1 Monday, 26 January 2009
2 [Open session]
3 [The accused entered court]
4 --- Upon commencing at 2.20 p.m.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: I understand there are some preliminary matters.
6 Let us deal with them as quickly as possible. Who is first?
7 MR. IVETIC: Thank you, Your Honour. I guess I can go first.
8 I do need to go into private session to deal with the first
9 matter that I have.
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Private session.
11 [Private session]
11 Pages 4472-4489 redacted. Private session.
3 [Open session]
4 THE REGISTRAR: We're back in open session, Your Honours.
5 MR. IVETIC: Thank you.
6 Q. Madam, with respect to the road from -- or the route of these
7 school bus from Rujiste to the school, what route did it take, and what
8 is the approximate distances between the various villages that are
9 located there, and with respect to the ...
10 A. From our village, Rujiste, we traveled three kilometers to the
11 village of Klasnik where we went to the first four grades of primary
12 school, and then after that, up to the eighth group, we went to Prelovo,
13 which was some 10 kilometers away, and we took the bus, and then we went
14 to secondary school in Visegrad, which is about 20 kilometers away from
15 our village.
16 Q. Now, as far as the route taken by the students to get to the
17 school and eventually to get to Visegrad, what is the order of the
18 villages along the road, starting out from Rujiste heading towards
19 Visegrad? What villages would one have to pass on the route to school?
20 A. Rujiste, Klasnik, Prelovo, then there are some small hamlets,
21 Koritnik and Visegrad.
22 Q. And now this route taken by the students and then by the bus when
23 you went to the other school, is this a paved road or some other type of
25 A. It was not paved. I don't know how I can explain it. It was
2 Q. Where there any other roads leading to Visegrad from Rujiste?
3 A. No. It was the only road.
4 Q. You mentioned the village of Koritnik
5 was it possible to go through Rujiste to Visegrad by any other route
6 other than the route you described?
7 A. No. That was the only road you could reach Visegrad by.
8 Q. Now, with respect to the time period that you spent with
9 Mr. Milan Lukic in school --
10 MR. IVETIC: I'd ask first of all for Exhibit 65 ter 39 to be
11 call up. That should be number 1D 22-0282, a document received by the
12 Defence in response to a request for assistance of the Bosnian organs.
13 Q. And I'll ask you to review the same and once it comes up and tell
14 me if it comports or reflects your recollection of the time period that
15 Milan Lukic attended school and the specific nature of his studies there.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Cole.
17 MR. COLE: Yes. Thank you, Your Honour. There has been some
18 correspondence with the Defence on the issue of exhibits in relation to
19 the schooling. I note my learned friend has indicated a request for
20 assistance by the Bosnian organs. I wonder if we could just clarify
21 that, is this document in response to an official request for assistance
22 to the Bosnian authorities and return to the Defence through official
23 channels or some other way because the correspondence that we've had with
24 the Defence indicates that this document or certainly a similar one was
25 handed over to a member of the Defence team at the school. So it's a
1 little bit ambiguous, the explanation on the record at the moment.
2 MR. IVETIC: I'd be happy to explain, Your Honour. I've done it
3 so again on multiple occasions. We requested this document of the school
4 district in Visegrad, that is to say that the Defence officially
5 requested it. The official organs of the school tendered a response to
6 it, a written response, which was handed to members of our Defence team
7 and which we have. It was stamped by the school, et cetera. I don't
8 know what further information is required by the Prosecution. Not with
9 respect to this document, but with respect to another document, I've time
10 and again encouraged them to contact the school to verify that what I've
11 said is accurate. I will note that with respect to the --
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: So the answer is it's the official organs of the
14 MR. IVETIC: There's no other way for me to get that [Overlapping
15 speakers] ...
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: That's it. Let's move on.
17 MR. IVETIC:
18 Q. And madam, I think I've already asked you to review this document
19 and see if it -- and I've lost my question, see if -- if it comports or
20 reflects your recollection of the time period that Milan Lukic attended
21 that particular school and the specific nature of his studies there
22 according to your knowledge.
23 A. Yes, I remember that he attended that school, but I don't know
24 precisely what subjects he took.
25 Q. Okay. If we can -- I guess we have to tender this one before we
1 go to the next one.
2 MR. IVETIC: Could we tender this one as the next available 1D
3 exhibit number.
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
5 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, this document shall be given
6 Exhibit 1D 105.
7 Thank you, Your Honours.
8 MR. IVETIC: Thank you. If we can go on to the next exhibit. It
9 should be 65 ter number 40, and it ought to be at 1D 22-0281, and these
10 will be the records from the -- from the earlier -- the elementary
12 Q. And I would ask the same, for these records if you would take a
13 look at it and see if it comports with your knowledge and recollection of
14 the time periods when Mr. Milan Lukic attended elementary school, and
15 that would have been the matters that you discussed earlier in private
17 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Cole.
18 MR. COLE: Yes. I wonder, Your Honour, if we could just have on
19 the record where the document has come from.
20 MR. IVETIC: Do I need to read the document, Your Honour, or does
21 it speak for itself?
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Is it the same kind of information you need as
23 to whether it's official or a government document or what?
24 MR. COLE: Yes, Your Honour. I don't wish to take up a lot of
25 time, but there has been considerable correspondence, and it hasn't been
1 clear until now where these document have come from. So if it's been
2 handed over personally, fine. It's been suggested in the past that the
3 documents have come as a result of an official request for assistance,
4 and I just want to be clear.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: How did you get this document? Was it the
6 result of an official request for assistance.
7 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, I will read the document then:
8 "Pursuant to Article 159 of the law on general legal procedures
9 (Official Gazette of the Republika Srpska, number 13/02) and on the
10 request of Rasic Jelena from Belgrade
11 So the school organs of Visegrad upon a formal request from the
12 Defence issued this document, and I'd be happy to provide any other
13 information for you. That's a formal request from the Defence team to a
14 formal organ. If you want to zoom in on the stamp, you'll see stamp
15 issued as a -- that the stamp on this document is a formal official stamp
16 from a state organ, that is to say, the school authorities in Visegrad of
17 Republika Srpska.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Mr. Groome.
19 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, just so it's clear, the approach that
20 the Prosecution has taken has to mark these documents for identification
21 and then on paper provide the Chamber with the copy of the
22 correspondence, the request not simply to a local grammar school in the
23 area where the accused lives that may have a bias one way or the other,
24 but to the official representative of the government to the Tribunal.
25 That person then goes and does some investigation and returns with
1 whether or not they can satisfy a request. So in many ways, an official
2 request if I assistance as the imprimatur of the government when it goes
3 and it finds a particular document, which these documents do not have.
4 While they may be requested by Ms. Jelena Rasic by the local grammar
5 school principal, they are not the same as an official request by the
6 Defence to an official representative of the Tribunal. So I ask that
7 they be marked for identification and then -- and provide the same
8 underlining documents that the Prosecution has and intends to with the
9 remainder of the documents that it will introduce so that the Court can
10 assess what was requested, what was returned, and make its own assessment
11 as to whether the document should be admitted into evidence.
12 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, it's a tenant of many jurisdictions
13 including this one that public documents obtained from public officials
14 can even be introduced via the Bar table, not even through a witness.
15 The document speaks for itself as to what was requested. It provides
16 data based upon the official records of the school and is signed by an
17 authorized official of the school and stamped by an official of the
18 school. I don't see what more -- if Mr. Groome is contending that
19 depending on who you ask for documents from there's a bias, then how do
20 we ever know any document arising from there is not subject to a bias?
21 Who's the official that the Prosecution asks for these documents from?
22 These documents were requested whether orally or in writing from an
23 official, and we received the documents, and the official has identified
24 the school at issue. It has a stamp. That can all be contacted and
25 checked. Again, we're running into this issue where we have these
1 individuals on our witness list. We took them off the witness list based
2 on the understanding that the documents received from officials were to
3 be used --
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Ivetic, let me see if I understand it. You
5 would have contacted --
6 MR. IVETIC: The school in Visegrad, Your Honour.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: [Previous translation continues] ... the primary
8 school, Vuk Karadzic, and asked for information concerning the accused
9 and the director, who is Mr. Slavco Sandev, he produces this document.
10 He prepares it.
11 MR. IVETIC: Correct.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: And how does he prepare it? By doing what?
13 MR. IVETIC: Well, as the custodian of the records of the
14 elementary schools in Visegrad from the time period when the accused
15 attended school, he would go to the archives, review the archives --
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: All that information is not there.
17 MR. IVETIC: Well, Your Honours, I return to the point then
18 again. We had these people on the witness list, but we have been asked
19 to do 45 witnesses. If I have to bring records custodians in for
20 documents when the Prosecution submits wholesale documents without
21 records custodians, some of these that they claim that they seized
22 somewhere, that they don't even know who generated them, I don't know how
23 to proceed. We have to take into account fairness of the proceedings, we
24 have to take into account efficiency of the proceedings and ensure that
25 justice is undertaken. Again, they've known about this document for some
1 time. I've invited them to contact the school officials on numerous
2 occasions, and, Your Honour, if I may make a segue into this, the
3 Prosecution requested the original of another document that came from the
4 school. I did not have that original initially. I obtained that
5 original. Made a meeting with the Office of the Prosecution. What did
6 the Office of the Prosecution do with respect to that original? They
7 asked for a photocopy of it, which is the same thing they've had since
8 day one. So really I think -- I submit that the Prosecution is really
9 just trying to do -- is trying to stall these proceedings by objecting to
10 these documents that can be verified on the face, and they speak for
11 themselves in terms of the information that they contain.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: It may be that it comes down to a question of
13 the weight to be attached to it, you know, in the absence of other
14 confirming information.
15 MR. IVETIC: Well, Your Honour, I'd be more than happy to call
16 the records custodians, as long as they don't count as one of my limited,
17 very precious 45 witnesses.
18 [Trial Chamber confers]
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. We'll admit the document.
20 MR. IVETIC: Actually, I don't know whether the witness has
21 already answered with respect to this document, Your Honours.
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. Go ahead and ...
23 MR. IVETIC: Thank you.
24 Q. Madam, with respect to this document, I would ask that you look
25 through it and tell us whether this comports with your knowledge and
1 recollection of the time period when Mr. Milan Lukic attended the
2 elementary school Zelimir Djuric - Zeljo.
3 A. This document is correct.
4 Q. Thank you.
5 MR. IVETIC: Now I would submit this document for the next 1D
6 exhibit, Your Honours.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: When you say it's correct, what do you mean?
8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It is correct that he enrolled in
9 the 1st grade in that year, just as it says here, and he went to school,
10 Zelimir Djuric, Zeljo, in Prelovo.
11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Very well. Mr. Cole may have some questions.
12 Go ahead. We'll admit it.
13 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, this document shall be given
14 Exhibit 1D 106. Thank you, Your Honours.
15 MR. IVETIC: Thank you.
16 Q. Now, Madam Witness, with respect to these proceedings, we've had
17 some witnesses come and tell us some things about how they were able to
18 travel to and from school from various villages, based upon your
19 knowledge of the area, is it possible to have children from Koritnik go
20 to school in Prelovo but to have them go through Rujiste to get to the
21 school in Prelovo? Was that one of the routes of transport that was
22 available during the time period when you and Mr. Lukic were attending
24 A. It's impossible to go through Koritnik and past Rujiste in order
25 to get to school. That is incorrect.
1 Q. Thank you. Now, during the time period that you knew -- strike
2 that. During the time period that you attended school with Milan Lukic,
3 did you ever have occasion to witness him smoking cigarettes or any other
4 type of tobacco?
5 A. No, he never smoked.
6 Q. With respect to the time period when you were -- when you knew
7 Milan Lukic and when you were travelling to school with Milan Lukic as
8 well as in school, how would you describe his interactions and behavior
9 with regard to other persons, be they children or adults, be they Serb or
11 A. He always behaved very well towards Serbs, Muslims, older people.
12 He was always cheerful. He never caused anyone any problems.
13 Q. Now, you already mentioned -- strike that. With respect to when
14 the children would socialise, did you ever have occasion to eye-witness
15 Mr. Milan Lukic initiating a fight or roughing up other kids?
16 A. No. He never engaged in quarrels. He was always in good
18 Q. Based upon your knowledge and information as to Milan Lukic
19 gained from the time period that you spent with him and knew him, how
20 would you -- how would you describe for us his character? What type of
21 person is he?
22 A. Very positive person, upbeat. I can only say the best things
23 about him.
24 Q. And what kind of student was he?
25 A. Good. Average, I would say.
1 Q. And with respect to -- with respect to Mr. Milan Lukic, when is
2 the last time that you personally saw Milan Lukic?
3 A. In 1984, I left. Then I came back in 1986. That was the last
4 time I saw him. I've not seen him since.
5 Q. Based on your contacts with your own relatives, et cetera, and
6 your knowledge, did Mr. Milan Lukic remain in Visegrad municipality upon
7 the completion of the schooling?
8 A. I learned that he was in Switzerland
9 lived at Bezanijska Kosa in Belgrade
10 Q. Thank you. With respect to -- strike that. Let me just -- with
11 respect to the kids in school when you were growing up, did -- hang on
12 one moment.
13 [Defence counsel confer]
14 MR. IVETIC:
15 Q. What kind of activities would Milan Lukic be involved in during
16 the breaks in school between classes, if you know?
17 A. He would play along just like all the other kids.
18 MR. IVETIC: And if we can just briefly go back into private
19 session for one or two other questions that might otherwise reveal
20 personal information about the witness.
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
22 [Private session]
15 [Open session]
16 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, we're back in open session.
17 MR. IVETIC: Thank you.
18 Q. Madam Witness, I thank you. I have no further questions on
19 direct for you.
20 MR. IVETIC: I pass the witness, Your Honour.
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Cole.
22 MR. COLE: Yes. Thank you, Your Honour. Yes, Your Honour. I
23 have some questions that I would ask that we go into private session for.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
25 [Private session]
11 Pages 4502-4504 redacted. Private session.
11 [Open session]
12 THE REGISTRAR: We're in open session, Your Honours.
13 --- Recess taken at 3.44 p.m.
14 --- On resuming at 4.10 p.m.
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Cole.
16 MR. COLE: Thank you, Your Honour.
17 Could we go into private session, please.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
19 [Private session]
11 Pages 4506-4509 redacted. Private session.
11 [Open session]
12 THE REGISTRAR: We're back in open session, Your Honours.
13 MR. COLE:
14 Q. Now, you were shown some documents from schools that were
15 attended by Milan Lukic in your testimony earlier. Do you recall those
17 A. Yes.
18 Q. Now, those same documents, they were shown to you during the
19 course of your proofing earlier today. Is that right?
20 A. Yes.
21 Q. So when they were shown to you in this courtroom, you had already
22 refreshed your memory from the information contained in them, hadn't you?
23 A. Yes.
24 Q. And if you're going to be fair, you would have to accept that
25 without the information that was contained in those school documents, you
1 would have no idea about any years that -- specific years that
2 Milan Lukic attended any school.
3 A. It's true that he started school the year I said, 1974.
4 Q. Do you remember -- you were asked if the contents of the school
5 certificates were correct in terms of information about Milan Lukic. Do
6 you remember being asked that?
7 A. Yes.
8 Q. And did you confirm that the information in those two school
9 certificates was correct?
10 A. Yes.
11 Q. So can you tell us now what the information is that you confirmed
12 was correct. Can you remember it?
13 A. It said that he started school, the first grade of elementary
14 school in Klasnik in 1974. I confirm that to be true.
15 MR. IVETIC: And Your Honour, I had to check the transcript, and
16 I had to object to Mr. Cole's question as far as they misstate the
17 question that was asked. I specifically asked if it comports with her
18 knowledge and recollection of the time periods that Milan Lukic attended
19 elementary school, and that's at page 23, lines 4 through 8.
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Cole.
21 MR. COLE: Yes, thank you, Your Honour. I'm going to move on
22 from that topic now.
23 Q. Now, Witness, you left primary school and moved on to secondary
24 school yourself in what year?
25 A. 1980.
1 Q. And were you at secondary school with Milan Lukic on any -- in
2 any year?
3 A. Yes, but not in the same school.
4 Q. So what secondary school did Milan Lukic attend?
5 A. He first trained to become a waiter, and then the next one had to
6 do with technology.
7 Q. Do you remember which secondary school he attended?
8 A. They were separate schools, but both were in Visegrad. I don't
9 know what the name was of the school that he went to. I don't remember,
11 Q. Now, when you were at school, were you friendly with other
12 children who were Muslim children?
13 A. Yes.
14 Q. And I'm not going to ask you to say them now, but do you remember
15 the names? If you were asked, could you remember the names of a number
16 of Muslim children that you went to school with?
17 A. Yes.
18 Q. So I'll just ask you about some names here and see if you might
19 be able to help with these. Did you know any Muslim children by the name
20 of Kurspahic when you were going to school?
21 A. No.
22 Q. So how many years were you at secondary school?
23 A. Four years.
24 Q. You don't remember anyone by the surname of Kurspahic while you
25 were at secondary school?
1 A. No.
2 Q. Anyone by the name of Kurspahic while you were at primary school?
3 A. No.
4 Q. Did you know someone by the name of Jasmina Delija, D-e-l-i-j-a,
5 while you were at school, either primary or secondary school?
6 A. No.
7 Q. Changing the subject now, when you were you first contacted by
8 the Milan
9 testimony that you may give?
10 A. In October 2008.
11 Q. And by what means were you contacted?
12 A. His sister asked me whether I would agree to make a statement
13 about our socialising and going to school together.
14 Q. What was the name of his sister?
15 A. Draginja.
16 Q. And where does she live?
17 A. In Belgrade
18 Q. So in October, how did she make contact with you?
19 A. She rang me up on the telephone.
20 Q. Does that mean that she has been in regular contact with you over
21 the years that she has your telephone number?
22 A. No, as she got my telephone number from my family.
23 Q. So did you agree to speak further with members of the Milan Lukic
25 A. Yes.
1 Q. And what was the next contact you had from anyone about this
3 A. Only the lawyer.
4 Q. So after October, when was the next contact you had from this
6 A. In January of this year.
7 Q. So no contact at all with anyone until January of 2009, nothing
8 at all?
9 A. No, no.
10 Q. And the contact you had, was that from -- well, who was that
11 from, which lawyer?
12 A. The lawyer. I've forgotten his name now. That lawyer.
13 Q. Is that Mr. Ivetic?
14 A. Yes.
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Seems you are imminently forgettable,
16 Mr. Ivetic.
17 MR. COLE:
18 Q. And that contact in January, was that phone call, or was that a
19 personal call -- a personal meeting?
20 A. In January, we met in person.
21 Q. What was the date of that meeting?
22 A. I don't know precisely, between the 15th and the 20th,
24 Q. And did you make a written statement that you signed?
25 A. No. We only talked.
1 Q. Now, you were firstly scheduled to testify in this trial last
2 week, weren't you? That was the original plan? Have I got that right?
3 A. Yes.
4 Q. And was it Monday or Tuesday last week that you were originally
5 scheduled to testify?
6 A. Yes.
7 Q. And what's the reason that you weren't able to? We may --
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. --
9 MR. COLE: I think it would be appropriate for closed session for
10 that answer.
11 MR. IVETIC: Yes, Your Honours. Actually, I don't -- well, go
12 ahead. We'll go into closed session. It doesn't matter.
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Closed session, yes.
14 [Private session]
18 [Open session]
19 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, we are back in open session.
20 MR. COLE:
21 Q. Now, Witness, when was the last time that you saw Milan Lukic in
23 A. In 1986.
24 Q. Did you specifically seek him out, or did you see him by chance
25 on that occasion?
1 A. No. I came to Bosnia
2 Q. Was it just on the one occasion in 1986?
3 A. Yes.
4 Q. And have you seen Milan Lukic since that day in 1986?
5 A. No.
6 Q. But did you recognise him when you walked into court first thing
7 this afternoon for the first time?
8 A. Yes.
9 Q. And you, in fact, smiled at Milan Lukic, didn't you, and he
10 smiled back at you?
11 A. Yes.
12 Q. Now, in your testimony earlier, I think you said that when you
13 knew Milan Lukic he was not a smoker, didn't smoke cigarettes. Have I
14 got that right?
15 A. Yes.
16 Q. Now, I can't remember if you were asked about whether he was an
17 alcohol drinker at the time when you knew him, but -- so I'll ask you
18 now. Did he, as far as you know, in the years that you knew him, up
19 until -- was it 1984, was he a person who would drink alcohol regularly?
20 A. No.
21 Q. So I'm just going to ask that a photograph be shown to you.
22 MR. COLE: And the reference number is Y014-7901.
23 Q. Can you see that photograph?
24 A. Yes.
25 Q. Can you see a cigarette in the hand?
1 A. Yes.
2 Q. And you can confirm that's a photo of Milan Lukic, can't you?
3 A. Yes.
4 Q. I'll just ask you if you could now be shown a photograph
6 Can you see Milan Lukic in this photo?
7 A. Yes.
8 Q. And you can confirm that is some alcohol that he has in the
9 bottle in his hand.
10 MR. ALARID: Objection. Calls for speculation.
11 MR. IVETIC: Exactly.
12 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: How are you able to say that it is alcohol in
14 the bottle?
15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, it looks like it. When he
16 went to school, he neither smoked nor drank. These were probably special
17 occasions when that took place, or I don't know.
18 MR. ALARID: And, Your Honour, just from a perspective,
19 obviously, that Mr. Cole has not put a time and place and year and
20 otherwise established to the witness that the last time she saw him was
21 in 1986, which by math, would have been the year Mr. Lukic graduated high
22 school and around that time.
23 MR. COLE: Yes, Your Honour. These are photographs that were
24 supplied by the Milan Lukic Defence, so they would certainly be in a
25 better position than anyone to provide a date for these photographs.
1 MR. ALARID: And, Your Honour, other than them coming from the --
2 you know, the personal files of the family or what-not or the collection
3 of the family, unless it's stamped on the photograph as was the first
4 photograph we showed, D -- I guess it was D 190 had a date on it from the
5 camera, but we can only assume that the person who programmed the camera
6 did it correctly, but on these photographs there was no such time stamp
7 on the photos. We would have to put Mr. Lukic on to establish all of
8 them, of course.
9 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Cole. Proceed.
10 MR. COLE: Yes, thank you, Your Honour.
11 Q. And just finally on the photograph that you're looking at now, on
12 the question of alcohol, does that bottle in Milan Lukic's hand appear to
13 be a common type of beverage available in the Balkans?
14 A. Yes.
15 Q. Did you know Milan Lukic's parents?
16 A. Yes.
17 Q. Do you know where his mother is at the present time,
18 Milan Lukic's mother?
19 A. His mother and his father are currently in Belgrade. Not
20 currently, what I mean is they live there now.
21 Q. Do you believe that his father is still alive?
22 A. Yes.
23 MR. COLE: Could we briefly go into closed session, Your Honour.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
25 [Private session]
11 Pages 4520-4521 redacted. Private session.
1 [Open session]
2 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, we are back in open session.
3 MR. COLE: Your Honour, a matter to ask, the two photographs
4 shown to this witness and which you identified be tendered as exhibits.
5 Could I ask that they both be given exhibit numbers.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, this document shall be give the
8 following exhibit numbers:
9 Document Y014-7901 shall be assigned Exhibit B 231.
10 Document Y 014-7908 shall be assigned Exhibit B 232. Thank you,
11 Your Honours.
12 MR. COLE:
13 Q. Now, in your testimony earlier you described Milan Lukic as
14 positive, upbeat, and you said that you can only say the best, and you
15 said also that he was always in good company. Do you remember saying
16 those things about Milan Lukic?
17 A. Yes.
18 Q. So as you are testifying here today, you're saying that you only
19 know good things about him, positive things, and that's the image of him
20 that you would wish to portray to the Court?
21 A. Yes.
22 Q. And since 1986, what contact have you had with Milan Lukic until
24 A. No contact.
25 Q. Now, you're aware of the war in Bosnia and the former Yugoslavia
1 and no doubt you were able to read about that in newspapers and watch it
2 on the television news at the time.
3 A. Yes.
4 Q. And what years is it your understanding that the war -- what
5 years the war continued through from start to finish?
6 A. I don't know precisely.
7 Q. Now, during the war and in subsequent years, did you read in the
8 newspapers or see on the television news items about Milan Lukic in
10 A. Yes, I did.
11 Q. And would it be fair to say that you were aware that he was a
12 fugitive and finally arrested in 2005?
13 A. Yes, I heard that in the media.
14 Q. And as you sit there, are you aware that Milan Lukic faces
15 serious charges in this court, including extermination and many murders?
16 A. Yes.
17 Q. And do you know that it is alleged that he has murdered scores of
18 persons, including putting people in houses and incinerating them to
20 A. No.
21 Q. So you don't know those allegations?
22 A. No, I don't.
23 Q. Many people have testified about his misdeeds in this court. Do
24 you know that?
25 MR. ALARID: Objection, relevance, improper foundation.
1 JUDGE ROBINSON: I don't see the basis for the objection.
2 MR. COLE:
3 Q. The question is, Are you aware that many people have testified in
4 this court about his misdeeds, if I can call it that. You're aware of
6 A. I don't know.
7 Q. And you say, do you, that he's a good man, still say that?
8 A. Yes. He was like that when I knew him. I wasn't in the war. I
9 don't know what was going on at the time, but the only Milan Lukic I know
10 is a good and positive person.
11 Q. Do you know anything about the time that Milan Lukic returned
12 from elsewhere in Europe
13 A. No.
14 Q. Do you know anything as to the circumstances surrounding
15 Milan Lukic's return to Visegrad during the war in Bosnia?
16 A. No.
17 Q. You see, that proposition I just put to you is included in a
18 document provided to the Office of the Prosecutor by the Defence in
19 describing your testimony. Do you have any comment to make about that?
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: I see Mr. Ivetic on his feet. Yes, Mr. Ivetic.
21 MR. IVETIC: Yes, Your Honour. I object as to the relevance. I
22 object as to the foundation, again, as to what the witness knows what the
23 Defence is presenting based on the limited [indiscernible] we have on
24 that time, and I believe she has already testified as to the extent of
25 the contact that she had during the time when the witness lists were
1 generated when she was contacted and asked whether she would agree to
3 JUDGE ROBINSON: So what's the relevance of this, Mr. Cole?
4 MR. COLE: Well, we're provided, of course, with very little
5 information about a witness anyway. This is an official document
6 submitted by the Defence about what the witness is intended to testify
7 about, and I put the exact words from it to the witness, so the relevance
8 is, firstly, that we've been supplied with information that appears to be
9 correct, and I believe I'm entitled to ask the witness about a summary of
10 her evidence here, and --
11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, go ahead. Yes.
12 MR. COLE: I see, Your Honour, that she has answered the
13 question, in any event. She's -- well, if I could just read the question
15 Q. "You see, the proposition I just put to you is included in a
16 document provided to the Office of the Prosecutor by the Defence in
17 describing your testimony. Do you have any comment to make about that?"
18 And that question relates to the suggestion you would testify as
19 to the circumstances surrounding Milan Lukic's return to Visegrad during
20 the war. So any comment about why that would -- that comment would be
21 included in your proposed testimony?
22 A. No. No.
23 Q. Now, in your testimony earlier, page 30, you testified that you
24 learned that -- or you were aware that Milan Lukic went to Switzerland at
25 one stage. Who did you learn that from?
1 A. My relatives from Bosnia
2 MR. COLE: If we could just go into closed session briefly, Your
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
5 [Private session]
12 [Open session]
13 THE REGISTRAR: We're in open session, Your Honours.
14 MR. COLE: I'm going to ask that the witness be shown, I think
15 it's Exhibit 1D 90.
16 Q. Witness, you were shown this photograph before by counsel. Do
17 you recall that?
18 A. Yes.
19 Q. And you pointed out one person, and was that Novica?
20 A. Yes.
21 Q. And is that the person, Novica Lukic, the person on the immediate
23 A. Yes.
24 Q. So just have a look at the other persons on the photograph. I
25 don't know that your attention was drawn specifically to them. Can you
1 see the other persons in the photo?
2 A. I can't really recognise. Maybe the second one on the right is
4 Q. Yes. Have you seen that photograph before, before today?
5 A. No.
6 Q. Yes, thank you.
7 MR. COLE: If I could just have a moment, Your Honour, I've
8 managed to cut down the questions that I was intending to ask, and it may
9 be that I have just a couple more, if any.
10 Yes, just a couple more, Your Honour. If we could go into closed
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, closed session.
13 [Private session]
21 [Open session]
22 THE REGISTRAR: We're back in open session, Your Honours.
23 MR. IVETIC: Thank you.
24 Re-examination by Mr. Ivetic:
25 Q. Madam, we're almost there. Just a few more questions on my side
1 at least.
2 Now, you've been asked by the time period in the tenth month of
3 last year when you were contacted by the Defence to give testimony in
4 this case. At that time, did anyone from the Defence have occasion to
5 come meet with you and interview you about the extent of the your
6 knowledge that you could offer as testimony in these proceedings?
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Cole.
8 MR. COLE: Yes. Even though it's re-examination, of course the
9 rules relating to leading evidence still apply, and I would just ask my
10 learned friend if he could refrain from leading when he's putting
11 questions to his witness. Thank you.
12 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, the fact that it's a yes or no question
13 doesn't mean that it's leading.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. I agree. It's not leading, and it arises
15 from cross-examination.
16 Yes, please answer the question.
17 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No.
18 MR. IVETIC:
19 Q. Thank you.
20 Now, moving on, madam, I understand the math problem. Sometimes
21 we're all bad with figures and with adding and calculating, especially
22 when it comes to years. But just to be clear, during the years when
23 Milan Lukic was attending school in Visegrad, whether that was in
24 Klasnik, Prelovo, or Visegrad itself, how were you travelling to your
25 school? By what means?
1 A. By bus.
2 Q. And how was Milan Lukic travelling and attending his school?
3 A. The same means.
4 Q. And am I to take that to mean that you were on the same bus?
5 A. Yes.
6 Q. And with respect to that bus, would it drop -- would it drop
7 students off at the schools that they attended?
8 A. Yes.
9 Q. And so for the time period that you testified about when you went
10 to school with Milan Lukic -- strike that.
11 MR. IVETIC: I think that's made my point, Your Honour. I think
12 the rest would be just pure adding, overstepping.
13 Madam, I thank you for coming here to testify in these
14 proceedings, and on behalf of the Milan Lukic Defence team, I thank you
15 very much for the effort and time to testify and for coming here. Thank
17 No further questions for this witness, Your Honour.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Witness, that concludes your evidence. We thank
19 you for coming to the Tribunal to give it. You may now leave.
20 [The witness withdrew]
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: The next witness.
22 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, the next witness is MLD4. I don't
23 know, are we scheduled for a break or ...
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: The break is usually at 35 minutes after 5.
25 It's 25 minutes to 6. Do you want us to take it now?
1 MR. IVETIC: If it pleases Your Honour, I could take the break
3 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. All right. We'll take the break now.
4 --- Recess taken at 5.22 p.m.
5 --- Upon commencing at 5.56 p.m.
6 [The witness entered court]
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let the witness make the declaration.
8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I solemnly declare that I will
9 speak the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth.
10 WITNESS: WITNESS MLD4
11 [Witness answered through interpreter]
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Ivetic. You may begin.
13 MR. IVETIC: Thank you, Your Honour.
14 Examination by Mr. Ivetic:
15 Q. Good day, sir. As you know, my name is Dan Ivetic, and I'm one
16 of the attorneys for Milan Lukic's Defence. I have to refer to you today
17 as MLD4 to be in line with your protective measures. Do you understand
19 A. I understand fully.
20 Q. At this time, with the assistance of the court usher, I would ask
21 for the pseudonym sheet document to be handed to you, and sir, when you
22 have an opportunity to review this document, I would ask that you look at
23 the same and verify that the information contained on it as to yourself -
24 that is, your name, last name, and date of birth - is correct.
25 A. The information is correct.
1 Q. Thank you, sir. If you could please sign -- thank you, sir. If
2 you could please sign the document.
3 MR. IVETIC: And then, Your Honours, I would submit this is the
4 next -- to be tendered as the next available 1D exhibit in evidence.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
6 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, this document shall be given
7 Exhibit 1D 107 under seal. Thank you, Your Honours.
8 MR. IVETIC: Thank you, Mr. Register. I'd forgotten that should
9 be under seal. That's correct.
10 Is the witness having difficulty with the translation?
11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The right speaker isn't working
13 MR. IVETIC:
14 Q. How about now? Is it working now?
15 A. Yes.
16 Q. Thank you sir. For the time being, we are in public session,
17 meaning that everything you are saying is being transmitted, so I would
18 urge you to be careful when answering my questions so as not to reveal
19 your identity, and the first question I have for you is, What ethnicity
20 are you?
21 A. I'm a Serb.
22 Q. And which of the former Yugoslav republics were you born in?
23 A. Bosnia and Herzegovina, what is now Republika Srpska.
24 Q. Thank you.
25 MR. IVETIC: Your Honours, I'd ask now to go into private session
1 to keep protected the identity of the witness on the next several
3 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
4 [Private session]
11 Pages 4535-4537 redacted. Private session.
18 [Open session]
19 THE REGISTRAR: We're in open session, Your Honours.
20 MR. IVETIC:
21 Q. Now, after being mobilised, what type of tasks were you given to
23 A. Well, in the direction of my village, there were guards there.
24 On the other side down there, there is Zepa, Pripecak, and some other
25 places where people thought the Muslim forces couldn't get there to burn
1 down the villages, and so we held those guards there.
2 Q. Okay. In the course of performing your guard duty, did you wear
3 a uniform?
4 A. Yes.
5 Q. And were other persons in Visegrad being mobilised in that area
6 around the same time that you had been mobilised?
7 A. I think they called up everyone in the space of one or two days.
8 Q. And with respect to the command, where was the military command
9 located in the Visegrad area?
10 A. It was at Bikavac.
11 Q. Where specifically in Bikavac?
12 A. In a hotel called Bikavac.
13 Q. Okay, and was there also a kitchen where food was prepared for
14 the army, the Territorial Defence, and the police?
15 A. Yes.
16 Q. And where was that kitchen located?
17 A. In that restaurant of that hotel.
18 Q. Now, while you were doing guard duty, did you have occasion to go
19 to the military command's kitchen to eat, or was food provided by other
21 A. First, we got dry food for a certain time, and then they started
22 bringing cooked food to the lines in a vehicle.
23 Q. You say that at a certain point in time cooked food was being
24 brought to the lines. From where was this food being brought?
25 A. I think from the kitchen at Bikavac.
1 Q. Do you recall who it was, that is to say, the persons who
2 delivered the food by vehicle to the lines?
3 A. It was brought by Stevan or Steva, I think his name was Vukovic
4 or Milosavljevic, and Josip.
5 Q. And what type of -- and what type of vehicle would these persons
6 utilise for delivering the food to yourselves and others on guard duty
7 and to the lines?
8 A. Sometimes it was a van, and sometimes it was a TAM truck, a small
10 Q. And these persons, Stevan or Steva or Josip, were they persons
11 who participated in combat?
12 A. No, they were at the kitchen at the command, and they only took
13 care of the food for the soldiers and distributed it.
14 MR. IVETIC: If I can have an exhibit shown to the witness. I
15 believe it's marked in e-court as P 229. And if we could zoom in on the
16 photograph on this picture -- on this page.
17 Q. Sir, I'm going to ask you to take a look at this photograph and
18 tell me whether, in fact, you can recognise any of the two individuals
19 that are depicted on this photograph.
20 A. Yes.
21 Q. Could you tell me -- could --
22 A. This one to my right is Steva or Stevan, and the other one is
24 Q. And for the record, when you say that these are Steva or Stevan
25 and Josip, are these the same individuals that you have described for us
1 previously who worked in the kitchen at the military command?
2 A. Yes, yes.
3 Q. Now, can you recognise the vehicle that is depicted in this
5 A. Yes.
6 Q. What can you tell us about the vehicle in this photograph, sir?
7 A. Well, that's the vehicle, and those two men, but not on the side
8 where I was, on the other side, when they were driving the food up to the
9 men, they ran into an anti-tank mine, and then they and the vehicle got
10 blown up.
11 Q. Okay. Now, you indicated that these men were attached to the
12 kitchen at the military command. To your knowledge, were either of these
13 two men ever members of the so-called White Eagles?
14 A. As far as I know, no.
15 Q. If we could focus for a moment, the gentleman on the left-hand
16 side of the picture. I forget. Could you tell us who that is?
17 A. To my left?
18 Q. Yes.
19 A. That's Josip.
20 Q. And for the record, what kind of hat is Josip wearing in this
22 A. It's the sajkaca hat.
23 Q. And what kind of a hat is a sajkaca? Who is it usually worn by?
24 A. Well, you'll see that usually in Serbia, around Uzice, that area
25 down there, and it's worn by Serbs, Serb farmers or peasants as they call
2 Q. With respect to Josip, what kind of name is Josip and what
3 religious affiliation is he?
4 A. Well, I never talked about it with him, but judging by his name I
5 think he was a Croat.
6 Q. And are you familiar with his family? Who was he married to, for
8 A. I know his wife, and he had two daughters.
9 Q. What was the name of his wife, and how was she employed?
10 A. I think she's retired now, and she used to work in the health
11 centre. She was a nurse, and her name was Vida Stjepanovic.
12 Q. Do you know what village the wife of this gentleman Josip is
14 A. A village near my village. Its name was Paocici.
15 MR. IVETIC: That's all I have for the picture. That can be
16 taken off the screen now.
17 Q. Thank you, sir. Now, if we could focus on yourself for the time
18 being, during the course of the time that you were mobilised into the
19 Territorial Defence in Visegrad, did you have occasion to participate in
20 any actions in addition to the guard duty that you were performing?
21 A. On one occasion up there opposite were I was, the place is called
23 Q. Now, with respect to this one occasion in Kopito, do you recall
24 when that was precisely?
25 A. That was on the 13th of June, 1992. Yeah, I said 2002 again. I
1 apologise. It was 1992.
2 Q. Now, could you detail for us how it was that you came to be
3 involved in this action in the region of Kopito in Visegrad municipality
4 beginning the 13th of June, 1992.
5 A. A Lada Niva came, and the commander told me to get in the car and
6 we should go because we needed to go up to Kopito, as the Muslim soldiers
7 were passing on the Gorazde-Zepa, Zepa-Gorazde road, and they had even
8 set fire to some houses up there, and we had to set up an ambush.
9 Q. Now, when you say a Lada Niva came, where were you when the
10 Lada Niva came for you?
11 A. I was at the position down there, at Rujiste.
12 Q. And when you say you were told to get in the car, was anyone else
13 in the car with you?
14 A. Yes, two others as well. That's what the komandir told us, You,
15 you, and you go, but he didn't tell us where we were going. He said, Get
16 in the car and go to the command.
17 Q. And then what happened? Where did the car take you?
18 A. They took us to Bikavac, in front of the command.
19 Q. What approximate time of day was this?
20 A. In the morning at around 9 or 10 a.m.
21 Q. Now, what did you see when you arrived at the command at the
22 Hotel Bikavac?
23 A. I saw more soldiers and policemen gathering there.
24 Q. Were there any persons among the soldiers and policemen that were
25 gathering there whom you recognised?
1 A. I recognised Milan
2 conflict, there in front of the command I saw him.
3 MR. IVETIC: Line 7 of page 73, I believe the witness
4 said "before that conflict."
5 Q. Now, when you say Milan
6 you could please be specific?
7 A. Milan
8 Q. And just so that we're abundantly clear, which -- which of the
9 Milan Lukices from Rujiste did you see on that day?
10 A. The one we see here now with us.
11 MR. IVETIC: I'm sorry. Is there a problem? Okay, I apologise.
12 Q. First of all, before we get to the specifics of this encounter
13 and the Milan Lukic that we see here before us today, what can you tell
14 us about the other Milan Lukic from Rujiste?
15 A. That was an elderly man who was killed I think in 1993, down
16 there below his village. He was an older man, 60 or so.
17 MR. IVETIC: I apologise, Your Honours. I'm having to deal with
18 an inquiry from VWS at the moment.
19 Q. Sir, now, if we could focus back on the -- on your arrival before
20 the command on the 13th of June, 1992, wherein you saw Milan Lukic and
21 you said it was the first time you'd seen him. Were you surprised to see
22 Milan Lukic at that time there?
23 A. Yes, I was, because I hadn't seen him since the conflicts began,
24 and I hadn't seen him for some time before that either.
25 Q. And when you saw Mr. Milan Lukic there in front of the military
1 command on the 13th of June, 1992, with whom was he in the company of?
2 A. He was with a group of men who were wearing camouflage uniforms,
3 and it said "milicija" on their left shoulder.
4 Q. And just for purposes of clarification for those of us that don't
5 speak B/C/S or Serbian, the term "milicija" is reflected in the
6 transcript. At that time, what organisation was called the "milicija"?
7 A. Well, today it's called the police. I don't know what else I
8 could say. It's the police.
9 Q. Thank you, sir.
10 Now, could you tell us, then, what happened. Did all of you
11 remain there, or were you told to go elsewhere? What happened after you
12 arrived at the command and saw Milan Lukic with other persons in the
13 uniform of policemen?
14 A. We arrived there, we said hello, and then we waited for further
15 orders. We were given orders to get in the cars there and go to Kopito.
16 Q. Now, you had indicated earlier that when you arrived you saw more
17 soldiers and policemen gathering there. Approximately how many of these
18 soldiers and policemen received this order to get into the cars and go to
20 A. Well, perhaps about 20 men.
21 Q. And what happened then? Did you actually have occasion to set
22 out for Kopito?
23 A. Yes, we did. We got into the vehicles and arrived up there at
24 Kopito where we were met by local people. Among them was
25 Vlatko Tripkovic. I didn't know him, but he introduced himself. He said
1 he was Vlatko Tripkovic, the commander of that area.
2 Q. Who was it that gave you instructions once you arrived at Kopito
3 as to what -- as to where you should go and what you should do?
4 A. There was a lad there with Vlatko who introduced himself as
5 Novica Savic, and he told us where those men were passing by and where we
6 should -- where we should take up our positions.
7 Q. Okay. Now, if we could back up just for a second. Could you
8 tell us what happened to Milan Lukic. You had seen him at the command.
9 Did you see him again?
10 A. Yes, yes. He was with us, with me, in that same group of men.
11 Q. What about when you arrived at Kopito? Where was Milan Lukic at
12 that time?
13 A. He was with me. We socialised a bit because we knew each other,
14 so we decided to stick together.
15 Q. Now, after introducing themselves and telling you where you
16 should take up your positions, what did the persons, Tripkovic and Savic,
17 what did they then do?
18 A. Tripkovic said he had to go to Visegrad to the command for a
19 briefing. Perica Markovic took over the command, so he was there to
20 supervise us, deploy us, and give us further instructions.
21 Q. Did, in fact, Tripkovic set out for Visegrad?
22 A. I didn't know that at the time, but the next day I learned he had
23 set out. He was killed somewhere along the way.
24 Q. Just waiting for the transcript and the translation to catch up
25 with us. We'll get to the next day in a moment. I want to focus first
1 on that first day when you and the others arrived at Kopito, and first of
2 all, could you describe for us what kind of terrain -- what kind of
3 terrain is it where Kopito is situated?
4 A. The road from Visegrad to Rogatica is an asphalt road through the
5 wooded area, and then there is this road that cuts across it that people
6 from Gorazde take to get to Zepa. It's all woodlands, all around. I'm
7 not sure if you'll understand. We call it a goat path. It's some sort
8 of a path, so it's surrounded by a forest with all sorts of trees, small
9 trees and some fir trees as well.
10 Q. Again, I'm waiting for the transcript and translation to catch up
11 with us, sir. Now, when you indicated earlier that you were told to take
12 up positions, what type of positions were you told to take up? Where in
13 fact did you -- were the positions?
14 A. They said we should camouflage our presence along the road that
15 was likely to be taken by the Muslim army.
16 Q. Did you establish any -- strike that. Were there any houses or
17 structures in that area?
18 A. Yes, five or six houses.
19 Q. At the time that you arrived at Kopito and received your
20 instructions, were you told approximately how long your engagement on
21 that region -- or at that location would last?
22 A. When we first set out, they gave us some dry rations and told us
23 that we might stay there for four or five days.
24 Q. Okay. And where was it that you were to spend the night, et
25 cetera, at Kopito?
1 A. There were some houses there as I said in my previous answer.
2 Q. Did you in fact stay into the next day, the 14th of June, 1992
3 A. Yes. We still -- we stayed until the morning of the 15th.
4 Q. Okay. I appreciate that. I'd like to go back and focus on the
5 14th of June, 1992, for the time being. Did anything happen on the 14th
6 of June, 1992, where you were situated in the Kopito region?
7 A. A car arrived along the Rogatica Visegrad road driving in the
8 direction of Visegrad. It had police plates, and Djeric was in it with
9 another lad.
10 Q. Now, if we could back up, there's several things there I'd like
11 to focus on. First of all, you said Djeric was in this vehicle. Which
12 Djeric are we talking about, or could you give us his name?
13 A. Goran Djeric.
14 Q. And from whence did this car come from? What direction?
15 A. From Rogatica.
16 Q. And was there any military installment or command in Rogatica?
17 A. Yes. The Rogatica Brigade was there.
18 Q. And with respect to the road that you've described and the
19 terrain that you've described, where is Kopito in relation to Rogatica
20 and Visegrad?
21 A. It's right between the two, but that's the only road connecting
22 Rogatica and Visegrad.
23 Q. Okay, now. So Djeric arrived at your positions in Kopito coming
24 from Rogatica in the Golf that had the police license -- registrations.
25 What happened then? Did you have occasion to speak with him? And when I
1 say "him," I mean Djeric, Goran Djeric.
2 A. Well, it was by coincidence because we knew each other that I
3 walked up to him and Milan Lukic and some other people too. Milan
4 and I approached him, and he told us that Vlatko Tripkovic had been
5 killed near a place called Tabla, somewhere along the road.
6 Q. And how had Mr. Djeric obtained that information?
7 A. Well, we had no communications equipment because all if that was
8 in Tripkovic's car. So the Visegrad and the Rogatica Brigades got in
9 touch because this is something that you can see from Visegrad. You
10 could see a car burning, but one didn't know who it was or what had
11 happened, so the Rogatica Brigade and the Visegrad Brigade got in touch.
12 And Kusic from Rogatica dispatched Goran Djeric to convey the news to us
13 to the effect that the next stage in operation should be launched from up
14 there because Tripkovic had been killed. And from Visegrad those other
15 guys should get on their way in order to clear the road to make sure the
16 road was open and usable.
17 Q. Okay. And to whom was Mr. Djeric to deliver this message?
18 A. He asked who the commander was, who was in charge. Lukic and I
19 went to the house where Perica Markovic was staying. We walked with him
20 all the way to Perica Markovic, and then he conveyed the news to Perica
22 Q. Now, sir, you've mentioned that Mr. Tripkovic was in his car and
23 perished at the location near a place called Tabla. Could you in
24 reference to -- in reference to Rogatica, Kopito, and Visegrad, could you
25 tell us where Tabla is located?
1 A. That's closer to Visegrad, about halfway between Kopito and
2 Visegrad. It may be a little closer to Visegrad than it is to Kopito.
3 Q. Okay. And do you recall what approximate time of day it was that
4 Mr. Goran Djeric arrived from Rogatica with this information?
5 A. Perhaps about 10.00 a.m.
6 Q. Now, did Mr. Djeric leave after giving his information and his
7 instructions to Perica Markovic? Did he leave Kopito?
8 A. He stayed with us. He stayed with us that night, and when we set
9 out for Visegrad and the operation had been launched already, he drove
10 back to Rogatica.
11 Q. Could you tell us, then, when it was that the operation was
12 launched in terms of the day and the time of day?
13 A. We left on the morning of the 15th at about 9.00, 9.30, perhaps.
14 That would be the time.
15 Q. Could you describe for us how it was that you set out in the
16 course of undertaking this operation. How did you -- how did you and the
17 other soldiers and policemen set out along the road towards Visegrad?
18 A. We received orders to go to Visegrad because the people in
19 Visegrad had left already in a bid to clear the road, so we walked from
20 up there, walking more along the road than on the actual road itself, so
21 by the side of the road, and then on to Visegrad.
22 Q. Did you have occasion to actually meet up with the other Serb
23 forces coming from the direction of Visegrad?
24 A. Yes. It was about noon
25 Q. Did you have occasion to eye-witness the site where Mr. Tripkovic
1 and his car had met their demise?
2 A. Yes. That was where we met up. Those other people were there
3 already. His body was pulled out if there was anything left of his body
4 because the car had burned down already. We met up there, and all I saw
5 was the wreck, the car's wreck.
6 Q. Now, did you have occasion to learn at any point in time whether
7 Mr. -- Commander Tripkovic had perished alone or whether anyone else had
8 perished with him on that occasion?
9 A. There were another two there: Novica Savic, and I can't remember
10 the third man's name.
11 Q. Okay. And during the time period that you were up in Kopito with
12 Milan Lukic, do you recall the names of any other individuals that you
13 spent a considerable portion of time during the 13th, the 14th, and the
14 morning of the 15th in that region?
15 A. People from the area or people who were actually with us?
16 Q. Anyone that you can actually remember being with you that you
17 could -- that you could know to name.
18 A. Well, perhaps I could give you five, six, seven, or eight names:
20 Q. Fair enough. We'll get back, I think, to that later. After you
21 met up with the forces near the -- the other forces coming from the
22 direction of Visegrad near the Tabla location where Commander Tripkovic
23 and the others had perished, what happened then? Where did you and the
24 other police and soldiers from -- who had come from Kopito, where did you
25 go and by what means?
1 A. We lingered there for a while, and then our vehicles caught up,
2 the ones who had been driving behind us. We got into those vehicles and
3 drove back to the command at Bikavac.
4 Q. And upon -- and upon your return to the command in Bikavac, what
5 else -- strike that. Where else did you go? What else did you do? What
6 were you told to do at that point in time?
7 A. Well, nothing, really. We drove back in that Lada Niva that we
8 had arrived in. They went back to pick us up and then drove us back to
9 the line.
10 Q. Okay. Did you ever have occasion after that date and after that
11 action to participate in any other military actions with Milan Lukic?
12 A. No.
13 Q. Okay. Now, do you recall what time of day it was approximately
14 when you returned to Visegrad, that is, specifically towards the
15 Hotel Bikavac command?
16 A. Perhaps between 1 and 2.00 p.m.
17 [Defence counsel and accused confer]
18 Q. Have you had occasion to -- strike that. When did you -- when
19 did you leave Bosnia
20 A. I'm not sure I understand. When did I leave Bosnia? You mean to
21 work in Belgrade
22 Q. No. After the war, when did you return to Belgrade?
23 A. 1976 -- I'm sorry, 1996.
24 Q. And after that, did you have occasion to return to Bosnia and to
25 Visegrad municipality?
1 A. Yes.
2 Q. And did you have occasion ever to cross the road there at
3 Kopito -- or excuse me, pardon, at the Tabla location to see if there are
4 any memorials or monuments in place there?
5 A. No, I never drove past. That's on the other side of the
6 Drina River
7 the Drina River
8 I go to visit my mother.
9 Q. Thank you --
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Ivetic, I take it that you will be
12 MR. IVETIC: Yes. That was my last question, Your Honour, so I
13 am actually finished the witness.
14 Thank you, sir, for your time.
15 [Trial Chamber confers]
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. We'll have the cross-examination
18 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 7.03 p.m.
19 to be reconvened on Tuesday, the 27th day of
20 January, 2009, at 2.15 p.m.