1 Friday, 31 May 2002
2 [Open session]
3 [The witness entered court]
4 [The accused entered court]
5 --- Upon commencing at 9.02 a.m.
6 JUDGE MAY: Yes, Mr. Milosevic. We've got until 11.45 today. We
7 will sit and take a break for a quarter of an hour after an hour and a
8 quarter or so. So, Mr. Milosevic, it's for you to continue your
10 WITNESS: BILALL AVDIU [Resumed]
11 [Witness answered through interpreter]
12 Cross-examined by Mr. Milosevic: [Continued]
13 Q. [Interpretation] Let us continue, Mr. Bilall. Yesterday, you said
14 that in your village there was no KLA. I wish to remind you of your
15 statement, page 2, paragraph 4. I'm going to read slowly so that they
16 could interpret it. "Towards the end of the year, the KLA established
17 their headquarters near the mosque in order to defend the village from
18 these frequent attacks caused by nothing in particular. The commander of
19 the KLA in the village was Afet Bilalli (25 years old). There were about
20 30 KLA soldiers, about ten of which were from the village."
21 So yesterday, I asked you what the name of the village commander
22 was, and you said that you did not see anyone, you did not know anyone,
23 and you also said that there was no KLA in the village. How do you
24 explain this which you said in your statement?
25 A. I said yesterday that there was a small group of the KLA, and they
1 observed the village.
2 Q. What kind of weapons did they carry?
3 A. I didn't see what kind of weapons they had. They had hunting
5 Q. All right. I asked you yesterday, and we left it at that because
6 you did not answer me, that you went to Faik Limani's house. Who was in
7 this house?
8 A. Faik Limani's four sons. I found them in the house. They were
9 awake. Nexhat, Fatmir, and Sali, and Enver. And I went there with my
10 son. And because of the -- we went there because the Serbian army and
11 police were after us. And then we went from house to house to the house
12 of Sadik Nebiu, where we found other civilians there in the barn. And in
13 Faik's house, my son was wounded in the leg, from Bebush hill. And then
14 we went to Sadik, and we found there 28 people, and we hid there. Serbian
15 forces caught us and put us out in the yard. "Come out with your hands
16 up." And they were beating us and mistreating us. This was the Serbian
17 police and army.
18 Q. All right. We'll get to that later. You say that they were all
19 civilians and that they wore civilian clothes. Why is it necessary for
20 you to emphasise that they wore civilian clothes if they were civilians
22 A. They were civilians. They were civilians. I found them there.
23 They were civilians.
24 Q. All right. You said that they -- that they had only hunting
25 rifles. So they were shooting at the police with hunting rifles only.
1 They didn't have any other type of rifles, did they?
2 JUDGE MAY: What are we talking about? We seem to have changed
3 track. You were asking about the civilians. Now, where are we going from
5 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I'm talking about those 30, as the
6 witness had put it, soldiers of the KLA who were in the village.
7 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
8 Q. Did they use only hunting rifles to shoot at the police?
9 JUDGE MAY: You mustn't -- you mustn't confuse witnesses by
10 jumping from one topic to another. It's liable to confuse them and it
11 might confuse the Court too.
12 Now, all we had so far -- all the witness has said was that they
13 had hunting rifles.
14 Now, Mr. Bilall, we're going back now to the KLA in the village
15 who had hunting rifles, and the question was: Did they use those hunting
16 rifles to shoot at the police?
17 Now, this isn't a question aimed, as I understand it, at the 15th
18 of January. It's just general. Generally, did they use hunting rifles to
19 shoot at the police?
20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. No, they didn't fire at the
22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
23 Q. Who did fire at the police on the 15th of January?
24 A. The Serbian forces entered the village on the 15th of January, and
25 the KLA tried to help us civilians, but they were unable to. With those
1 weapons that they had, they were unable to help us. They had heavy
2 weapons, the Serbian forces. They had armoured vehicles, cannon, Praga.
3 They had return -- they had surrounded the hills round about, and they
4 entered the village, too.
5 Q. And are you aware of the number of KLA members who were killed on
6 that day?
7 A. There were some killed in the hills by -- the Serbian army and
8 police fired into the hills and killed about eight, maybe nine. I didn't
9 see them, but it was said that they were killed. They tried to help us
10 civilians, but they were unable to, and they were executed.
11 Q. And are you aware of the number of casualties within the ranks of
12 the Yugoslav army and police?
13 A. I don't know.
14 Q. You say that later you escaped to Sadik Osmani's house because
15 from there you had the possibility to flee into the woods safely; is that
17 A. No. It wasn't safe to go to the woods from Sadik's place because
18 military and police forces were very near. They didn't -- they didn't let
19 us go out.
20 Q. All right. But I'm going to remind you. On page 3, in paragraph
21 2, you say: "We decided straight away to leave the barn and to go to
22 Sadik Osmani's house that is on the outskirts of Gashi, the part of Racak,
23 that photograph 4, annex A. This house is 100 metres away. It made it
24 possible to flee safely into the neighbouring woods, and that is why we
25 decided to go there."
1 Now, tell me, what is correct, what you said just now or what it
2 says here in the statement?
3 A. It wasn't -- it was further away. It wasn't in the woods, it was
4 in the meadows. From there, you could get out into the hills. And there,
5 Serbian forces pulled us out into the yard and beat us and stripped us to
6 our underwear. The -- we were sitting there. There were 28 of us.
7 Twenty-four were executed immediately. I was the fifth one behind. And
8 they were all killed there by the Serbian army and police. They were
9 killed by -- on your orders. And they pulled out Avdi's heart and put it
10 on the ground, and one of them, they stuffed his white hat in his mouth.
11 Q. I am asking you something else. You said here that you had a safe
12 escape from there into the woods. You and the others who were there did
13 not escape before the police came. That's what you said just now. So
14 then why did you not escape when you wanted to escape?
15 A. We were beaten in the yard, and we were laid down on the ground
16 one by one. And then, taking two or three steps back, they talked with
17 their walkie-talkies --
18 JUDGE MAY: Mr. Bilall, we understand what you've been through,
19 but the question was this: That it appears from your statement that the
20 house you went to would provide or might have provided a safe escape into
21 the woods, but you, in fact, went to the house and then went and joined a
22 group in the barn. And the question is: Did you have an opportunity to
23 escape into the woods? Could you have escaped?
24 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. We had no chance to escape to
25 the hills because we were surrounded, and there were 30 -- we were
1 surrounded by about 30 police there in the yard, police and soldiers.
2 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
3 Q. And all the persons who were in Limani's house with you, did they
4 all go to Osmani's house, all of them?
5 A. Yes.
6 Q. Did you go in a group or did you move individually?
7 A. We went together as a group.
8 Q. And during this transfer, did anybody shoot at you?
9 A. The Serbian police shot at the walls. We were inside, and they
10 shot all around.
11 Q. When you were moving from one house to the other, did the police
12 notice you?
13 A. They broke down the doors, they broke down the cupboards, and they
14 entered -- they entered Sadik's yard. We saw them very well through the
15 windows. We saw that they were -- that they were all around.
16 Q. Haqif from Petrovo, what was he doing in your village at 7.00 in
17 the morning when the attack started?
18 A. He was a guest at his uncle's. He was a visitor. He had come
19 before the war started, two weeks previously, and had gone to Sadik there.
20 Q. Was Haqif a member of the KLA?
21 A. No. No. I saw him myself, and he wasn't a member of the KLA.
22 Not one of us was a member of the KLA.
23 Q. You stated that when, around 10.00, the policemen found your group
24 in the village, there was shooting all the time. Do you know who was
25 fighting against who? You say that there was incessant shooting. Between
2 A. At us. The Serbian army and police were firing at the village and
3 round it.
4 Q. That means that the KLA did not shoot; right?
5 A. I don't know whether it shot or not. I didn't see them.
6 Q. All right. Tell me, since you say that there was shooting all the
7 time, when they entered your house, how come there was shooting in the
8 village all the time and the police searched the 30 of you, took your
9 documents, and beat you for an hour, as you had put it, and on the other
10 hand, there was shooting all round?
11 A. They were shouting from the -- they were shooting from the hills,
12 because -- and in the yards, they killed civilians. And meanwhile, they
13 were shooting from the hills. They were firing from armoured vehicles,
14 and there were tanks around the village. But they started at 6.00, a
15 little bit before 6.00 - I didn't have a watch - they were firing at the
16 village, because they had us surrounded, all round the village. And then
17 they came into the yard, killing civilians.
18 JUDGE MAY: The question was if that shooting was going on, how is
19 it possible for the police to search you and take your documents and beat
20 you for an hour or so if there was shooting going on all round? Could you
21 just explain that to us, please.
22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] They were -- the police were not
23 scared. They spoke through their walkie-talkies and said, "Don't fire
24 where we are."
25 JUDGE MAY: Where was it that you were beaten and searched? Where
1 was that all happening?
2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] In Sadik's yard, inside Sadik's
4 JUDGE MAY: And was there some sort of protection there from the
6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] There were two houses and a barn.
7 We were in the barn, and they were firing from the hills. But it didn't
8 go -- the bullets didn't come inside the yard.
9 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
10 Q. Yes. And you stated that around noon, after this maltreatment
11 that you referred to and after the threats, that the police let you leave
12 in the direction of the village of Rance. How is that possible?
13 A. At 12.00, they told us, "Go out to the hills one by one." Not to
14 go to Rance but to go out onto the hills one by one.
15 Q. All right. Since they told you to go into the hills, that means
16 that they didn't kill anyone in that yard of yours. They told you to go
17 into the hills after they had searched you; isn't that right?
18 A. That's right. They searched us, they took our identity cards, and
19 then they said, "Go to the hills one by one." And I heard them talking on
20 their walkie-talkie themselves, and they said, "These are civilians," and
21 the voice came, "Kill them all. They are unarmed."
22 Q. All right. They searched you. They established that you were
23 civilians, and they said over the walkie-talkie that you were civilians,
24 and they let you go in the direction of the village of Rance; is that
1 A. It was called the hill of Bebush, up the hill of Bebush. And we
2 went up onto the hill.
3 Q. All right. Nobody guarded you, nobody escorted you as you were
4 leaving; you left on your own.
5 A. The police and army ordered us to go uphill from Sadik's yard.
6 Q. And you stated -- well, yes. They said that you should go, and
7 you left, but they did not escort you; right? They did not go with you.
8 A. No. No, they didn't come. No, they didn't come from the yard.
9 Q. You said that Ali Qazimi sat down and told the others to continue
10 the journey without him because he was too exhausted. You were walking
11 uphill, he got very tired, he sat down, and you continued the journey.
12 A. He was the last. He was very tired, and he sat down and he said,
13 "You others, go on." He was the last one. I didn't know that he was left
14 there. And he didn't know that the others were executed up above. He was
15 not 150 metres behind. He was last.
16 Q. I don't understand. You were going up towards the hill. You were
17 moving, and you say that he did not know that the others had been killed
18 above. Did you know that others or that somebody had been killed above?
19 A. He didn't know what was happening up there. He -- he came up
20 later, and I said, "Have you not seen that they've all been executed?"
21 And I said, "Come, crawl over there. They've all been killed." There
22 were about three behind me, and they went into the forest, and they
23 survived too. There were five of us in all who survived.
24 Q. In your statement, you said that as you entered Godance, in the
25 middle of the hill, you saw Serbian police wearing uniforms. And then you
1 say that you saw only one policeman. How many policemen did you see in
2 fact up there?
3 A. There wasn't one policeman, there were many policemen. There was
4 a lot of shooting and executions going on. I couldn't tell you how many
5 were -- were laying in wait up there.
6 Q. I can't hear the interpretation well. It's coming very quietly.
7 The volume is very low.
8 So therefore, I didn't understand. How many policemen did you in
9 fact see? You speak of a group of policemen and you also say that you saw
10 one. So how many were there, in fact?
11 JUDGE MAY: He said at the end of his last answer, "I couldn't
12 tell how many there were, how many were lying in wait up there." He said
13 there wasn't one policeman, there were many.
14 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
15 Q. You said that you feigned death for some five hours; is that
17 A. Yes. Five -- five hours I remained unmoved, just as if I were
18 dead. It was only when it got dark that I got up. And then I saw five or
19 six people dead around me, and I was so confused, I didn't know what to
20 do. And then Shaban came and saved me, asked me, "Are you injured? Are
21 you injured? Are you still alive?" And I said, "I'm okay." And I said,
22 "I'm here. I'm okay." He told me that everyone had been killed.
23 Q. All right. Well, in that case, there's something I don't
24 understand here. Mrs. Romano, yesterday, explained to us, said that you
25 were without unconsciousness for five hours. This is how I understood her
1 and this is what the transcript said. So were you without consciousness
2 for five hours or did you pretend to be dead?
3 A. I may have lost consciousness, I don't know. There was so much
4 shooting, I didn't even know where I was, what was going on.
5 JUDGE MAY: Yes, Ms. Romano?
6 MS. ROMANO: Your Honour, according to the statement that I read,
7 I stated that he feigned death for about five hours.
8 JUDGE MAY: He feigned death. Yes. Maybe it was a
9 mistranslation. Thank you. Anyway, it's what the witness says which
11 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
12 Q. Very well. But during that time when you pretended to be dead,
13 did you hear voices of policemen?
14 A. No, I didn't.
15 Q. How long did the policemen remain in that spot? Do you have any
16 idea of that?
17 A. The police stayed there until they'd finished executing everyone.
18 I didn't see when they withdrew.
19 JUDGE MAY: But can you -- can you give us any idea of the time
20 that they were there or not? It may not be possible.
21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know. They were there in
22 the middle of the night, but I don't know where they were exactly.
23 JUDGE MAY: But during the time in the ravine during the
24 executions and you were feigning dead, can you help us as to how long the
25 police were about in the ravine or not? If you can't say so, just say so.
1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I was lying there when they were
2 executing all the people. And then I lost consciousness, and I don't know
3 what happened afterwards. There were seven or eight who were massacred.
4 Then there were -- they pulled out -- one of them, they pulled out his
5 heart alive and did other terrible things. And then I didn't see what
6 happened afterwards. And they put -- they put a cap in someone's mouth,
7 stuffed the cap in his mouth.
8 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
9 Q. All right. You said a moment ago that you pretended to be dead
10 and now you're saying that you were without consciousness. So can you be
11 more precise? Were you conscious or were you unconscious?
12 JUDGE MAY: I think he's answered that. He pretended to be dead,
13 and he may have lost consciousness for a time.
14 Mr. Bilall, are you all right? Do you feel you can go on?
15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I can't hear you.
16 JUDGE MAY: I said --
17 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, I'm all right. I'm all right.
18 JUDGE MAY: I said were you all right to go on. That was the
20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, I'm all right.
21 JUDGE MAY: Very well.
22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
23 Q. You just said, and this is in your statement as well, that some of
24 the bodies were mutilated, and just now you told us that the body of Ragip
25 Bajrami was mutilated as well and that his heart had been ripped out of
1 his chest while he was still alive, and you spoke of similar atrocities.
2 Do you know that all of the reports pertaining to these dead mentioned
3 that none of the bodies had been mutilated, and they never ever mentioned
4 that somebody's heart had been ripped out of their chests while they were
5 still alive. So why did you invent this?
6 A. I saw that myself. He had no bullet injuries. I saw the knife
7 and saw how they ripped his heart out.
8 Q. So therefore, who ripped his heart with a knife? Did you see
9 that? Were there many people involved or just one person? How many?
10 A. I know it was the police who did it themselves. I don't -- he
11 didn't have any bullet wounds on his body. I know that. It was just the
12 wound from the knife when they ripped out his heart. That was the only
13 injury on his body.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Did you actually see it happen or is it that you
15 saw him lying there afterwards with his heart ripped out?
16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I went there and saw the body after
17 it was dark.
18 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
19 Q. Did you hear or did you see policemen and soldiers mutilating
20 these bodies? Because you say that many bodies were mutilated.
21 JUDGE MAY: His statement says some of the bodies were mutilated.
22 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right. Well, then let's
23 pinpoint this, Mr. May.
24 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
25 Q. How many bodies were mutilated?
1 A. Five or six were mutilated. Once they had been killed, they took
2 a knife to them.
3 Q. Did you see that when they took a knife to their bodies?
4 A. I didn't see it myself. I went to see once the police -- Serb
5 police and army had withdrawn, and I saw the knife injuries.
6 Q. And what time was it when you came to see them mutilated with
8 A. Just after the fall of dark. It was about twilight. It was the
9 time of twilight.
10 Q. Do you know that all of these experts, including international and
11 Yugoslav ones, examined the bodies and did not find any knife wounds or
12 hearts ripped out or the wounds that you described so far?
13 JUDGE MAY: You have put that to the witness, and he's given his
14 evidence about it. You've put the point to him once already.
15 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
16 Q. Was there much blood around bodies?
17 A. Yes, there was blood. Around all the bodies of people who had
18 been killed, there was blood.
19 Q. Was there much blood around the bodies?
20 A. Yes, there was. Yes, there was.
21 Q. Very well. Can you please explain to me a sentence in your
22 statement. Page 4, paragraph 3, line 5: "Most of the dead were in a
23 large group, and it was obvious they were hit in the same position in
24 which the bodies were found later."
25 What I am interested in is what do you mean when you say, "... hit
1 in the same position in which the bodies were found later"?
2 A. They were all found at the same time, they weren't found later.
3 When five or six -- when five or six of the Serb policemen entered there,
4 they were all in a line there, one beside the other.
5 Q. When you say, "hit in the same position in which the bodies were
6 found," does that mean that they were lying on the ground and that they
7 were hit as they were lying on the ground, or, rather, executed them in
8 that position, as you say?
9 A. No. They weren't lying down. They were standing up. They were
10 executed standing.
11 Q. And you saw them being executed. You personally saw with your own
12 eyes that they were executed?
13 A. I saw them standing on their feet. And then there were Serb
14 forces there, and I heard the firing, and then they fell onto the ground.
15 Q. Did you see this with your own eyes, them being executed?
16 A. Yes.
17 Q. Was it in the same way that you saw the heart being ripped out
18 from somebody's chest, in that same spot?
19 JUDGE MAY: That's a comment. He can't answer that.
20 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
21 Q. Well, I'm asking, was that from the same spot in which they -- in
22 which he saw the heart being ripped out from somebody's chest while the
23 person was still alive that he saw people being executed, in that same
25 A. I was near, and I saw them standing and being executed.
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 MS. ROMANO: Your Honour, I might be wrong, but maybe according to
2 the transcript I don't believe he said he saw the heart being ripped off.
3 I think he saw the wound.
4 JUDGE MAY: I have a note that at one stage he did say that,
5 although he later changed that and said that -- that's a matter we'll have
6 to look at in the transcript. We can't decide it now.
7 Mr. Milosevic, you've had now more than your hour with this
8 witness. Is there any other topic you want to ask him about?
9 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes. I have many more questions,
10 because this witness is giving evidence about some, you will have to
11 admit, fairly incredible things. This is --
12 JUDGE MAY: No. That's a matter of comment by you. We accept
13 that he is an important witness.
14 [Trial Chamber confers]
15 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
16 Q. All right --
17 JUDGE MAY: We will give you 15 more minutes because of the
18 importance of this evidence.
19 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
20 Q. You claim that from there, from that spot, you went into the woods
21 and started a fire there. Is that right?
22 A. Yes.
23 Q. Were you sure, then, that there were no policemen or soldiers in
24 the vicinity that could notice this fire of yours, even from a large
1 A. I was sure. We were up on the mountains quite a ways away, in a
2 ravine, a type of ravine, and we made a fire. And we had water there.
3 There was a lot of cold water, and we stayed there until the next morning.
4 Q. Can you tell me, please, how did you know that there were no more
5 policemen or soldiers in Racak?
6 A. On the 16th, at 10.00 in the morning, a man came out and cried,
7 "Anyone up in the mountains, you can come back now because there's no more
8 Serb police and army in the village." And Walker arrived. It was 10.00.
9 We went down, back into the village, and I tried to get back home.
10 Q. So you claim that you learned that 15 members of the KLA had been
11 killed in Racak; is that right?
12 A. I didn't say 15. Eight or nine. I never said 15. I didn't see
13 them, though. They were killed up on the mountains. I didn't see that.
14 Q. Well, it says here in the large paragraph on page 5 of your
15 statement: "Further --" and before that, you say that at that point, you
16 left the village and went to Godance on the 17 January 1999. You say that
17 your son had left the day before. Is that the son who had been wounded in
18 his leg?
19 A. Yes. Yes. My son was wounded in his leg. It was the 17th when
20 we left the village.
21 Q. And then you go on to say, in the beginning of this large
22 paragraph, you say: "Further, I was told that on the 15th of January,
23 1999, 15 members of the KLA were killed. They were all dressed in KLA
24 uniforms. The only one --
25 JUDGE MAY: I'm going to interrupt you. The English has "ten."
1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, I'm talking about the figure,
2 not the word. What I have here is a document I got from you.
3 JUDGE MAY: The figure that we have is ten.
4 JUDGE KWON: Mr. Tapuskovic.
5 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. May, this is this witness's
7 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honours, the Serbian version
8 says 15. I don't know what the Albanian version says, but the Serbian one
9 says 15.
10 JUDGE MAY: Very well. We must -- we must check with the
12 Can the Prosecution assist at the moment?
13 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] This Serbian version has been
14 translated from Albanian.
15 JUDGE MAY: No doubt the English has too.
16 THE INTERPRETER: The Albanian interpreters note that the Albanian
17 version says 10.
18 JUDGE MAY: According to the interpreters, the Albanian version
19 too has 10. So it looks as though there's been a mistranslation
21 Yes, Mr. Milosevic.
22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]
23 Q. The only one from the village who had been killed was Shaqir
24 Latifi. And then here you go on to say: "Sadik Mujota was one of the
25 killed, and he seemed to have a uniform on him." Where was his body
2 A. Up in the mountains. That's what they told me, at least; up in
3 the mountains.
4 Q. Is it true that he was from the village of Malopoljce?
5 A. I know that he's from Mullopolci, yes.
6 Q. Tell me, please, what did the trenches look like, the trenches
7 that you dug out in Racak and the vicinity? What did they look like?
8 A. I was a civilian. We -- with the women and children, we dug the
9 trenches during the night because they were shooting, and we had to escape
10 to the mountains. I don't really know what they were like.
11 Q. All right. But since you dug them out, you had to see what they
12 looked like; how deep they were, how wide they were. How many of you
13 participated in these works?
14 A. I don't know how many people participated. I helped dig them.
15 Fifteen centimetres. Not deeper. Fifty, 50 centimetres.
16 Q. So you say 50 centimetres deep. Were these the trenches that you
17 dug out in December or prior to that time?
18 A. I don't remember the date. I didn't write the date down, so I
19 don't remember.
20 Q. Approximately. I'm not interested in the exact date. I'm just
21 interested in the approximate time. When was it, approximately? Was it
22 beginning of the winter, the end of the winter, before the New Year, after
23 the New Year, quite awhile after the New Year?
24 A. It was before New Year's.
25 Q. And can you tell us how long before the New Year? Was it two
1 weeks, three weeks, five weeks?
2 A. Probably a month and a half.
3 Q. Did you participate in the building of bunkers as well or only in
4 the digging out of trenches?
5 A. I just did the trenches.
6 Q. And who did the bunker?
7 A. I don't know. I don't know. I wasn't up there, I was up there.
8 Q. You claim that Walker and the others from the mission were there
9 when you came back; is that right?
10 A. That's right, on the 17th.
11 Q. So the 17th of January. Or was it the 16th of January?
12 A. The 16th.
13 Q. So the 16th. You say that you came to the village around 10.00.
14 Did you speak to him immediately after that?
15 A. No. I didn't talk, but I saw him and he saw me, but we didn't
16 talk because I wasn't feeling well. And he gestured -- he gestured to me
17 to go home.
18 Q. When was that, approximately? Around 10.00, if I understand what
19 it says here correctly.
20 A. About 11.00 on the 16th.
21 Q. Oh, around 11.00.
22 A. Yes.
23 Q. All right. So he did not speak to you because you were not
24 feeling well, but did he talk to everybody else, to all the other
1 A. He did. He spoke to the other villagers.
2 Q. Did you see him speaking to the members of the KLA as well who
3 were in the village then?
4 A. I didn't see that. I only saw him talking to civilians.
5 Q. Did you see any members of the KLA at all in the village when you
6 came back and when Walker was there? Were there any in the village at
7 that time?
8 A. When I'd come down from the mountains, I didn't see anybody but
9 civilians and Walker, and then I went home. And then I didn't see
10 anything more. Until the 17th, I didn't get up at all.
11 Q. All right. That was on the 16th. Let's not confuse the dates. I
12 understand that this was on the 16th. Isn't that right? The following
13 day, the day after the events that took place in Racak.
14 A. That's right. On the 16th, I came down from the hills on the --
15 at 10.00, and it was then that I went down -- went down to the village and
16 met these people. And then I went back home, and I didn't go out of my
17 house again. I left home the next day, on the 17th, and I left the mosque
18 neighbourhood and went down.
19 Q. And who took Walker and his people, his associates, to the place
20 where the bodies were, the ravine?
21 A. They all came -- they all came, and they went everywhere, and they
22 inspected everywhere, everywhere in the village and in the ravine.
23 Q. So they did it on their own. Nobody took them there. Or did some
24 of the locals take them there?
25 A. Someone from the village took them. One of the leading people in
1 the village took them. I didn't see this.
2 Q. All right. How many of you were there in that group as you were
3 walking towards the ravine? How many of you were there? You were in the
4 house together, you went out, you went up there, you walked uphill, you
5 went to Rance. How many of you were there in this group?
6 A. Twenty-four executed, five of us survived.
7 JUDGE MAY: Mr. Milosevic, your time is now over, and we've
8 already gone and dealt with the incident in the ravine.
9 Mr. Tapuskovic?
10 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.
11 Questioned by Mr. Tapuskovic:
12 Q. [Interpretation] I would like to put just a few questions to
13 Mr. Bilall. Just a few questions, Mr. Bilall.
14 If I have understood things correctly, when you left the yard of
15 Sadik Osmani, the police stayed in the yard. Is that right?
16 A. That's right.
17 Q. Could you please explain to the Court what is the distance between
18 that yard and this ravine where the things that you spoke about happened?
19 A. I don't know how far it is from the Bebush hill to Sadik's yard.
20 I don't know, but it's quite a distance.
21 Q. How much time did you need? Can you tell us that, how much time
22 it took? If it was quite a distance, how much time did you need to get
23 from one place to the other?
24 A. It wasn't all that far. It was -- but it was uphill. It took
25 about 20 minutes, but it was slowly uphill. It was 20, 30 minutes.
1 Q. All this time there was no police and no soldiers near you as you
2 were walking towards that place; right?
3 A. The police remained there in the yard, and they said, "You, go up
4 the hill." And they remained down below.
5 Q. I've understood that. So while you were walking during those 20
6 minutes or so, there were no police around until you encountered them up
7 there; is that right?
8 A. And there were none until we went up there.
9 Q. As you were walking, did you consider the possibility of going to
10 different houses in smaller groups and not going all of you together in
11 the same direction? Did you consider not doing what the police had told
12 you to do?
13 A. No, because we didn't dare. The police said, "Go straight up to
14 the hills." We were all together in a group.
15 Q. I've understood that. Thank you. But I'm interested in the
16 following: You said that your son was wounded in the yard. Was this a
17 serious wound? Was he bleeding?
18 A. He was bleeding a little, but they tied his wounds. The people
19 round about tied his wounds, and he was able to walk.
20 Q. Was he walking with you or what happened to this son of yours?
21 A. He came to Sadik's house with me, and when we went into the yard,
22 thrown out by the police, he was in the yard with me. And there was a
23 boy, Halim his name was, 12 years old, and he was crying. And the police
24 put him up against the wall and asked him, "Which one of you have
25 weapons?" And my son said, "We don't have any weapons. We are civilians,
1 and we have come in amongst these houses to take shelter." And they took
2 this boy Halim and my son, and they put them in another house with the
4 Q. Your son is alive, right?
5 A. Yes, he's alive.
6 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation] The photograph that depicts what
7 Mr. Halil spoke about, could I please tender that? That is photograph
8 number 8. I would like to have it exhibited, please.
9 MS. ROMANO: Your Honour, I think they are already exhibited, and
10 I have here a colour copy.
11 JUDGE MAY: Let's have the colour then, please. Thank you.
12 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation] I'm interested in photograph
13 number 8.
14 JUDGE MAY: Yes. Put it on the ELMO, please.
15 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation]
16 Q. In connection with that, in your written statement on page 3,
17 paragraph 6 of the English version, you said the following: "At that
18 moment, I looked up, up the ravine, and I noticed a policeman squatting
19 and shooting in our direction. I think that he was the most responsible
20 person for the killing of those who were nearest to me. Photograph number
21 8 depicts the position of the policeman who was shooting in our
23 Is that the place from which the policeman was shooting? He was
24 fully in the ravine? He was not on the side, he was at this spot that
25 you've pointed out; right?
1 A. I can't see this.
2 JUDGE MAY: Just look at the photograph beside you. You'll be
3 able to see more clearly.
4 Mr. Usher, would you just -- yes. Put it in front of the witness.
5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] There it is.
6 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation]
7 Q. So that is where the policeman was, the one who was most
8 responsible, the one who shot at you most, right? From that place? He
9 was there, he was fully in the ravine, right?
10 A. That's here where the police shot.
11 Q. No. But the photograph, I mean the way you showed it on the spot,
12 you stood at the place where the policeman had been. That is what you
13 showed the investigators. Not on the side. Not on the place that you're
14 showing now.
15 A. They were here and here. From here, from this point, they came,
16 and from here and from there. But there was a line.
17 Q. Please, sir. Just look at the photograph. This is the photograph
18 that you saw before. This is the photograph that was made according to
19 your instructions. The policeman that did most of the shooting, was he in
20 the gully at the place where you stood yourself while the picture was
21 being taken? He wasn't on the side, right?
22 A. Yes.
23 Q. Thank you.
24 MR. TAPUSKOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honours.
25 JUDGE MAY: Yes. Let the photograph go back.
1 Any re-examination, Ms. Romano?
2 MS. ROMANO: I just have two areas, Your Honour. While the usher
3 is still there, I would like to show another photograph. Photo number 5.
4 And just to clarify, I think we're talking about the Exhibit 156, tab 8.
5 And this will be photo 5.
6 Re-examined by Ms. Romano:
7 Q. Mr. Avdiu, this is the photo where you show the way or the -- the
8 way between Sadik's house and the Bebush hill; is that correct?
9 A. That's correct.
10 MS. ROMANO: This is the wrong photo. Yes.
11 Q. Can you point -- if you can see, can you point to where was the
12 house, the barn and the house?
13 A. Here is the entrance, just here.
14 Q. But in the other photo, can you see the house? Photo 5, number 5.
15 A. This is the house.
16 Q. Mr. Avdiu, where you are standing there in photo number 5 --
17 A. Yes.
18 Q. -- where is the house in this photo? It's downstairs -- down the
20 A. Down below.
21 Q. And that was the place where the policemen were?
22 A. You can't see it here, but it's down there, down below.
23 Q. And there were also policemen on the top of the hill; is that
25 A. On the hill up there?
1 Q. Yes. Or somewhere up on the hill.
2 A. Up there on the hill. The Serbian police was up there on the
4 Q. So they could easily shoot at you while you were going from the
5 Bebush hill to the Sadik's house? Or the opposite, from Sadik's house to
6 the Bebush hill?
7 A. Yes, they could have done if they wished, but they knew -- they
8 knew there was this guard up there on the hill and that they would kill
10 Q. So could you escape while you were going up the hill, you and the
11 other persons that were in your group?
12 A. No. No. Slowly -- we went up there in a line.
13 Q. Thank you. Mr. Avdiu, in the ravine after the shooting, you
14 feigned death, and you remained there for five hours. Yes or no.
15 A. Yes.
16 Q. And it was getting dark, and at that time, you proceeded to check
17 if there were other survivors? Yes or no.
18 A. Those who were behind me survived, and the others were in line and
19 were executed.
20 Q. And that was the time when you saw some bodies, some dead people?
21 A. Yes.
22 Q. And you refer to mutilations. Did you see the police ripping out
23 the heart of Bajrami or did you see the wound on his body after, when you
24 were checking the bodies?
25 A. I didn't see the police tearing out the heart, but after the
1 police withdrew, when I had gone up there, and I saw at there was no blood
2 from a bullet, I saw that his heart had been torn out with a knife.
3 Q. Did you see the knife?
4 A. No, I didn't see the knife.
5 Q. You just saw the wound; is that correct?
6 A. Only the wound. I only saw the wound.
7 Q. And Mr. Avdiu, do you have any medical training or experience?
8 A. I don't understand this question.
9 Q. Did you ever -- did you ever -- have you ever gone to a medical
11 JUDGE MAY: No. I think you've taken this as far as you can. Yes.
12 Thank you.
13 Mr. Avdiu, that concludes your evidence. Thank you for coming to
14 the International Tribunal to give it. You are now free to go.
15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you as well.
16 [The witness withdrew]
17 JUDGE MAY: We will take the adjournment. Is it proposed to call
18 Mr. Abrahams next?
19 MR. NICE: I had understood that the Court wanted to deal with
20 administrative matters. I'm entirely in your hands. Mr. Abrahams would
21 certainly like to get on in order to have a chance of getting away sooner
22 rather than later, but --
23 JUDGE MAY: There are issues about his evidence which it may be
24 useful to discuss at the outset, as to its admissibility, and I have in
25 mind there's a great deal of history in it, which I doubt we will admit,
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 but we can discuss that afterwards.
2 MR. NICE: The position is, so far as the redacted statement is
3 concerned, is that all those whose names had been redacted have now been
4 contacted or are the subject of waiver by Human Rights Watch, and
5 therefore a complete and unredacted statement is now available and I think
6 probably has been served. It certainly can be served.
7 JUDGE MAY: We'll discuss it. The sensible course may be to
8 discuss his evidence when we return. The administrative matters may not
9 be complete because we have only just received your disclosure document,
10 and we require to analyse that as to the dates of the disclosure of the
11 witnesses and as to whether we should give leave for witnesses whose
12 evidence has not been disclosed to be called. That's one of the matters
13 we will have to consider. We're not in a position to deal with that until
14 we've analysed it fully. So it may be matters will be shortened. But it
15 may be convenient to deal with administrative matters and, if there's
16 time, to start on Mr. Abrahams if we admit him. There's an objection, of
17 course, from the accused as to his being called at all.
18 Yes. We'll adjourn now. Quarter of an hour, please. We'll sit
19 again at twenty to.
20 --- Recess taken at 10.23 a.m.
21 --- On resuming at 10.47 a.m.
22 JUDGE MAY: Mr. Nice, let me deal with one matter for which we've
23 just had notification. The accused apparently has to have further dental
24 work next week, on Wednesday. Apparently the appointment is earlier in
25 the morning, and we'll sit at half past nine unless he's not here, of
2 We have suggested, I should point out, that perhaps the dental
3 work could be in the afternoon. Apparently the dentist does not come in
4 the afternoon. So there we are. That's one matter about the timetabling.
5 What it seems sensible to do now is to discuss what we can about
6 your application. We ought perhaps -- perhaps the most sensible way to
7 deal with it is to look at witnesses for next week.
8 MR. NICE: We have an up-to-date list on which I made some remarks
9 myself. It already is provided. Here we are.
10 For reasons that the Chamber is aware of, K12 has to be taken on
11 Monday, or at least certainly started on Monday, I think. So if Mr.
12 Abrahams were to start today and to finish today or on Monday, no problem,
13 but there is a possibility he would have to be wrapped round K12 if there
14 was any chance of K12 not being started on Monday, I think. But we'd hope
15 that they'd both be finished by Monday.
16 That then takes us to Tuesday, and the list you've got is in a
17 slightly different format than mine. Sorry. Let's just see where we are.
18 Then we have -- my calculations is that Mehmeti, Beqiri, and
19 Shabani, might all be dealt with on the Tuesday. K7, who will, when here,
20 testify without protective measures, it appears, is on Wednesday. Hendrie
21 -- incidentally, I know the Chamber inquired about verifiers. This was a
22 verifier, Hendrie. There is one other person who falls into a broadly
23 similar but not an identical position, so there will be at least two
24 serving the purpose that concerned His Honour Judge Robinson.
25 So Hendrie on Wednesday, possibly into Thursday.
1 Now, we don't yet know about the 92 bis status of Zhuniqi, but he
2 could be Thursday, as could Jemini, and possibly going into Friday. Then
3 there would be Popaj and Ramadani. Elshani we feel we may now be able to
4 withdraw in the interest of saving time. And that will then bring us
5 conveniently, if the estimates are accurate, to the 10th of June, which is
6 a Monday.
7 We will, in this process, have passed from Racak to Bela Crkva,
8 but there will be outstanding some Racak witnesses. Walker is not
9 available at the moment. He's elsewhere in the world, a long way away,
10 but we are hoping that he will be able to come on the 11th or 12th of June
11 or thereabouts. There's another man in respect of whom I raised a
12 somewhat oblique request yesterday for a Rule 70 ruling, and I'll be able
13 to timetable his arrival once I know the result of that request.
14 There's then outstanding the possibility of the man Dawkins,
15 referred to by General Maisonneuve, coming. So there are those three
16 witnesses, who will certainly be more than two days in total, I imagine,
17 if Walker is -- or perhaps not -- probably, if Walker is to be
18 cross-examined at any length.
19 That takes us to the end of next week, and then into the following
20 week. Would Your Honour like me to press on, because we've got things
21 timetabled right up until July --
22 JUDGE MAY: It may be convenient.
23 MR. NICE: -- and Your Honour can see what the position is. So
24 again, obviously the further away we get the less likely forecasts are to
25 be accurate, but K6 on the 10th of June, then Walker maybe on the 11th and
1 12th, we hope, with Naumann on the 13th and 14th.
2 That brings us then to the following week, and Vllasi, who has
3 been disclosed, and a witness who could easily last more than one day, so
4 we've marked him for perhaps the 17th and 18th. There's then the child
5 witness on the 19th, although he will not take very long, I think. Hoxha,
6 and possibly Haxhiavdij on the 19th and perhaps running into the 20th. We
7 now being in Djakovica generally.
8 Moving to Suva Reka on the 21st, it would be, with Berisha. And
9 on the same 21st it seems probable or possible one could accommodate
10 Gjogaj and also Berisha, given the strike rate we've been able to achieve.
11 We then come to C40, also known as K35. Now, this is a witness
12 for whom a video application is being made and will be with you almost
13 immediately and who, I think, will be seeking a high level of protective
14 measures, possibly closed session. In fact I think almost certainly
15 closed session. But if he gives evidence, it will take some considerable
16 period of time. So that the first thing that has to be organised is
17 obviously an early resolution of those issues, because it would be a
18 terrible waste of time for them to be resolved in a way that's adverse to
19 his giving evidence only on the morning when there's three days set aside
20 for him.
21 So we must try and timetable, perhaps next week or, at the latest,
22 the week after, any objection - and no doubt there will be objection - to
23 the various measures sought for him. But until that happens, these are
24 the three days set aside for him.
25 JUDGE MAY: Pausing there. He's got a C as well as a K number, so
1 I guess that means he's involved in broader matters.
2 MR. NICE: That's right. And I know the Chamber has the general
3 point that I'm only seeking to call witnesses once, so some witnesses in
4 Kosovo will cover bits of Croatia and Bosnia. And it may be inevitable
5 that some witnesses in Bosnia and Croatia will also be capable of giving
6 evidence about Kosovo.
7 But if I just stay with C40, there is the possibility of one other
8 witness seeking video facilities in the same location as C40. That isn't
9 quite resolved yet. If he does, then -- and if we make the decision that
10 we seek to call him, then it would be sensible to have the two witnesses
11 dealt with together because of the resource implications for Registry and
12 everybody else. And so it may be worth raising at least as a possibility
13 that those three days could accommodate, or those three days running into
14 the next day, could accommodate a further video witness, but that will
15 have to fall for consideration a little later.
16 We then come to C39.
17 JUDGE MAY: We have got no applications, have we, in relation to
19 MR. NICE: No, not yet. These are witnesses whose availability
20 has only recently been determined and whose attitude has only finally
21 crystallized. But I think they will be with you today. I certainly hope
23 C39 is another extended witness and we have provisionally marked
24 three days for him, taking us into the second week of July.
25 Can I just pause there? A general problem: With the 92 bis
1 witnesses who were heard for cross-examination. It's been necessary,
2 obviously, to keep a sort of supply of them here. It's a rather
3 unattractive way of describing it, but so that we can be sure that we can
4 fill available court time whenever time becomes available. We have no
5 other alternative. It is a very expensive exercise. I've been given the
6 figures by those involved, and it's having a serious effect on the budget.
7 One possibility which I must at least mention, although I'm not
8 sure it's appropriate in this case, would be to block out a fortnight of
9 time, have a video in Pristina, and take them all. But assuming that's
10 possible, and it's something that would commend itself enormously to those
11 who have budgetary concerns as one of their major interests, assuming it's
12 possible, it has the grave disadvantage for us that we simply then don't
13 have a reservoir of people we can use to fill up time when witnesses go
14 short. And with the time scale that's been imposed, it's absolutely vital
15 that we use every available second. It may be something that can be
16 considered, but it will come with an inevitable risk that there will be
17 days that there will be downtime, but I mention it.
18 So coming back to where we were. C39, into the second of July.
19 Then we have Petritsch and Sandra Mitchell. I don't think, on reflection,
20 that they need two days each, and so they will -- either there will be the
21 need for 92 bis witnesses there or, alternatively, they can be bunched up
22 a little bit.
23 We then come to Vollebaek, who is thought to be a two-day witness.
24 And then we come to K34, who's going to require protective measures and
25 who, again, is allocated a substantial period of time. And so again, we
1 must consider his application for protective measures as soon as they are
2 properly formulated by him or those acting on his behalf so that if those
3 days are going to be free we can know about it sooner rather than
5 K33 --
6 JUDGE KWON: Mr. Nice, before we move on, is a videolink facility
7 already installed in Pristina? Is it available?
8 MR. NICE: No. But I understand the technology enables it to be
9 made available. I hope so. I mean -- perhaps I should have checked that
10 in advance.
11 JUDGE KWON: Thank you.
12 MR. NICE: I can't say I've actually checked the technicalities,
13 so perhaps I should. We'll try and find that out straight away.
14 K33 is a provisional pseudonym. I'm hopeful that that witness
15 will be available at that time. A very important witness. We trust the
16 provisional pseudonym may be acceptable. If he is able to give evidence
17 then - and he's a witness who will cover more than Kosovo, much more than
18 Kosovo - it may well be that any pseudonym will be lifted at that stage.
19 It may also be the case that that witness will be appropriate to be taken
20 later, but then he will, of course, be taken outside the Kosovo limited
21 period, dealing with --
22 JUDGE MAY: Well, speaking for myself, if -- if witnesses are
23 taken out of the Kosovo time and cover it, amongst other things, that
24 would seem to me to be a perfectly proper course. The important thing is
25 to get through the Kosovo-based -- purely Kosovo witnesses in the time
2 MR. NICE: I'm afraid, Your Honour, that you're going to see, on
3 the timetable that I've set out, that that isn't going to be possible.
4 JUDGE MAY: Well, Mr. Nice, you know the order we've made. The
5 Appeals Chamber have supported the matter. And I think now again I must
6 emphasise to you the importance of finishing this evidence on time and
7 finishing this trial on time. It seems the Prosecution are not taking
8 this matter to heart. You've heard the Trial Chamber yesterday explain
9 that it's not simply this trial. There are other people waiting to be
10 tried, and it's also the credibility of this institution which is at issue
11 here. We see large numbers of witnesses still being produced.
12 I must say for myself I question how many of them are really
13 necessary. I think we do not need, for instance, any more political
14 witnesses. I see the experts that you're seeking to call. I question how
15 many of them are necessary. I notice history evidence, although the Trial
16 Chamber has made it quite plain its view about history evidence, but I
17 notice that Mr. Abrahams purports to cover history, although he can't
18 really have any great knowledge about it. He's not an historian, as far
19 as I know. And then there's sought to be called another witness.
20 The Trial Chamber's view is this: That the Kosovo evidence should
21 finish on the 26th of July, and it's a matter for you how you organise
22 your evidence during that period. It may be that you'd like to reflect on
23 this: That we had an important witness on Racak at the end, the last
24 witness, who was actually a survivor, describe what happened. Now, it may
25 be that that sort of evidence is more important than a large number of
2 Now, it's for your consideration, of course. It's your case, and
3 how you present it is a matter for you, but the Trial Chamber wants to
4 make it plain that there will be time limitations applied to all parties.
5 You cannot have a trial which extends for a limitless period.
6 Since we are on this issue, I can also tell you that we are minded
7 to restrict the time for the accused's cross-examination for the
8 crime-based Rule 92 witnesses to three-quarters of an hour unless there
9 are exceptional circumstances and good cause is shown as to why it should
10 be longer. I mention that so you should know I'm thinking about these
12 MR. NICE: The Prosecution has, of course, taken all the rulings
13 to heart and has responded to them as best it can. It remains of the view
14 that in this extremely large and important case, its duty is to prove its
15 case. Its judgement on the witnesses to be called is reflected in the
16 list that's before you. We recognise the need for public acceptance of
17 what is happening here and respectfully draw to your attention that in the
18 time of the case so far, the time devoted to evidence in chief, on our
19 calculations, is 67 hours and a bit, which is, I think, something in the
20 region of 13 full court days or 14 full court days in a conventional court
21 and does not, in our respectful submission, amount to anything like an
22 excessive period of time. We have a number of problems in presenting --
23 the other figures are these: The accused, on our calculation, until this
24 morning's witness, 92 hours and a bit more. The amici, ten hours and a
25 bit more.
1 JUDGE KWON: Does that include the hours for cross-examination
2 against 92 bis witnesses?
3 MR. NICE: Yes, it does. I have got the figures for the 92 bis
4 witnesses on their own. 92 bis witnesses, those that relate to crime-base
5 evidence. Those that relate to crime-base evidence, five hours and 51
6 minutes by the Prosecution, 26 hours and 14 minutes by the accused, 18
7 minutes by the amici.
8 I'm very grateful -- just before I return to my theme, I'm
9 grateful to the video booth who tell me the following: That videolink in
10 Pristina is possible, but because of the limited equipment, the technical
11 unit needs ten [sic] days' advance notice to get the material there. I'm
12 very grateful for that.
13 Just give me a moment.
14 JUDGE MAY: Yes.
15 MR. NICE: As I was saying, it's our duty to present this case --
16 and I'll deal separately with issues of experts and matters of that sort,
17 but we have to say that not only has the Prosecution, from the first,
18 taken every step at shortening the evidence - not all of them have been
19 approved but they've all been taken and offered - but we very respectfully
20 suggest that although, of course, no case can ever be perfectly presented
21 in the leanest format, certainly the evidence we have presented has been
22 necessary for proof of the case.
23 I'll give you another document in a minute which I promised would
24 come your way at some stage and it will.
25 You cannot prove a criminal case without proving the crimes, and
1 we have, therefore, to call the evidence. The accused doesn't admit them.
2 They have to be proved. The document, let me just distribute that.
3 The Court will remember at an earlier stage I indicated the sort
4 of closing document I'd prepared. This is not something that need be, I
5 hope, registered or anything like that, but you may find it helpful. It's
6 intended to be. It's also heavily marked that it's draft and not for
7 final consideration and perhaps better not to be copied or distributed,
8 but it does that which I said I would be doing from time to time, provides
9 an analysis under the confirmed indictment of evidence that relates to
10 particular topics, and it's in an easily accessible format. It's called
11 "Subject to Errors and Corrections," and you'll see from the front sheet
12 that it's subject to witnesses that have yet to be analysed, and it may be
13 a document that will be a useful working document to set beside other
14 similar material being prepared elsewhere, and we're always open to
16 But you'll see if you look at, for example, pages 2 and onwards,
17 then you have the general allegations which have been covered to some
18 degree, significant degree. The deportation and forcible transfers start
19 at 11, and you can see the way and the degree to which they've been
21 The transfer sites, deportation and forcible transfer sites pick
22 up at page 53. So let's look at one of those just as an example. We have
23 taken, at page 53, a particular paragraph, 63A, and we have set out the
24 evidence in summary form that relates to that.
25 And I respectfully venture to suggest that the Court will not find
1 we have in any sense overproved any of these allegations.
2 Killing sites at 84. For reasons we'll see when I return to the
3 list of witnesses are, of course, at the moment, very substantially
4 empty. 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, because we simply haven't yet had time to get
5 through to that ms aterial. 90 is sexual assault, 94.
6 So I hope the document will be helpful, and I hope it will satisfy
7 the Chamber that there has been no question whatsoever of overproving this
8 case, and indeed if there had been, we would no doubt have been alerted to
10 The allegations in this confirmed indictment were themselves
11 highly -- not selective but highly limited in the number of sites that
12 were referred to. No suggestion of attempting to prove the whole history.
13 Such an exercise would, of course, have been beyond our ability. So we
14 have done our best.
15 And I now turn to the particular problems that face a Prosecution
16 of this sort. We have to prove the crimes. We have done it in the most
17 economic way possible. We sought to have material taken in written or
18 summarised form, and that's been rejected. We sought to have it 92 bis'd;
19 that's been partially accepted, and we started off by calling one witness
20 per site. We respectfully suggest that there is nothing more that we
21 could have done to present this case economically and responsibly. And so
22 the other evidence is what is important.
23 And this brings me to another topic that I was going to raise at
24 some stage but perhaps I can conveniently raise now. Because I fear that
25 it is we who have the experience of preparing these cases and it is, of
1 course, experience that won't be known to others.
2 Cases like this, the overall case perhaps being the largest --
3 yes, the largest case of its kind since certainly the Second World War.
4 Cases like this would be easy to prove shortly if there was one member of
5 the accused's inner circle who was able to come and give fully accurate
6 and acceptable evidence of everything that happened. Maybe the case could
7 be proved almost by the single witness. Life isn't like that. Witnesses,
8 the closer they get to the accused, are the more difficult to approach,
9 the more difficult to use. When we contemplate using them, we encounter
10 the difficulties of the particular adversarial system which is effectively
11 premised on the basis that you have to take a witness in toto rather than
12 saying, "Well, this bit we accept, and this bit we reject and would wish
13 to cross-examine." That may be a course to which we will be driven in due
14 course, but that's the sort of problem that we encounter.
15 Indeed, the system which -- and it's no surprise to hear me saying
16 this, the system which may not in many respects be ideally suited to this
17 category of case, is probably to be contrasted to other systems where
18 witnesses of that proximity to an accused, whether they like it or not,
19 would be hauled before the examining Court and interrogated by the
20 examining Judge or by an advocate, accepting the bits that were acceptable
21 to the person dealing with him and cross-examined as to the balance.
22 Well, again that may be a course, and I'll come to that in a
23 second, that I'll press you to consider. But again, it's not something
24 that happens, and indeed it may well be that witnesses realise --
25 potential witnesses realise, whether they're co-accused or co-perpetrators
1 or just too close for comfort, that if they say only so much that is
2 acceptable and so much that is not acceptable, they may free themselves
3 both from the pursuit of the OTP and also from the risk of coming to give
5 JUDGE MAY: I'm sorry. Let me interrupt you for one moment.
6 MR. NICE: Yes.
7 JUDGE MAY: The 12th of -- the 10th of April, I think was the
8 date. Now, that was the order of the Court which you appealed
9 unsuccessfully. You must work towards it. What we wish to see from the
10 Prosecution is the -- some acknowledgement that they are working towards
11 these orders.
12 When I see a list of witnesses, never numbered, may I say - it
13 would be helpful if they were in future - this list, I suppose, is about
14 80 or 90 long. We have called 67 witnesses, or 64 to date. When I see a
15 list this long, I'm driven to the conclusion that no attempt is being made
16 to comply with the order, but the Prosecution is going on in the same way.
17 MR. NICE: May I -- and I've been equable throughout, and I hope
18 that's been appropriate, and in being equable at all times and always
19 courteous, no doubt shielding the Chamber from some of the stronger
20 feelings that lie in the heart of the lawyers and investigators dealing
21 with this case. And being equable throughout, I cannot deny myself the
22 duty of responding firmly to things that are quite incorrect.
23 The suggestion that we have not been working towards these orders
24 is wholly incorrect and I am inclined to be offended by it. We have --
25 JUDGE MAY: Don't be offended, Mr. Nice.
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 MR. NICE: Your Honour, let me say straight away: We have worked
2 as hard as we can to meet a timetable that the entire Prosecution team
3 regards as unworkable. If we can fit this case into the time that has
4 been allowed - and if I may say so, allowed from the beginning without any
5 particular explanation as to why 90 days or a day in July were the limits
6 - we would have done so. We are doing our level best to meet the
7 requirements of the Chamber, bearing in mind that it's our responsibility
8 to prove this case, and bearing in mind that we will not be arguing that
9 convictions are established if the material before you is inadequate.
10 Can I return to the point you make about numbers? In our
11 application or in our motion of the -- I'll just get the date correctly --
12 2nd of May, we set out with absolute clarity in paragraph 2 the
13 significance in terms of numbers of the development of the trial. I'll
14 just set it out again.
15 Originally, we sought for between 90 and 110 viva voce witnesses
16 and 123 witnesses who would be subject to the full provisions of 92 bis,
17 so that the total witnesses would have been 213 to 233. The Chamber
18 allowed 90 live witnesses with the possibility of calling more on good
19 reason being shown. We made it clear, and I'll just take you to -- again
20 to the figures that by -- if one then counts the 92 bis witnesses, who are
21 now heard for cross-examination, as becoming live witnesses -- sorry, I
22 thought it was here immediately available -- I think the figure went up to
23 about 140. Let's see if I can find it. Now -- I know where it is. At
24 least, I think I know where it is.
25 Yes. I'm so sorry. It's at page 6 in the relief sought. In
1 seeking the variations of orders, 95 witnesses listed which together with
2 the 44 already called gives a total of 139 witnesses.
3 We have at every stage cut back on witnesses we regard as
4 unnecessarily duplicative, and as you saw today, we continue to do so. We
5 find ourselves, and if I can take you and your colleagues back, please,
6 Your Honour, to the list of witnesses we were looking at where I'd got to
7 K33 and the 17th -- 19th of July, it's instructive to note what is left.
8 Now, incidentally, history and politics, perhaps I'd better make
9 some observations about that straight away. History I entirely accept is
10 covered. There's no intention to call Mr. Abrahams, for example, to deal
11 with history. It's in his statement but there is no intention to call
12 him, and you've now had his summary.
13 As to an historian expert, we respectfully suggest one is required
14 in a --
15 JUDGE MAY: We have in mind one for each side.
16 MR. NICE: Yes. Well, Your Honour, I'm entirely -- at the moment,
17 as you see, we've listed possibly two, Dr. Budding and Robert Donia,
18 simply because neither can cover the whole period and Donia covers the
19 last part of the period. But we have in mind that to set a judgement of a
20 case like this in a historical context, and it springs from a historical
21 context, that the Chamber needs to have available to it some work of
22 reference. We also have in mind that Mr. Tapuskovic made it clear right
23 at the beginning of the case, promising a paper that was to be
24 forthcoming, that there were historical issues that he wanted covered.
25 But that is, in a sense, a digression.
1 If we look at where we are on the 18th and 19th of July, if I can
2 take your eyes down the right-hand side column. Yes. If we had to stop
3 there and simply take, in the last week, what were our best remaining
4 witnesses, we would be unable to prove anything in respect of murder sites
5 listed on the right-hand side; Djakovica, passing over the page, Izbica,
6 Meja. Terrible sites where the most terrible things happened. Vucitrn
7 and so on. And in the light of the shape of this indictment, we
8 respectfully doubt that it would be proper for us not to seek to prove
9 those killing sites.
10 If we look over the page a little further and just pass beyond
11 those parts of the indictment to see what else is outstanding from our
12 list and about which we strive to find economies, there are, first of all,
13 I think we come really to the experts. The military expert, you'll see
14 that there are two listed. The financial expert who we hope will be able
15 to cover, either at the same time or in due course, financial issues
16 relating to all the three indictments. We then have some particular
17 insider witnesses you can see referred to, and then, under the heading
18 listed in a very provisional order, various names. The demography expert
19 it seems to us is something that the Chamber would want to have. The
20 constitutional expert we know is something, from interjections
21 particularly by His Honour Judge Robinson a few witnesses ago, is
22 something you will need to have.
23 And you know, it's very interesting for us to find how, over the
24 last several months, witnesses have been reluctant in the extreme to come
25 to this court and to be exposed to the experience here. Not because there
1 is any reason to doubt their testimony but perhaps for some other reasons,
2 and we have, with considerable difficulty, located experts to help you.
3 And they are there to help you. They're both to prove the case and to
4 help the Chamber, to put the Chamber in a position where it can make a
5 proper and sufficiently deep judgement.
6 The MUP expert, whose report will be with us very shortly, is
7 plainly something that will be desirable. Whether he can cross the
8 boundaries of all three cases or three indictments, I'm not sure.
9 Can I then say something, because Your Honours will be getting a
10 feel for the amount of material that the Prosecution say is residual. I
11 explained at a much earlier stage that what we would do in taking every
12 insider witness at the earliest moment and not trying to prove things in
13 an orderly fashion but just trying to get as much in as we could, what I
14 explained was that there would be a residue at the end of the allotted
15 time, and at that stage I would have to make a decision as to whether
16 there was enough, whether I needed to apply for more or some of what was
17 left, which is why I'm showing you what will be left.
18 Can I take you straight away, please, to the very end of the list
19 to tell you something that is very comforting in terms of timetable but
20 also concerning. There are a number of listed witnesses simply listed as
21 R. They are Rule 70 witnesses. They are undoubtedly witnesses from whom
22 you would be interested to hear, but I must tell you at the moment that
23 there are problems with their coming before you, and I'll explain insofar
24 as I can in public session what they are.
25 Rule 70 witnesses require two so-called agreements. First the
1 agreement to provide the information for lead purposes. Second, the
2 agreement forged between the OTP and the providing body or government that
3 enables the witness to come. In reality, they're not agreements at all
4 because the provider simply can say -- or can set its terms.
5 At present, the Rule 70 witnesses forecast there are witnesses in
6 respect of whom I do not feel able to make the requests for protective
7 measures required of me by the provider, and so you will not be hearing
8 from those witnesses, at present, from me. I have to say not only are
9 they witnesses likely to be of considerable interest to the Chamber, but
10 if they become available in any way, now or in due course, they would be
11 likely to take, at the very least, a week but in reality a fortnight, and
12 they -- but there it is.
13 I'm not prepared at the moment to put my name or the name of this
14 Prosecution to the application for protective measures required of us.
15 Therefore, at the moment, they drop from the picture. But there is at
16 least another potential fortnight of evidence there.
17 So Your Honour will see the predicament or the position in which
18 we find ourselves.
19 A word or so again, slightly disjointed, about insiders because I
20 touched upon the problem of insiders or people close to this accused. I
21 touched on the oddity of the system whereby witnesses of a certain kind
22 can effectively bar themselves or may be able to effectively bar
23 themselves from the witness box if they're not to be subject to
24 cross-examination by the Prosecution.
25 It occurs to us, trying to put ourselves, as we always do, in the
1 chair of the Court, that there must be a significant list of names that
2 the Chamber knows it would like to hear from. We know that at the
3 beginning of this case one of the charges placed upon the amici curiae was
4 to advise you of what witnesses you might wish to call under your own
5 powers. For the resolution of this case, that's all three indictments
6 overall. It may well be that it would be appropriate now, or in due
7 course, for the Chamber to identify the witnesses from whom it would wish
8 to hear - I suspect your list and ours would be pretty close, one to
9 another - and to give thought in the particular circumstances of cases of
10 this difficulty in calling them yourself when they would then be subject,
11 of course, to cross-examination by all parties, to full examination of the
12 kind that is somewhat difficult to achieve, because only in this way may
13 we be sure that you will have the evidence. We know the evidence. We see
14 these people. Only then will you have the evidence that is likely to give
15 you the best and arguably the quickest route to findings, proper findings
16 about this case. Meanwhile, we're doing what we can with insiders who
17 have been close to this accused.
18 It's interesting. It's a case where everybody else knows how
19 better to deal with it than those of us who are dealing with it, and tell
20 us how we shouldn't call this or should call that.
21 The first witness to come, whatever people may have said about
22 him, was one of the very few who actually had the courage to come to this
23 court and give evidence. And slowly, witnesses are becoming braver, and
24 the prospects are not entirely gloomy for having more and better witnesses
25 to reveal the full truth of what happened. But it's not something that
1 happens overnight, and we were never in a position in any part of this
2 case to forecast calling a single witness who could prove everything
3 against this accused.
4 So, Your Honour, there we are. Our present position is this: On
5 the forecast we have at the moment, and bearing in mind that we have to
6 prove the crimes and that we have interposed, wherever possible, witnesses
7 of a different kind who may have a more immediate value, we see ourselves
8 by about the middle of July - and subject to some of those three-day
9 witnesses being cancelled or not allowed, things of that sort - we see
10 ourselves in the middle of July being several killing sites short of any
11 evidence, short of the ability to call our experts within the time allowed
12 although they may possibly be capable of being called in other sections,
13 not having the time, even should we have the inclination, to seek to call
14 the Rule 70 witnesses.
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: How many killings sites would you be short of?
16 MR. NICE: I'll just add those up. I think it's about six. I'll
17 just get one of my colleagues to confirm it, but I think it's about six.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Of a total of what?
19 MR. NICE: Six out of 13, I think. It's about half.
20 JUDGE MAY: If everything were equal and you had all the time that
21 you required, how long would you estimate this part of the case to take?
22 When do you think you might finish, if everything were equal?
23 MR. NICE: Certainly. Our calculation, and it's always an
24 estimation because it depends on circumstances outside our control, but I
25 think our estimation is that if we were to prove all the killing sites and
1 assuming that the experts are admitted in the usual short form way, 94
2 bis, the statement goes in and they're simply exposed to cross-examination
3 which is what, of course, we would wish for all probably bar the financial
4 expert, is that we would require another two months, probably, to deal
5 with it.
6 JUDGE MAY: So that would be --
7 MR. NICE: October.
8 JUDGE MAY: September, the end of October.
9 MR. NICE: But within that time, several of the witnesses would
10 have covered areas of Croatia and Bosnia.
11 JUDGE MAY: We would then embark -- there would then have to be at
12 least some time for consideration of, I gather, very substantial material
13 which is being produced on Croatia and Bosnia. Now, how long, at the
14 moment, would you think you will take over Croatia and Bosnia?
15 MR. NICE: Your Honour, I --
16 JUDGE MAY: I recognise you probably haven't got any detailed
17 calculations, but just give us some idea.
18 MR. NICE: Can I before -- not give you a detailed calculation,
19 explain the position and then give you what help I can. Of course, over
20 the last several weeks the Bosnia and Croatia teams have been working flat
21 out, producing the material and indeed producing the pre-trial brief which
22 is served this afternoon. There has also been important and very detailed
23 consideration given to reducing the number of locations which we will seek
24 to prove in Bosnia and making sure that there is consistency of approach
25 between this and the Plavsic/Krajisnik team, and that has led to a
1 substantial reduction. I don't know how many sites it is now. It is in
2 the order of ten municipalities only - I can't remember the exact number
3 now - that we are going to attempt to prove - but I'll have it in a moment
4 from someone or other. Fourteen Ms. Graham tells me, but it's reduced.
5 The witness list, for example, has been halved. That is still, of course,
6 one of the necessarily generous witness lists. So that very, very
7 substantial savings have been made from Bosnia, which is probably the
8 biggest of all the cases yet to be tried.
9 Frankly, the answer to the timetable question, I suspect, will lie
10 in the hands of the accused. Will he take the same attitude towards the
11 perpetration of evidence -- evidence on the perpetration of crimes as he
12 has taken in Kosovo or not? In Bosnia and Croatia, there is of course --
13 in Bosnia in particular, there is the potential for incorporating evidence
14 from other trials where there has been cross-examination, so that --
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Assuming that he does take the same approach.
16 I'm very interested in your admittedly guesstimate as to the length of the
17 Prosecution's case in Croatia and Bosnia.
18 MR. NICE: I fear I would prefer to defer that until Monday,
19 because it is -- I know that you've been troubled, and I use the word
20 neutrally, but -- sympathetically --
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: I'm interested, Mr. Nice, because my own private
22 view is that a trial that lasts beyond a certain length of time cannot be
23 fair. It is very difficult for a trial that is going to last three years
24 to be fair to the parties.
25 MR. NICE: I'm not, of course, against the principle of Your
1 Honour's observations although I can say nothing about the particular
2 figures that Your Honour uses, and although it's not helpful at this
3 stage, we all know of other cases in other jurisdictions which last a very
4 long time. But I would prefer, if I may, to reflect with my colleagues
5 this afternoon, if there's time between now and the final touchings to the
6 pre-trial brief to do so, and bring you an estimate on Monday of how many
7 witnesses may be required to prove the non-crime-base part of both those
8 other trials.
9 Now, whatever estimate I'm then able to give is an estimate that
10 can be varied either up, of course, if one gets additional but irrefusably
11 valuable evidence, or down if one gets evidence of such value that it
12 enables us to limit and reduce evidence we would otherwise have to call.
13 But rather than provide you -- because I know you've had estimates from
14 the Prosecutor and you've even had estimates from me in the past, rather
15 than provide you with a figure that is not accurate, I'd rather deal with
16 it in that way, if that's acceptable to the Chamber.
17 JUDGE MAY: Of course. We cannot spend too long on these
18 administrative matters. We need to hear evidence, and our time is
19 practically up. But clearly it is the overall timetable which is of
20 significance. But the importance of July the 26th is that it will enable
21 us to -- to have time to consider - and the accused and the amici - have
22 time to prepare for the next part.
23 MR. NICE: Of course.
24 JUDGE MAY: If that part of the timetable slips, it means that the
25 whole timetable slips. We're then looking at starting Croatia and Bosnia
1 in 2003, it may be, which cannot be satisfactory. But -- well, we need
2 clearly to reflect on these matters, which we will do.
3 Now, can we deal with Monday? Mr. Abrahams, is it your proposal
4 now to call him live? We seem to have got some sort of summary.
5 MR. NICE: Let me just explain the position on that in a couple of
7 He was subject to the full provisions of 92 bis yesterday, I
8 think, but only in respect of his redacted first statement and his
9 unredacted second statement.
10 Once it became clear that his unredacted statement could be
11 served, I think those procedures have now been gone through this morning,
12 with the helpful cooperation of the Registry. Am I right? So his
13 unredacted statement has now been bis'd, and it would be possible for him
14 to be taken on Monday or Tuesday as a 92 bis witness.
15 We would like that to happen subject only to this point: That one
16 of the important features of his evidence is that Human Rights Watch
17 prepared several reports critical of all parties in this conflict and
18 served them on all parties including the Yugoslav government and, I
19 believe by his e-mail address, the accused himself.
20 The service of those reports, of course, is important in the
21 information it provides to the accused, his government, his embassies and
22 so on, and is probably not covered in detail in the statements in the way
23 that it would be helpful to present it. That evidence could be presented
24 pretty swiftly because the exhibits are available.
25 So we would, of course, for reasons of economy, prefer him to be
1 taken subject to 92 bis and subject to that particular adjustment. He's
2 available. You've now got the summary otherwise. But I will take him, of
3 course, as quickly as I can, and I will not repeat areas of evidence which
4 have been given by many other witnesses already. He's necessary to you,
5 of course -- I say necessary. Certainly highly desirable to you in order
6 that he can give the methodology of the preparation of the book Under
8 JUDGE MAY: Yes. No evidence from him about the history will be
9 admissible. We'll look at the statement and decide how much he's --
10 One final point: I'm told that the witnesses for next week
11 include four witnesses for whom leave to apply to call since they were
12 disclosed or their statements were disclosed, summaries were disclosed
13 after the order - Messrs. Mehmeti, Jemini, Elshani, and Avdyli - I'm told
14 these are all witnesses outside the order.
15 MR. NICE: These were 92 bis witnesses at the time, and it may be
16 that their change of status was not associated with clarification in our
17 minds of the rules that apply to them. I'll deal with it in more detail
18 on Monday.
19 JUDGE MAY: Yes. Mr. Milosevic, our time is up. We are not
20 making any decisions. You can address us in due course on our proposal
21 that you should be reduced for three-quarters of an hour in relation to
22 the crime-base witnesses unless the circumstances are exceptional.
23 Now, unless there's anything you want to raise which must be
24 raised today, we're going to adjourn.
25 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, Mr. Nice spoke for all of one
1 hour, in case you haven't noticed.
2 JUDGE MAY: I know he did, but he was dealing with matters at our
3 request, and they are essentially Prosecution matters. You need have no
4 concerns. Before any decisions are made which affect you or your case,
5 you will have the chance to address us on it. But the matters that we've
6 been dealing with are essentially matters which purely relate to the
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes. But as far as the Prosecution
9 is concerned and the Prosecution case, we state here that there is an
10 enormous number of some kind of secret witnesses. There is a large number
11 that is mentioned here. I have already objected to that, and I think that
12 this is quite untenable.
13 Secondly, I think that at the expense of my time for
14 cross-examination, you cannot give a privilege to the other side and they
15 keep showering materials on us anyway. Gentlemen, do you know that I was
16 told today that I would be getting 50 documents -- 50 boxes of documents
17 and 50 binders? How do you imagine in any kind of proceedings and in any
18 kind of organisation during an ongoing trial, during cross-examination,
19 during preparations for cross-examination, that I can read 50 boxes of
20 documents and 50 binders with this kind of organisation that you have
21 established? Not to mention the fact that for an hour now you have been
22 discussing some list that I haven't got at all.
23 I simply think that, in this way, one cannot work. Therefore --
24 JUDGE MAY: Has the accused got the list? I'm told you have got
25 the list. The list of witnesses, the latest ones to be called.
1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, I got this. This that Mr.
2 Nice proclaimed to be some kind of crown paper, some kind of crown
3 achievement where I see the important witnesses are the person who said
4 for himself that he was a thief, an informant and a criminal, the one that
5 was called K5, and Ratomir Tanic, some witness he was. So if you're
6 trying to prove your case with witnesses like that --
7 JUDGE MAY: Don't comment on the evidence now. We have in mind
8 the amount of material which is about to be served on you. We will
9 consider what we should do about that. We will reflect on that.
10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, today, they said that they
11 were organising a truck in order to bring in these documents.
12 Now, in connection with Abrahams, can I just tell you a few facts
13 so you could think about them? You did not allow an OTP investigator to
14 testify, and this witness is not only an investigator but he also worked
15 on conceiving and preparing the indictment itself. So his entire story is
16 the small scale indictment, actually. Please look at his statement, page
17 4, and page 5. At the end of page 4. "From April -- from April, I worked
18 as an advisor to the Office of the Prosecutor at the ICTY from April to
19 June 2000 and yet again in August 2001. I carried out an investigation
20 and made an analysis for the indictment related to Kosovo against Slobodan
21 Milosevic and others." So this is what he mentioned, that he worked for
22 the OTP on two occasions during those periods.
23 He omitted to mention, for example -- look at page 1, the witness
24 statement of Ibrahim Rugova who testified here. It says here, "Interview
25 carried out by Fred Abrahams in the capacity of OTP investigator." This
1 interview was conducted on the 1st and 3rd of November, and this statement
2 was given on -- in the year 2002. So he could have included the time when
3 he worked as an investigator for that same OTP. He should have mentioned
4 that in his statement or, rather, he decided to keep silent about it.
5 So you do have a man here who worked on preparing the indictment,
6 who is the author of a book called Under Orders, and that coincides with
7 the indictment. This was done on behalf of Human Rights Watch. He's an
8 investigator of the OTP. He interviewed Rugova. Most of Rugova's
9 statement is actually contained in his statement here.
10 So I think that this entire matter pertaining to him was actually
11 put forth by this other side over there with a propaganda purpose in mind.
12 JUDGE MAY: We will -- we will consider that matter in due course.
13 Now, the time has really come for us to adjourn. We will consider
14 the admissibility of Mr. Abrahams's evidence on Monday or Tuesday,
15 whenever we get it. We will adjourn now. Nine o'clock Monday morning.
16 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Could I just ask that I get the
17 order of witnesses for next week during the course of today? Could you
18 please issue an order to that effect; that I get a list with the right
19 order of witnesses for next week today, during the course of today rather
20 than have this done subsequently.
21 JUDGE MAY: If it's not plain, Mr. Nice, perhaps you could get the
22 list to the accused.
23 MR. NICE: The lists have been prepared and served in the usual
24 way, on a regular daily basis.
25 JUDGE MAY: Very well. We will adjourn now.
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 11.50 a.m.,
2 to be reconvened on Monday, the 3rd day of June,
3 2002, at 9.00 a.m.