday that you had radio sets of stations as

23 a means of communication. Can you describe for us the following: What

24 would have happened, if anything, had you announced such visits in the

25 war zones?

Page 8292

1 A. Since such stations constituted unreliable means of communication

2 I did not make contact over them with other units.

3 Q. My question had to do with something else. When you say

4 unreliable means of communication, what does that precisely mean?

5 A. That means that at any given point of time, members of the army

6 of Republika Srpska, being in possession of more sophisticated technology

7 were in a position to listen in to such communications. They had far

8 more powerful technology.

9 Q. And what bearing would that have, if any, on the security of

10 General Delic?

11 A. It would have been a threat to his security. That's why it was

12 not used in the first place.

13 Q. You say it would not be used. Why? Is that related to any

14 inherent dangers?

15 A. Yes, of course. It would have been a security threat.

16 Q. Today you were shown some articles and reports. Let me ask you

17 this: Unless I'm mistaken, yesterday, while indicating the members of

18 the delegation who accompanied you to Kuala Lumpur, you mentioned the

19 journalist Senad Kamenica. Do you recall that?

20 A. Yes.

21 Q. Can you recall which media he worked for?

22 A. Radio and Television Bosnia-Herzegovina, the state television,

23 that is.

24 Q. Did that also subsume the radio?

25 A. I don't know. I know he was an employee of the

Page 8293

1 Bosnia-Herzegovina radio television, and I don't know what that implied.

2 Q. Do you recall any of his activities during the conference? Did

3 he make any contacts with anyone?

4 A. I really can't tell you that. I believe he is the person who is

5 best placed to tell you if and who he made contact with.

6 Q. Very well.

7 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I have no further

8 questions.

9 JUDGE MOLOTO: [Previous translation continues] ...

10 Madam Vidovic.

11 Judge?

12 Questioned by the Court:

13 JUDGE HARHOFF: Thank you, Mr. Dedovic.

14 You told us during your testimony yesterday that when

15 General Delic was appointed to the post as Supreme Commander, he met

16 considerable resistance and outright disloyalty in the beginning, and he

17 had to suffer humiliation and a lot of difficulty in order to cope with

18 that.

19 My question to you is: In your opinion, was the General able to

20 overcome that over time so that by the end of the war he had been able to

21 establish respect about himself, so that he enjoyed the support and

22 loyalty and respect of his subordinates in the army?

23 A. Yes. He was able to overcome that, but only with the support of

24 the Presidency and the president of the Republic.

25 JUDGE HARHOFF: Tell us a bit about that. When and how did the

Page 8294

1 President of the Presidency intervene in support of General Delic?

2 A. With the very fact that he initiated actions against the disloyal

3 commanders of the 9th and 10th Mountain Brigades, since the commander was

4 unable to do that himself, of his own initiative.

5 JUDGE HARHOFF: So are you saying that after the Caco and Celo

6 incidents, General Delic was then generally enjoying support of all parts

7 of his army?

8 A. Yes. I believe that after these incidents, the commander's

9 enjoyed full support of all members of the army.

10 JUDGE HARHOFF: Thank you. I would have thought the same,

11 but ...

12 Another question relates to something that you mentioned to us in

13 your earlier testimony, and that was the meetings that General Delic had,

14 I think it was in Kuala Lumpur or it -- I could have been mistake it

15 could also have been in Iran, but you said something that struck my mind.

16 You said that a lot of people came to see the General because

17 they wanted to know how they could help, what kind of assistance they

18 could offer and so the General could tell them that we need this and we

19 need that.

20 Is that what -- is that a fair account of what you said?

21 A. This was at the Islamic conference in Kuala Lumpur. All the

22 participants in the conference wanted to have a word with Commander Delic

23 about the type of assistance needed. I don't know anything specific

24 about what assistance was offered, but I know that all the participants

25 in the conference wanted to have a word with General Delic.

Page 8295

1 JUDGE HARHOFF: Are you able to ascertain whether any of that

2 help was ever materialised or was ever offered? Did we -- or did you -

3 sorry - did you eventually get assistance from some of the countries that

4 had offered their help?

5 A. Well, that was probably the case, through the implementation of

6 the Dayton Peace Accords. Some some assistance was received. Now I

7 can't tell you what kind of assistance there may have been.

8 JUDGE HARHOFF: Hold on a minute, the participants at the IOC in

9 Kuala Lumpur, they were not participants in the Dayton Accord.

10 A. No, no they weren't.

11 JUDGE HARHOFF: Maybe I've not put my question correctly to you.

12 I'll try again.

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: Sorry, the transcript stopped.

14 MR. MUNDIS: The transcript stopped.

15 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much, Mr. Mundis.

16 MR. MUNDIS: It stopped during the last answer, Your Honour, so

17 your question also wasn't recorded.

18 JUDGE HARHOFF: Thanks, I'll re-put it. But I'll wait until I

19 get the green light from the stenographer.

20 [Technical difficulty ]

21 JUDGE HARHOFF: Are we back on track? Thank you very much.

22 Mr. Dedovic, my question to you is, if you are aware of whether

23 any of the assistance that was offered by the participants at the Islamic

24 conference in Kuala Lumpur ever materialised in your country.

25 A. I don't know that. The ministry of foreign affairs would

Page 8296

1 probably better placed to give you an answer. I don't know.

2 JUDGE HARHOFF: Well, since you were also in the army, you might

3 have seen or heard whether any assistance was ever received from abroad.

4 I don't know what it could have been, but there a number of options. But

5 in any case, I assume that receiving assistance in whatever form from

6 abroad might be something that was, you know, publicly known and spoken

7 about.

8 A. Yes. I can tell you about that. The assistance provided by the

9 American company MP Reye [phoen] for instance in training the troops of

10 the army of the Federation. That's the bit I'm aware of.

11 JUDGE HARHOFF: But you were not aware of any similar kind of

12 assistance or other form of assistance that was offered by any member of

13 the OIC or the Islamic organisation.

14 A. No. I don't have any knowledge about that type of assistance.

15 JUDGE HARHOFF: My last question also relates to the trip to

16 Kuala Lumpur, because you said yesterday that it was quite a big

17 delegation that went to that conference from -- from Bosnia and

18 Herzegovina. There was a doctor, there was a journalist, there was

19 General Delic, and there was yourself. And I wonder if there were any

20 members representing the political institutions in Bosnia-Herzegovina,

21 was there any members of the ministries or any member of the

22 War Presidency or ...

23 A. I think that the Ministry of Defence was present as well. Now, I

24 don't know these individuals by their name, but I know there were also

25 members of the ministry of foreign affairs. I don't know what duties

Page 8297

1 they discharged therein.

2 JUDGE HARHOFF: Thank you very much.

3 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you, Judge.

4 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Mr. Dedovic --

6 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I apologise. I should

7 like the transcript to reflect a part of my re-examination, since it

8 was -- it disappeared from the transcript as it is now. I guess this can

9 be done at the end of today's hearing, but I merely wish to draw your

10 attention to the fact that almost of it was left out of the transcript

11 unless its with put back in, in the meantime.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic, are you able to refer us to the

13 area where it is suppose to appear, what page.

14 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, that should be page 2

15 shortly before the technical difficulties we experienced. According to

16 my notes it is page 2, line 12 or thereabouts. Because only the part of

17 what I was saying in -- between line 7 and 12 was included in the

18 transcript as it is. At least that is the case with the transcript as I

19 can see it on my screen.

20 JUDGE LATTANZI: [Interpretation] If I'm not mistake this is

21 before you see it before because I think that the last part was added on

22 to pages that were repeated.

23 Look at page 25, you go from page 1 -- yes, there are at least

24 two pages of questions put by you.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic I see your re-examination starting

Page 8298

1 at page 24, line 8 of my transcript, and I don't see what appears to be a

2 break, and I see where you say, Your Honour, I have no further questions

3 so everything is there. I can find it on my transcript.

4 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour. I

5 apologise. I thought it was the way I presented it.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Not a problem.

7 Mr. Dedovic, yesterday you said to us that Mr. Delic did not

8 decide on his visits to the units, that these were decided by the

9 commanders.

10 Did I hear you correctly to say that yesterday?

11 A. Yes.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: My question to you then would be: What would have

13 been the purpose of these visits, if he didn't plan them himself?

14 A. The General did not personally decide which unit he was to visit.

15 That was done to the corps commander or one of his deputies. The

16 commander could not personally pick out a unit and say, I want to visit

17 that one.

18 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. Then today you said and this was at page 8,

19 lines 19 to 22, today's transcript, something to the effect that the

20 General made decisions on where you would travel. Let me find the actual

21 quotation so that can I quote it to you.

22 I'm not seeing it now.

23 Okay. I'm not finding it. But just correct me if I'm wrong, I

24 thought you said you were being asked about visits from one unit to the

25 next and you said, No, the General just decided where we would go, and we

Page 8299

1 just go there.

2 Did you say that today or did I mishear you.

3 A. Yes, the commander decided where we would be going. But upon

4 arrival at our destination he would be shown the state of the unit to be

5 visited. But he did not make the choice of which unit he would visit.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: I'm a little confused by that answer. When you

7 say, Yes the commander decided where we would be going, that's the part

8 I'm interested in; and that part doesn't seem to reconcile with

9 yesterday's testimony, where you said, No, he doesn't make those

10 decisions. Those decisions are made by the corps command, which you have

11 just confirmed.

12 Are you able to reconcile these two apparently -- they're

13 apparently contradictory; I'm not sure.

14 A. The corps command would decide -- or, rather, they present the

15 units that in their view were to be visited. But the corps command did

16 not decide about the movements of the commander. The corps commands

17 presented the state of their units or their units to the commander the

18 way they saw fit.

19 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. Now, can you sort of explain to us how you

20 and Admir Delic carried out your duties. And what I'm particularly

21 interested in knowing is this: Did you change shifts or were you always

22 together with Mr. Delic wherever he went, the two of you who were the

23 escorts?

24 A. I always went with General Delic.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: And Admir Delic?

Page 8300

1 A. Admir Delic was present most of the time.

2 JUDGE MOLOTO: So in those times when Admir Delic would be

3 present, you would be also be present.

4 A. Yes.

5 JUDGE MOLOTO: Now, if we could just go back to this question of

6 announcing your imminent visits to -- to whom did you make these

7 announcements?

8 A. To the corps command of the zone that was being visited. So it

9 would be to their operation centre at the command. The command operation

10 centre.

11 JUDGE MOLOTO: How did you make the announcements?

12 A. It would be an encrypted message.

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. And this encrypted message was safer than

14 the radio phones that Madam Vidovic referred to a little earlier, in

15 terms of being intercepted by the Serb army?

16 A. Yes.

17 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. Now, yesterday you also told us that before

18 Mr. Delic would make a call wherever you were, if there was ever a need,

19 you would determine, first, whether the line was safe for him to speak,

20 because these lines were usually open. How did you make this

21 determination?

22 A. Well, it's known which devices were being used, so if it was an

23 open telephone line, it could not be used for talking.

24 JUDGE MOLOTO: What is an open telephone line and what is not an

25 open telephone line?

Page 8301

1 A. It's just a normal telephone line, an unsecured, an open

2 connection.

3 JUDGE MOLOTO: I still don't understand. Okay. If it is

4 secured, how is it secured.

5 A. No means of communication is secure. I don't know how to explain

6 it to you.

7 JUDGE MOLOTO: [Previous translation continues] ... the point and

8 I would like to get that explanation. I want to know what is an open

9 telephone line and what is a telephone line that is not open, and how you

10 determine this, particularly if a phone that is not yours. You are out

11 there travelling, and have you to phone. I just want it know that.

12 A. This is exactly what I was saying. It's just a normal telephone,

13 an open line that can be bugged. It's not a protected, secure line.

14 JUDGE MOLOTO: All right. Now, if you get on to that open line

15 and you want to check that it is safe for Mr. Delic to phone, how do you

16 go about checking that? How do you go about determining that this phone

17 is safe, you can use it, sir?

18 A. That telephone with the open line is something that was never

19 used to announce things to army units.

20 JUDGE MOLOTO: You're not -- you're getting away from my

21 question. I'm not talking about the contents of the message. I'm

22 talking about the process you go through to determine that this open line

23 is safe. Now, General Delic, you may use it and say whatever you want to

24 say, whether you want to talk the units or you want to say hello to

25 Mr. Izetbegovic, that's -- that's not for us. But you have made the

Page 8302

1 determination it is safe, can you use it. How do you make that

2 determination?

3 A. It's just a regular telephone, a normal telephone communication

4 telephone line that is unreliable and we knew this because the calls were

5 being intercepted. They were being listened into. So it was not a

6 secure, protected line.

7 JUDGE MOLOTO: I'm not sure whether it is a question of

8 interpretation or is it a question of you, and I not understanding each

9 other. What you have just said doesn't answer my question, sir. You're

10 telling me that it was just a normal telephone line that is unreliable.

11 That is not what I'm asking. I'm asking who do you then say this

12 unreliable line is safe, sir, you can phone? What actions do you take to

13 make sure that the line is safe for use by the General?

14 A. I didn't say that the line was unreliable and that it cannot be

15 used. I didn't say that an unreliable line or that it cannot be used. I

16 didn't say that.

17 JUDGE MOLOTO: Well, that's why I say I don't know whether it is

18 a question of interpretation but if you look at page 7 line 8 it says --

19 you are quoted as saying or translated as saying:

20 "It's just a regular telephone. A normal telephone communication

21 telephone line that is unreliable and we know this because the calls were

22 being intercepted. They were being listened to so it was not a secure

23 protected line."

24 Now, just now have you been quoted as having said "unreliable."

25 Were you being misinterpreted?

Page 8303

1 A. It's an unreliable system of communication.

2 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. I suppose I can't take this matter any

3 further. We're not getting to the question that I'm putting to you, sir.

4 You know, you are just not telling me the actions you took to

5 make a determination that the line could be used by Mr. Delic. I know

6 that you say it is unreliable, but I want to know what are the steps you

7 took to ensure it can be used.

8 A. If a line is unreliable and the commander cannot use it, I didn't

9 take any further measures, because we were not able to do that. We

10 didn't have any reliable system of communications. We didn't have any

11 other system of communication.

12 JUDGE MOLOTO: [Previous translation continues] ... the

13 conclusion is you're just not answering -- prepared to answer my question

14 or we don't understand each other.

15 Yes, Madam Vidovic.

16 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I think it is

17 preferable that you do not understand one another for different reasons.

18 You cannot conclude from anything that this witness said that he does not

19 wish to answer your questions. This is a conclusion that cannot be drawn

20 on the basis of anything that the witness said.

21 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic, I think I have put my question to

22 this witness more than three times and that's a conservative estimate.

23 What actions did he take to ensure the line can be used by General Delic.

24 He has never answered that question, and I'm saying to you it's -- it's

25 either he doesn't want to answer the question or we are not understanding

Page 8304

1 each other. I have never said I'm taking -- making any conclusion. I

2 have put two possibilities here.

3 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, the witness said

4 several times, and he answered several times, that he said that those

5 telephone lines were unreliable and that, for that reason, they should

6 not have been used. But then you ask him something else. You asked him

7 what he did to make them. I mean, you're asking him something else and I

8 don't know how the witness could answer that question, how he could make

9 the telephone line reliable. He simply clearly said that the lines were

10 open and that as such they were not reliable and that he had advised

11 General Delic not to use them. This is what he answered a number of

12 times.

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: You want us to go into argument now.

14 Madam Vidovic, as I understood this witness's testimony yesterday

15 he said before Mr. Delic phoned he would make sure that the line is safe.

16 He would check whether the line is safe. Obviously if he finds the line

17 not to be safe he will advise him not to phone because the line is not

18 safe. If he find it to be safe he will advise him to phone.

19 My question is what steps did he take to check that. That's all

20 I'm asking. And if you say this was not the testimony yesterday, then I

21 don't know what you're saying. But I have left that question.

22 Sir, yesterday at page 40, lines 24 to 25, there was this

23 recording on the transcript. Do you remember whether General Delic

24 received or did not receive any documents during the action? And the

25 answer was: No. General Delic did not receive any documents in that

Page 8305

1 period because that is something that would have been handed to me first.

2 So for sure he didn't receive any documents.

3 And yesterday at page 86, lines 4 to 9, in answer to your

4 question you said: No I personally did not hand to the commander any

5 document. And the -- next question was: Okay. So you don't know what

6 documents General Delic may have been handed or not because you were not

7 involved personally in handing documents to him. Your answer was: No, I

8 did not take part in that. I don't know anything about that.

9 Now, again, I ask you just to clear something here for me. It

10 seems as if in yesterday' testimony you say no, no, no, any documents

11 would come via you. And today you seem to say no, no, no, you didn't

12 take part in any documents so you know nothing about it. Is there

13 somewhere where you are being misinterpreted or is there something that I

14 don't understand?

15 A. To the commander in the field. Your question refers to the

16 period that the General was out in the field and whether any documents

17 were given to him. No, no documents were given to him.

18 JUDGE MOLOTO: In the field. I'm not quite sure I understand

19 what you mean by the field.

20 A. I think that --

21 JUDGE MOLOTO: [Previous translation continues] ... yes,

22 Madam Vidovic.

23 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I was just about to

24 say I would like to draw the attention to the fact that the witness

25 yesterday spoke about this aspect. He already said that. I asked him

Page 8306

1 specifically about post about documents during combat actions out in the

2 field, and yesterday he was responding to such questions about receiving

3 documents during fighting. The Prosecutor asked him something else,

4 about receiving documents generally in different situations. This is how

5 I --

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic this witness can explain this. That

7 is why I'm putting it to him. I'm saying, look is there something that

8 I'm misunderstanding and he can explain it to me. And if can he has not

9 explained to me to your satisfaction you have the opportunity, Madam

10 Vidovic, to ask further questions after my questions. But this

11 interruption of my questions I just find it completely unacceptable.

12 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] I apologise, Your Honour.

13 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you. Your apology is accepted.

14 Was that going to be your explanation, sir, just what

15 Madam Vidovic just testified to now?

16 A. Yes.

17 JUDGE MOLOTO: You said in answer to a number of questions by the

18 Prosecution that you never sat in any meetings where General Delic was

19 discussing any issues that -- in the meetings that he held, and you also

20 indicated that he never commented to -- about these issues to you when

21 you were either travelling together.

22 Would that be a fair summary of what you said?

23 A. Yes.

24 JUDGE MOLOTO: Would it also be a fair summary of your testimony

25 yesterday that you said the journalists who criticised him for travelling

Page 8307

1 all over the world did so because they did not know what he was doing on

2 these trips. They were sort of -- I got the impression you were saying

3 that they were misinformed.

4 Would I be right to say so?

5 A. They didn't know what General Delic's mission was in these trips.

6 JUDGE MOLOTO: Yes, something like that.

7 And did you know General Delic's mission on these trips?

8 A. After those meetings, if there was a press conference, of course

9 then I would know what had happened at the meetings. But the General,

10 before that, would not speak about what it was and how things were, no.

11 JUDGE MOLOTO: Okay. Thank you so much. I have no further

12 questions.

13 I see we have gone far beyond the time for the break.

14 We will take the break and come back at quarter to 6.00.

15 Court adjourned.

16 --- Recess taken at 5.21 p.m.

17 --- On resuming at 5.44 p.m.

18 JUDGE MOLOTO: There's been a request that we adjourn at 6.30

19 today.

20 Madam Vidovic, do you have any questions arising from the

21 questions by the Chamber?

22 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] No, Your Honour.

23 JUDGE MOLOTO: Mr. Mundis.

24 MR. MUNDIS: No, Your Honours. Thank you.

25 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much.

Page 8308

1 Sir, that brings us to the end of your testimony. Thank you so

2 much for coming to testify at the Tribunal and thank you specifically for

3 taking time from your schedule to come and do so.

4 You are now excused and you may stand down and please travel

5 safely back home.

6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honours, and thank

7 you for all of those here present for your kind hospitality. Thank you.

8 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you so much.

9 [The witness withdrew]

10 JUDGE MOLOTO: Madam Vidovic.

11 MS. VIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, we did not expect

12 that we would have more time today, in view that we were informed that we

13 would be finishing earlier today, so our next witness is planned to start

14 tomorrow.

15 JUDGE MOLOTO: Thank you very much. In that event, then, we --

16 the Court will stand adjourned to tomorrow at quarter past 2.00,

17 Courtroom II.

18 Court adjourned.

19 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 5.47 p.m.,

20 to be reconvened on Thursday, the 10th day of

21 April, 2008, at 2.15 p.m.