International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 7814

1 Wednesday, 11 September 2002

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 --- Upon commencing at 9.38 a.m.

5 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Good morning, everybody. May we hear the case,

6 please.

7 THE REGISTRAR: Good morning. This is Case Number IT-97-24-T, the

8 Prosecutor versus Milomir Stakic.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. And the appearances, please.

10 MS. KORNER: Joanna Korner assisted by Ruth Karper, case manager.

11 Your Honours, good morning.

12 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. And for the Defence, please.

13 MR. LUKIC: Good morning, Your Honours. Branko Lukic and

14 Danilo Cirkovic for the Defence.

15 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, before the witness is brought in, I said

16 I had completed my examination-in-chief yesterday. I'm sorry, I forgot to

17 ask one question. I wonder if I may reopen to ask one question.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: The Defence has no objection?

19 MR. LUKIC: No objections, Your Honour.

20 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May the witness be brought in, please.

21 In the meantime, for the transcript, I forgot yesterday to admit

22 the following documents: S323 and S323-1. Hereby admitted into

23 evidence. We discussed it already yesterday. Thank you.

24 [The witness entered court]

25 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Good morning, Mr. Merdzanic. You can hear me?

Page 7815

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Good morning. Yes, I can hear you.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: The Office of the Prosecutor has one or several

3 additional questions. Please.

4 WITNESS: IDRIZ MERDZANIC [Resumed]

5 [Witness answered through interpreter]

6 Examined by Ms. Korner: [Continued]

7 Q. Doctor, just, in fact, one question -- or maybe only one. I asked

8 when you were walking down the street to the centre of Kozarac whether you

9 had been able to see the mosque and you said no. Did you at any time,

10 either on the journey from Prijedor to Trnopolje or thereafterwards when

11 you left Trnopolje and went to Kozorac, did you see -- did you pass any of

12 the mosques?

13 A. On my way to Trnopolje, or rather from the camp, you could see a

14 mosque. I did not pay much attention to mosques at that point. But even

15 while we were in the camp still, that particular mosque was set fire to.

16 And I heard later on that other mosques in the area were also burned down,

17 but I did not see any of those myself, or at least I didn't pay attention.

18 Q. The mosque that you saw on your way either to Trnopolje or from

19 it, which one was that? Do you remember?

20 A. That was the mosque that was near the camp. You could, in fact,

21 see it from the camp itself. I remember I saw that particular mosque.

22 But right now, I can't visualise any of the other mosques I may have seen.

23 Q. The one you could see from the camp, do you know where that was,

24 what area?

25 A. Well, that was roughly to the northwest of the camp. Perhaps

Page 7816

1 500 metres from the camp.

2 Q. And did the area have a name? Or was it part of Trnopolje itself?

3 A. Each hamlet in that area had a name, but they were all part of

4 Trnopolje.

5 Q. And I'm sorry to press you on this, but are you able to say the

6 name of the hamlet where the mosque was that you could see?

7 A. No. But on the sketch we used yesterday, perhaps I could point it

8 out to you, the rough area where the mosque was.

9 MS. KORNER: All right. Perhaps you could have back, then --

10 Q. The sketch you did of where Trnopolje was and the road to

11 Prijedor?

12 A. The camp, the sketch of the camp.

13 MS. KORNER: Right. Okay. In that case, that is Exhibit 321-2,

14 please.

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I remember that mosque because later

16 on we saw it burning.

17 If you can please just blow this up a little bit so I can see the

18 whole thing.

19 MS. KORNER: I'm sorry, we can't see anything at the moment. All

20 right. But the witness needs to see the whole map.

21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I need the whole image.

22 If you take this road towards Prijedor, I think the first street

23 on the right led straight to the mosque. And the mosque was roughly in

24 this area here.

25 MS. KORNER:

Page 7817

1 Q. I'm going to ask you to be given the map of the actual area of

2 Prijedor that I think you looked at earlier and see if you can -- I can't

3 remember what the number is now.

4 MS. KORNER: Yeah, that one. Thank you.

5 THE REGISTRAR: S146.

6 MS. KORNER: Thank you very much.

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know if perhaps you have

8 another map, an even bigger one. The mosque may have been part of the

9 hamlet of Trnjani. At any rate, it was in this area.

10 MS. KORNER:

11 Q. Don't worry, Doctor. I won't press you further. I think that's

12 the best we can probably achieve.

13 MS. KORNER: Thank you very much.

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. The Defence is prepared for

15 cross-examination?

16 MR. LUKIC: Yes, we are, Your Honour.

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Then the floor is yours, please.

18 MR. LUKIC: Thank you.

19 Cross-examined by Mr. Lukic:

20 Q. [Interpretation] Good morning, Dr. Merdzanic.

21 A. Good morning.

22 Q. Did you have a good night's rest?

23 We speak more or less the same language, so I would ask you to

24 please pause a little after my question so that the interpreters could

25 catch up and do their part of the job.

Page 7818

1 A. I'll try hard. If I speak too quickly, please, slow me down.

2 Q. There's no need to worry about that because both the Trial Chamber

3 and the interpreters will be quick to warn us, I'm sure.

4 My cross-examination will not take a particularly long time, and

5 it will not be as strenuous as the examination-in-chief proved to be. I

6 will merely just go through the transcript and ask you to clarify a number

7 of points you said yesterday. As I go along, I'll mention the page

8 numbers and line numbers. We are supposed to do this for the sake of the

9 transcript, but you should not be confused by this.

10 Can we begin, please.

11 On page 7, line 21, you said that you worked in Trnopolje. Does

12 this also refer to the period of April and May 1992?

13 A. Yes, that applies to that period of time, too, April and May 1992,

14 until the moment I was detained in the camp.

15 Q. You lived in Prijedor at that time, didn't you?

16 A. Yes, I did.

17 Q. Before the attack on Kozarac, the conflict in Kozarac, what was

18 the last time you were in Prijedor?

19 A. I can't remember exactly, but I think at the health centre or in

20 Kozarac, there should be some documents because we had our duty hours.

21 And we had duty in Kozarac. And some of us did their duty in Prijedor.

22 Those were night duties. Mine was in Kozarac. And on that particular

23 occasion, I was on duty in Kozarac all through the night. And that's how

24 I was stuck in Kozarac and could not leave Kozarac. I think that was

25 immediately before the ultimatum. Prior to that, I could have left

Page 7819

1 Kozarac.

2 Q. As there was a series of ultimatums, can you just clarify this,

3 please: Was that the day just before the attack or the ultimatum of the

4 16th?

5 A. I have no -- I have no knowledge of there being a whole series of

6 ultimatums. I think this was two days before the attack, two days before

7 the 24th, which means that the day we're talking about was probably the

8 22nd. I did not take part in the negotiations. I can't remember the date

9 exactly.

10 Q. So two days before the attack, you arrived from Prijedor in

11 Kozarac?

12 A. No. Two days before the attack is when people no longer had the

13 possibility of leaving Kozarac which means that probably I had been in

14 Kozarac for at least one day at that time.

15 Q. Was it normal, although you worked in Trnopolje, for you to be on

16 duty in Kozarac?

17 A. Yes, that was perfectly normal because in Trnopolje, there was no

18 night duty. And all doctors in Kozarac did have to do night duties; and

19 as Trnopolje was part of Kozarac, I did my duty -- I did my night duty in

20 Kozarac. And those -- the other ones, they did their night duties in

21 Prijedor.

22 Q. I would like to broach a different subject now. On page 9, line

23 14, the Prosecution asked you the following question: It was a question

24 about the change in the relationship of Serbs, the attitude of the Serbs,

25 towards the Muslims and Croats due to their failure to respond to the

Page 7820

1 mobilisation callups, and also concerning the war in Croatia.

2 You said that those who failed to respond to the callup were

3 hunted done by the military police and that such people were taken

4 forcibly to the front line and that Croats and Muslims often went into

5 hiding because of that. Are you aware that there was an agreement that

6 Muslims and Croats were not necessarily supposed to respond to the callup?

7 A. I never heard of any such agreement, but I know a lot of persons

8 who were hiding and who were even leaving Prijedor to go to distant places

9 to hide. And I know that the MPs came knocking on people's doors to look

10 for them to take them to the front.

11 Q. Can you please tell us, to the best of your knowledge, how many

12 were arrested in this way and sent to the front?

13 A. I don't know. I don't have that information.

14 Q. Can you please provide us with one name of a person who had that

15 sort of experience?

16 A. I can give you the names of those persons who went into hiding.

17 As far as those who were forced to go to the front, I can't give you a

18 single name.

19 Q. Thank you.

20 Page 10, line 3, you speak about Serb soldiers returning from the

21 front failing to return their weapons to the barracks, but rather, keeping

22 their weapons. Do you know if there was an obligation for members of

23 military units who returned from the front to hand their weapons back in?

24 A. I wouldn't know. I just know that they carried their weapons on

25 them and they kept -- they kept those weapons in their homes.

Page 7821

1 Q. On page 11, the last line on the page, you say that at the very

2 beginning, it was possible to leave Kozarac and to pass through the

3 checkpoints. You say there were checkpoints not only around Kozarac but

4 also in Orlovci, as well as along the Trnopolje/Prijedor Road. You go on

5 to claim that after the expiry of the ultimatum for Kozarac, Muslims were

6 from that moment on no longer allowed to leave Kozarac.

7 During your visits to Kozarac from Prijedor, did you see any

8 checkpoints set up and controlled by Bosniaks?

9 A. I have not seen a single Bosniak-controlled checkpoint, nor was I

10 ever searched at any such checkpoint.

11 Q. Is it your testimony today that you did not see the checkpoint in

12 Kozarusa?

13 A. No, I did not see a checkpoint in Kozarusa. Whose checkpoint did

14 you have in mind, Serb-held or Bosniak-held checkpoint?

15 Q. Bosniak-held checkpoint.

16 A. I've seen -- I've seen neither. Can you tell me exactly where

17 Kozarusa is?

18 Q. That's the village just before Kozarac on the Prijedor/Kozarac

19 Road if you travel from Prijedor.

20 A. No, I never saw a checkpoint there, a checkpoint with soldiers

21 looking at people's documents or stopping vehicles.

22 Q. Did you see a Bosnian-held checkpoint in Kozarac itself, about

23 200 metres off the main road?

24 A. A checkpoint, no.

25 Q. At that time in Kozarac, did you see any armed persons?

Page 7822

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Page 7823

1 A. Sometime before the ultimatum expired and in the two days before

2 the shelling, yes. You could see here and there perhaps a uniformed,

3 armed person. Sometimes you could perhaps see a civilian walking around

4 carrying a weapon. And as I've pointed out before, I went to see Cirkin;

5 and when I came there, I saw a group of young men who were carrying

6 weapons. It was not a very large group. I can't say if others were

7 somewhere else. But when I came there, there were, perhaps, about 15

8 young men with uniforms and weapons there.

9 I have to add, however, that I did not spend that much time just

10 walking about Kozarac. I was there to work, and perhaps I could see a

11 thing or two on my way to work or whenever we went to the pharmacy to get

12 the medicines for the clinic. But normally, I did not get to move about

13 that much.

14 Prior to that, however, I did go from Kozarac to Trnopolje to the

15 clinic. I went to work in an ambulance. And I know that to the left of

16 the road, there was a JNA tank; and to the right, there was a bus stop.

17 And JNA soldiers were standing there.

18 Q. How long before the clash in Kozarac did you see that tank?

19 A. I couldn't tell you the exact number of days, but I think from the

20 moment the JNA took over Prijedor.

21 Q. During your stay in Kozarac, did you learn of the existence of any

22 armed groups such as Ramiz's group or Kola's group?

23 A. Ramiz's group is unfamiliar to me. I heard about Kola from other

24 people's stories. People told me that there was a man named Kola, but I

25 couldn't give you any further details on that.

Page 7824

1 Q. Thank you.

2 Page 13, line 11, again, you refer to the moment the ultimatum

3 expired. You say that people were no longer allowed to leave Kozarac.

4 Was there any such order not allowing people to leave Kozarac, or were

5 people just simply afraid to leave? What was it that kept people from

6 leaving?

7 A. Orders by which side?

8 Q. I would like to ask you to please clarify this point for us, why

9 people no longer left Kozarac.

10 A. As far as I know, at the Orlovci checkpoint, people were often

11 turned back. Their IDs would be checked there, and they would be turned

12 back to Kozarac. So this is how they returned to Kozarac and were

13 actually not able to leave the town. This is what my patients told me,

14 including the two pregnant women whose babies I delivered. This is just a

15 piece of information that I heard from others. Whether there was any such

16 order, I don't know. Well, I am sure that there were people who were

17 simply afraid to even try and leave Prijedor as well.

18 Q. At that time, were any entries into Kozarac allowed? Were other

19 people allowed entry into Kozarac from the outside?

20 A. I don't know. I couldn't affirm or deny it.

21 Q. Thank you.

22 On page 22 -- I apologise. Just a moment. On page 24, in line 3,

23 you spoke about the second location of the clinic at the outskirts of

24 Kozarac. You told us that it was a house which was naturally protected by

25 a small hill and wood. You also told us that in that house, there were

Page 7825

1 members of the police force in that house, the police who had already

2 moved in.

3 In those days, do you know how many people -- how many members of

4 the Kozarac -- how many days prior to that had those members of the police

5 force been relocated to that house?

6 A. No, I don't know that.

7 Q. On page 25, line 19, you speak about how you were trying to get a

8 permission to transport the wounded children outside Kozarac. You also

9 told us that this was not allowed to you, that you never got that

10 permission, and you also mentioned the fact that you had spoken to someone

11 for that purpose. Do you know who that person was?

12 A. No, I don't know who the individual was. He never introduced

13 himself.

14 Q. However, after the surrender, it was the wounded who left the

15 Kozarac first at the head of the column?

16 A. Yes. The wounded left the town first. They were followed by the

17 police, and finally by the civilians.

18 Q. Thank you.

19 You made mention of a dead man who remained at the clinic. You

20 also told us that later on, you went back to the clinic but that you did

21 not find him. Do you know who it was who removed his body from the

22 clinic?

23 A. I don't know. It may have been members of his family, but I'm not

24 sure.

25 Q. On page 27, you speak about the killings that occurred in the

Page 7826

1 Sahoric house. You stated that people had been killed by a hand-held

2 rocket launcher. In Trnopolje, did you have an opportunity to talk to the

3 people who had participated in the burial of these men?

4 A. No, I did not. I don't know what happened afterwards. This woman

5 went to see Major Kuruzovic, but I don't know what happened later. I

6 don't know whether this woman is still alive, but I know that she was

7 living in Germany for a while. And I still have her phone number and the

8 phone number of her son. So I think that one could find out what

9 happened.

10 Q. Did she ever mention to you the fact that some of the people in

11 this group had been armed?

12 A. Which group?

13 Q. Of the people who were killed.

14 A. Well, no, she didn't say anything -- she didn't say anything

15 specific. She just mentioned this long-barrelled weapon which was used to

16 fire a rocket and which was hand-held.

17 Q. If you knew that other witnesses in this case had claimed that

18 these people had been killed by an automatic weapon, would you be prepared

19 to accept that?

20 A. I really couldn't say. I was not there. I was not present when

21 this incident took place. I just told you the story of an eyewitness of

22 this woman who told me what had happened.

23 Q. On page 34, you speak about your arrival in the Trnopolje camp.

24 You say that everything was disorganised, that there was no food

25 provided. Is it your impression that the decision to accommodate people

Page 7827

1 there had been taken in a hasty manner, or did you feel that it had all

2 been planned in advance?

3 A. Well, it's hard to say. Both are possible actually.

4 Q. You worked in Trnopolje for a while. Are you aware of the fact

5 that Serb refugees from Bosanska Bojna had been accommodated in Trnopolje

6 prior to the outbreak of the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

7 A. No, I'm not aware of that fact.

8 Q. Were there any Serb refugees from Croatia in Trnopolje in the

9 spring of 1992?

10 A. No, I'm not aware of that. I didn't treat in my clinic any of

11 these refugees at any rate.

12 Q. Likewise, you never heard from other people who visited your

13 clinic there that there was a large number of Serb refugees from Croatia

14 and Bosanska Bojna living in Trnopolje at the time?

15 A. No, I did not.

16 Q. On page 69, you spoke about the fact that Serbs had ethnically

17 cleansed village by village. When you were in Trnopolje, you were not

18 able to know where exactly and in which villages the fighting took place?

19 A. No, you're quite right. We didn't know about the fighting.

20 Q. On the following page, page 70, you told us that whenever Serbs

21 entered a village, they had with them lists with the names of the people

22 that were to be killed. Did you personally ever see any such list?

23 A. I know that sometimes they would come to the camp with such

24 lists. I know that Slavko Puhalic used one of such lists to find

25 Vasif Gutic's relatives. I don't know whether those were the same lists,

Page 7828

1 but I simply told you what I had heard from the refugees of these

2 villages, that is, that they had searched for people according to some

3 lists with names.

4 Q. What kind of function did Slavko Puhalic have in the camp?

5 A. I believe he was Slobodan Kuruzovic's deputy. He was not a simple

6 guard at any rate.

7 Q. Do you know what rank he held?

8 A. I think he walked around without any particular insignia of rank.

9 Q. What kind of uniform did he wear?

10 A. Most of the time, he wore a green and brown camouflage uniform.

11 Q. You also said that Slavko Puhalic had told you at one point in

12 time that a meeting was supposed to be held where a decision to the effect

13 that only 3 per cent of the Muslim population should be allowed to stay in

14 Prijedor was supposed to be reached. Can you tell us when it was that

15 Slavko Puhalic told you this?

16 A. It must have been sometime in July, but I couldn't tell you

17 exactly when.

18 Q. Was anyone else present when you talked, when the two of you

19 talked?

20 A. I believe this conversation took place at the clinic, so other

21 people may have been present. I don't think actually that we were alone.

22 Azra was maybe present, or Dr. Gutic. I don't know. But we were not

23 alone definitely.

24 Q. When you say "Gutic," "Dr. Gutic," you mean Vasif Gutic?

25 A. Yes, Vasif Gutic, medical student. He was not a doctor yet.

Page 7829

1 Q. Did you have an open conversation with Slavko Puhalic?

2 A. What exactly do you have in mind when you say "an open

3 conversation"?

4 Q. Were you friends with Slavko Puhalic?

5 A. No, we were not friends. I mean, we didn't know each other from

6 before. We never socialised; we were never friends, no.

7 Q. On page 72, you speak about a convoy which was organised in

8 Trnopolje and which eventually left for Mount Vlasic. You told us that

9 anyone could join this convoy and that it was not organised on the basis

10 of any lists. Yes, please.

11 A. Finish your question.

12 Q. Did any women and children join this particular convoy?

13 A. Yes, women and children also joined this convoy. I just wanted to

14 add that normally there were no lists made for any convoys, not on that

15 occasion nor before.

16 Q. On page 74, when asked by the Prosecutor as to any preparations

17 that may have been done before the visit of the journalists, you said that

18 there had been a fence set up before their arrival fencing off one portion

19 of the camp where detainees who had arrived from Omarska and Keraterm were

20 placed. I should like to know how many days prior to the visit of the

21 journalists this fence had been put up, if you can remember.

22 A. Two days maybe. Right before the visit of the journalists, at any

23 rate. It had not been there for any longer period of time.

24 Q. But it was taken off before the second visit of the journalists?

25 A. Yes.

Page 7830

1 Q. So how long was it in place, if you can remember?

2 A. Ten days, maybe two weeks at the maximum. One can easily

3 calculate the date of the second visit of the journalists because when

4 they arrived for the second time, it was no longer there. At any rate, it

5 was there for a brief period of time only.

6 Q. However, it was fencing off the area where people who had been

7 brought from Omarska and Keraterm were placed; no other detainees were

8 there?

9 A. Yes, you're correct, at the time when the fence was there.

10 Q. Later, when the fence was taken down, the people from Omarska and

11 Keraterm mingled with other detainees in Keraterm. Is that correct?

12 A. Yes, that is.

13 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I think it's -- the question was one you wanted

14 to state, in Trnopolje, and not in Keraterm.

15 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

16 Q. There is a mistake in the transcript, so let me ask my question

17 once again, although you have already given your answer. I may have

18 phrased it wrongly.

19 Speaking of the people from Omarska and Keraterm, were they later

20 together with other detainees of Trnopolje after the fence had been taken

21 down?

22 A. Yes, that is correct. They were together with other detainees.

23 Q. Did Major Kuruzovic have a house with an office in the vicinity of

24 Trnopolje?

25 A. He had a house very close to Trnopolje. I can show you exactly

Page 7831

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Page 7832

1 where it was on the map.

2 Q. Who stayed in this house?

3 A. I couldn't tell you exactly. He constantly moved around with the

4 Balaban brothers. Slavko Puhalic was also there very often. As to who

5 stayed with him in this house, I don't know. I couldn't tell you that.

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May we please provide the witness with the

7 sketch of Trnopolje. I don't recall the exact exhibit number. I think it

8 was -1 or -2, please.

9 Can you point out on this sketch where the house was located you

10 just mentioned.

11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Here were the quarters of

12 Major Kuruzovic. At the very beginning of the camp's operation, I'm not

13 sure if he was there or somewhere else. But I know for sure that at a

14 later stage, he was spending all of his time there.

15 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: For the transcript, we are discussing now on the

16 basis of -- Madam Registrar, could you please give me the number.

17 THE REGISTRAR: S321-2, Your Honour.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: On the basis of S321-2, on the top of this

19 sketch to the right-hand side. Did you want to indicate the first or the

20 second house to be seen on this sketch?

21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This house with the circle.

22 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: It would be to the right-hand side on the top of

23 this sketch. Thank you.

24 MR. LUKIC: [In English] May I proceed, Your Honour?

25 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please.

Page 7833

1 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

2 Q. Can you please tell us how you learned that Major Kuruzovic was

3 staying in that house? Could you actually see the house? Did you pass

4 the house?

5 A. Well, the sketch is no longer at hand. I used to pass by a house

6 that was closer to where I was staying. But I saw the other house there,

7 and I was told that Major Kuruzovic was staying in that house.

8 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] We'll show you the sketch again so you

9 can show us everything.

10 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I used to pass this house. There

11 were two women here, two women I was supposed to examine. And here, there

12 was a guard post. From Kozarac, you could see this area here. And it was

13 no secret, after all. Everyone knew that Major Kuruzovic was staying in

14 that particular house. I had no need to pass that particular house to

15 know that he was staying there.

16 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: For the transcript, the witness pointed to a

17 house located on the road, to the left-hand side of the road, on the top

18 of the sketch, the second house on the left-hand side.

19 Please proceed.

20 MR. LUKIC: [In English] Thank you, Your Honour.

21 Q. [Interpretation] In that house, aside from Major Kuruzovic, were

22 there any soldiers there?

23 A. There was a guard post right here. As to whether there were any

24 soldiers actually staying in Major Kuruzovic's house, I really couldn't

25 say.

Page 7834

1 Q. Were there any civilians staying in that house?

2 A. No, not as far as I know. Those houses were empty. It was only

3 in this house here that those two women were staying.

4 Q. In Major Kuruzovic's house, were any detainees being kept there?

5 A. Not that I knew. I never went to that house, so I was not in a

6 position to know.

7 Q. Thank you.

8 We spoke about convoys, and we said that no lists were being drawn

9 up for the convoys. However, on page 81, you also mentioned that you were

10 forced to sign certain documents without which no person was allowed to

11 leave the camp. Do you know if those documents had been issued by people

12 from the Red Cross? Were those documents signed by Pero Curguz?

13 A. No, those documents were not signed by Pero Curguz. Those were

14 uniformed persons. We didn't know who they were; they weren't guards.

15 But this only applies to the very last convoy when the camp was being

16 closed down and when I was on my way out. That was the only convoy for

17 which the signing of those documents was required. That was the convoy

18 with the International Red Cross.

19 Q. When you spoke about the obligation to sign over property, to sign

20 over your property to Republika Srpska, was that document signed by anyone

21 from the Serb authorities or from the International Red Cross?

22 A. No. Certainly no one from the International Red Cross. We did

23 speak to the International Red Cross and asked them what we should do.

24 What they told us was: "Just go ahead and sign those documents because no

25 laws will acknowledge such documents, and you can sign it without worrying

Page 7835

1 because those documents would not be used." We had benches put in front

2 of us, and one by one we had to sign those documents. And only after each

3 one of us had signed those documents were we allowed to get on the bus.

4 Q. Aside from the last convoy which you joined and which was

5 organised by the International Red Cross, do you know who had organised

6 the previous convoys?

7 A. The previous convoys had been organised by the Serbs. Kuruzovic

8 would always know about convoys at least a day ahead. And then apart from

9 the guards, there would usually be some military personnel there. There

10 was this man Branko Beric. I think he was a veterinarian technician. With

11 a number of his own people, they would just line up on either side of the

12 road, and then women and children two by two would join the convoy.

13 Q. Did you know that actually those convoys had been organised by the

14 Republika Srpska Red Cross?

15 A. No, I didn't know that.

16 Q. Did you know that a Red Cross office had been opened in Trnopolje

17 as early as the 28th or 29th of May, 1992?

18 A. An office of the Serbian Red Cross was opened -- I can't remember

19 the exact date. But I agree that it was in late May that they arrived in

20 Trnopolje.

21 Q. We saw yesterday that in Trnopolje, you had a camera in your

22 possession. Was the camera yours or did it belong to Azra Blazevic?

23 A. It belonged -- the camera belonged to Azra Blazevic.

24 Q. Were you searched on your way into the camp?

25 A. No, we were not searched upon our arrival in Trnopolje.

Page 7836

1 Q. Did you have your personal documents on you?

2 A. Yes, I had my ID.

3 Q. Page 82, line 13, you said what happened in the old town in

4 Prijedor had nothing to do with the war. You went on to explain that the

5 destruction, the burning of that district of Prijedor, was a result

6 completely unrelated to any military activities.

7 A. Yes, that's correct.

8 Q. Do you know which side members of Bosniak and Croat units had

9 arrived from during the attack on Prijedor on the 30th of May, 1992?

10 A. I heard about the attack when we left the camp. I heard something

11 about the attack even during my stay in the camp. I heard that they

12 passed through those parts, but the houses were bulldozed into the ground

13 long after those activities, long after the military activities in

14 Prijedor had ceased. Kozarac itself was not destroyed during the

15 shelling. But after everyone had already been expelled, that's when they

16 pulled down all the churches and mosques.

17 Q. Did you know about another attack on Kozarac and another attempt

18 by Bosnian forces led by Alagic, Kemal, also known as Divjak, to take

19 Kozarac back?

20 A. First time I hear of it.

21 Q. Thank you.

22 Did you know that the fiercest fighting on the 30th of May, 1992,

23 that is, did you hear about this from the other people with whom you were

24 staying in Trnopolje, that the fiercest fighting took place in the old

25 town and on Partizanska Street?

Page 7837

1 A. I only heard about one single attack on Prijedor. I couldn't tell

2 you the date, but what I heard was that everyone was captured or killed

3 within a single day. We also heard that one of the Serbs there got killed

4 on that day. I can't remember that person's name.

5 Q. Did you know that within the framework of the Kozarac Territorial

6 Defence there was also a medical corps?

7 A. No, I didn't know that. What I did know is that afterwards, they

8 asked us where all the surgeons from Croatia were, that apparently there

9 was a bunker hospital somewhere, that all the surgery equipment was buried

10 underground somewhere. But all those obviously were lies and

11 fabrications.

12 Q. On page 83, line 10, you say you were approached by

13 Mladen Mitrovic. Allegedly he had orders to kill you and to keep you from

14 leaving the camp alive. Did Mladen Mitrovic tell you on that occasion who

15 he had received that order from?

16 A. No, he didn't tell me. And I'm not sure whether he was just out

17 to intimidate me or whether he really meant what he said. Speaking of

18 which, I forgot to say that Mladen Mitrovic had taken five people out of

19 the camp and killed them, unregistered people.

20 Q. The last incident you have just described, was that also a result

21 of an order, or was it Mladen Mitrovic acting of his accord?

22 A. Let me explain this: The military or the military police, I think

23 they had white belts, they arrived in a military vehicle from Prijedor

24 with five people, and these five persons were then handed over to the

25 guard in Trnopolje. They put them up in the local commune building.

Page 7838

1 After that, a man wearing a military uniform arrived in a civilian

2 vehicle and entered that room with Mladen Mitrovic. They beat those

3 people for a very long time, and then they took them outside the building

4 one by one towards the pond. And they kept beating them on their way to

5 the pond, and eventually killed those people down there. That's what we

6 heard. I'm not sure, but we heard that Major Kuruzovic was fishing at the

7 pond at that time, and that he had actually made the decision to have

8 those people killed because they had not been registered up to that point.

9 Q. Were all the other people in Trnopolje registered?

10 A. Yes, at that time already. But there were three registered

11 persons who were taken to Kozarac for forced labour.

12 Q. Did you ever see the video footage made by Penny Marshall about

13 the inmates of Trnopolje?

14 A. I suppose I did, yes. Whether there was more, I don't know. But

15 I certainly did see some of her footage.

16 Q. That was shown before the Court here, so we don't want to waste

17 time on this now. But let me just ask you the following question:

18 Penny Marshall went into the fenced-off area of the construction material

19 shop that was fenced off with barbed-wire, and she was taking footage of

20 people inside the camp -- inside the fencing, the barbed-wire fencing. Is

21 that correct?

22 A. No, that's not correct. Let me explain this to you. When

23 Penny Marshall came, the inmates from Keraterm had already been brought

24 there. If you show me sketch number 2, perhaps I can explain everything

25 to you. It's a sketch just like this one, but a different one.

Page 7839

1 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: [Previous translation continues]... Sketch

2 number 2 on the ELMO, please.

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, that's the one.

4 The first time Penny Marshall came, the inmates from Keraterm were

5 here. And the fencing stretched from the big hall, and then this stretch

6 of the fencing had been there before. This is the fence next to the

7 shop. And then a fence was put up here, and the inmates she filmed were

8 inside this area here which was fenced off. She came in through the

9 fence, and she was inside the fencing surrounding the shop.

10 At that time, the large convoy from Omarska which was later put

11 here had not arrived. So she was filming from this fenced-off area -- she

12 was filming a different fenced-off area. I'm not sure if the Prosecutor

13 has those films, but I have pictures showing exactly the positions of

14 those inmates.

15 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I please ask the witness to mark on the

16 document before you the exact position of this fence you mentioned. And

17 then let us take this document --

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This sketch here, I marked it as

19 number 3. It's the dotted line here. Here is where the hall was, and

20 then a fence was put up here. This fence had been there already. And

21 this fence was then made for the inmates from Keraterm. So it was

22 completely fenced off.

23 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: You have a marker in your hand. Could you

24 please mark this line once again with the marker. Yes.

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This is the fence that had been put

Page 7840

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Page 7841

1 up at some time -- some time earlier.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please proceed.

3 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

4 Q. So your testimony today is that in addition to the fence facing

5 the person filming on that video footage, we should also be able to see

6 the lateral fencing.

7 A. I only said that I saw a tape in which, yes, you can see. I was

8 at a trial in London, and we were talking about that particular fence. We

9 had video footage showing fencing from all sides.

10 Q. The lateral fence you've just mentioned, how high was it, can you

11 tell us, please?

12 A. Do you mean this one here?

13 Q. Yes.

14 A. The fence on the side, well, the highest part of the fencing, the

15 one that belonged to the fence, was over 2 metres high. And the one I'm

16 talking about may have been about a metre and a half. I think the one on

17 the other side was even lower, perhaps up to my chest, but certainly not

18 2 metres.

19 Q. This fencing stretched all the way to the dom building, the

20 community centre building?

21 A. Yes.

22 Q. It surrounded the community centre, and then the right-hand

23 stretch of this fencing and the fencing surrounding the shop, that was a

24 closed circle, the fencing, wasn't it?

25 A. Yes, indeed it was.

Page 7842

1 Q. Can you please explain then how the women and children entered the

2 community centre, the dom, if the gate was made of wire?

3 A. Let me explain this. Women and children were not in the cultural

4 centre at all. Before the journalists came, there was a convoy which the

5 women and children joined and left the camp. Some of the men left with

6 that convoy, too. The remaining women were put up on one of the upper

7 floors where the offices of the football club used to be, and then there

8 was a flight of stairs on the outside of the building which you could see

9 to reach the upper floor. And then the camp inmates from Keraterm, who

10 had arrived from Keraterm, they could enter this hall here. And in this

11 hall, there were just male inmates and no women.

12 Q. Were the camp inmates, the male camp inmates, allowed to enter the

13 community centre?

14 A. Yes, they were. They were allowed to enter the big hall.

15 Q. And what about the women and children? Where were they

16 accommodated?

17 A. On the upper floor where the offices of the local football club

18 used to be.

19 MR. LUKIC: [In English] It would be a convenient time, Your

20 Honour.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Yes. Before the break, could the witness please

22 mark with the marker he has in his hands all the areas where there were

23 fences, and please indicate those fences that were, according to your

24 testimony, pulled down for the one or other purpose so that we are aware

25 where there was normally a fence in addition to that what you marked

Page 7843

1 already.

2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The fence made specially before the

3 arrival of the inmates from Keraterm that is this stretch here, this

4 stretch here, and this stretch here. The fence that had already existed

5 went all the way around. I think it had a hole here, and another hole

6 there. Afterwards both these fences were taken down, both of them.

7 This part of the fencing here, the construction material shop, it

8 was also a wire fence. But the poles were made of steel. And this fence

9 here made by the inmates had wooden poles.

10 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: So could you please, because it's difficult to

11 understand from the transcript, mark especially the part of the fence that

12 was pulled down sometimes by crossing this part of the fence. And then

13 additionally, also with a marker, mark the other parts of the fence. But

14 first, the part of the fence which was sometimes pulled down.

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't quite understand, Your

16 Honour. What do you mean by "sometimes pulled down"?

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: You mentioned that -- you just pointed to this

18 area that for the purposes of --

19 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The interpretation I got was "fence

20 taken down." So I didn't quite get the translation.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: You mentioned earlier that on several occasions,

22 a fence was pulled down. And could you please indicate the distinction

23 between what one could call a permanent fence and a provisional fence.

24 You made, just some minutes before, the distinction yourself.

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Precisely. The fence that had been

Page 7844

1 there, that's this fence here.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Could you please mark it.

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] There's a dotted line representing

4 that fence. Dot line, dot line, dot line. That's how I marked it on my

5 drawing. Every fence is marked in a different way. Dot line, dot line.

6 So this is the fence that had been there from before.

7 The fence that was made immediately before the arrival of the

8 inmates just has lines and no dots.

9 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, may I make a suggestion, that be marked

10 in one colour and the other in another. It may become a little bit

11 clearer.

12 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Yes. Do we have for the other one, yes. Blue?

13 THE WITNESS: [Marks].

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please, once again, what you are marking now

15 additional in blue. That's which fence?

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I circled this in blue now. That's

17 the fence that was put up immediately before the arrival of the camp

18 inmates from Keraterm.

19 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

20 Any additional? We can see a little bit higher on the same sketch

21 also such a line. Does this mean that there was also a kind of fence?

22 This one, yes.

23 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] You mean this one here surrounding

24 the school building. That's also another fence that had been there

25 earlier. It was a very small, low iron fence. There was another very low

Page 7845

1 fence here.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Could you mark it, please.

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Outside the clinic courtyard.

4 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Those fences you just mentioned.

5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This is the gate. I think it

6 stretched up to here somewhere. And then the school building fence here,

7 there was a gate, and here there was a fence surrounding the school

8 building. There was another gate here, I think, through which you could

9 pass.

10 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

11 Any additional remarks to this sketch by the parties, or

12 questions? This is not the case. Then this document previously marked as

13 S324 will be with the additional marks on it now Exhibit Number S324-1.

14 And may we please ask the Office of the Prosecutor to provide the parties

15 and the Bench with colour copies of S324-1, and the registry, please, not

16 to be forgotten.

17 The trial stays adjourned until 11.40.

18 --- Recess taken at 11.07 a.m.

19 --- On resuming at 11.50 a.m.

20 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please be seated.

21 And the Defence may proceed, please.

22 MR. LUKIC: Thank you, Your Honour.

23 Q. [Interpretation] Dr. Merdzanic, I should like to show you a video

24 footage, and then later on ask you if you can clarify for us which fence

25 exactly we are talking about. I think that some of the fences will be

Page 7846

1 visible on the footage.

2 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Can we now play the video, please.

3 MS. KORNER: Say it again.

4 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] If you need to make a comment, Doctor,

5 please, let us know and we will stop the video.

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: But first of all, let's start the video, please.

7 [Videotape played]

8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop.

9 This here is the fence connecting the big hall, and this section

10 here. This is the fence I was talking about, the one on the side which is

11 connecting the large hall and the fence which is separating the area of

12 the construction material shop.

13 Can we continue.

14 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

15 Q. Can we, therefore, conclude that the fence was about waist high,

16 or slightly higher, 10 centimetres or so?

17 A. Depending on the height of the person, of course.

18 Q. And that it was not made of barbed-wire but of mesh wire?

19 A. [No Interpretation].

20 MR. LUKIC: [In English] Can we continue now, please.

21 [Videotape played]

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop, please.

23 This fence here that we see in front of us is the fence of the

24 shop, I think. And the one leading further on is the one fencing off the

25 road. But I think we will see it in a minute.

Page 7847

1 Can we continue, please.

2 [Videotape played]

3 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May we stop here --

4 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop.

5 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Just for clarification. This is correct, that

6 we can see a barbed-wire fence?

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I think that this is the fence which

8 you can see here on the south side of the area.

9 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

10 Q. Was this fence in place before surrounding the area much the

11 construction material shop?

12 A. Yes, it is. It was there before. You also have footage showing

13 Penny Marshall -- I don't think you can see it here, but you can see it on

14 the other footage, the moment that she entered the area on this particular

15 spot here. Perhaps we will see it later on this video.

16 MR. LUKIC: [In English] Can we proceed, please.

17 [Videotape played]

18 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, I think, I'm sorry, because of the lack

19 of time we have a number of different versions of this film,

20 unfortunately. I looked at one which does show the fence, I think, that

21 the doctor is talking about. It is bad quality. This one I don't think

22 is going to help.

23 The video technicians have in the booth another video which has

24 been set up in the right place. It's 0910. I wonder if that can be

25 inserted and we will see, I think, what the doctor is thinking of.

Page 7848

1 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: But first of all, Defence should --

2 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please, Your Honour.

3 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: First of all, the Defence should have the chance

4 to continue on the basis of their contribution.

5 Do you want to make any additional comments to the video we are

6 playing right now?

7 MR. LUKIC: Obviously that it's not easy to work with this video,

8 so we will move on and try to clarify and to ask questions about some

9 photographs. And if we find better video, maybe it would be possible to

10 clarify some other questions regarding the fences.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Can you agree that we continue with the video

12 ready for being played right now?

13 MR. LUKIC: I don't think that it's possible to work on that

14 video, based on that video.

15 MS. KORNER: On this one.

16 MR. LUKIC: On this one, yes.

17 MS. KORNER: I think if Mr. Lukic doesn't mind, it may help him

18 and the doctor if we just try and insert the other video.

19 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Do you agree?

20 MR. LUKIC: Yes.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: So please, let's work on the basis of the other

22 video. Could it be played right now.

23 [Videotape played]

24 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] May we rewind a little bit, please.

25 Stop. Stop.

Page 7849

1

2

3

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6

7

8

9

10

11

12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Page 7850

1 This is the fence alongside the road, this one here. These are

2 the soldiers standing on the road. This fence is not the one surrounding

3 the construction material shop, but the one leading further above. What

4 we're still lacking is the photograph of the area above, but I haven't

5 seen an image of that area. I don't think it can be found. So we have

6 three sides of this fenced-in area established. But as for the fourth

7 side of the area, I don't think I've ever seen a video or a photograph

8 showing that part.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May we just, for clarification, ask for

10 rewinding to the beginning of this clip, that you may comment on this.

11 Please rewind to the beginning.

12 [Videotape played]

13 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Stop.

14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This is probably -- it is a

15 close-up, but we can see that this is the same kind of the fence as the

16 one we saw a moment ago but which was not -- it did not have the added --

17 don't have barbed-wire added to it, the one alongside the road. It did

18 not have the barbed-wire added on top of it. But I don't think that it

19 makes any significant difference. The fence was made of the material that

20 was available.

21 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

22 Q. As for this fence where we can see barbed wire, is this a part of

23 the fence which had been in place and which surrounded the construction

24 material shop on the south side?

25 A. What we see right now, yes, I think that this is the one on the

Page 7851

1 south side of the area. But the one that we saw a moment ago with those

2 soldiers standing on the road, you will see it -- you can see it -- I

3 think it has the same barbed wire on top of it. We can have a look at it

4 again.

5 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Would you please play the video again.

6 [Videotape played]

7 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Continue, please.

8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It's gone now.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Stop. And rewind a little bit.

10 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, Your Honour, please.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Stop and rewind a little bit.

12 [Videotape played]

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop, please. I think that this is

14 the fence. These are the soldiers standing on the road, and this is the

15 fence going alongside the road. You can see that there is a barbed wire

16 on top of it. But I don't think it's very important.

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: The Bench wants to leave it to the parties to

18 provide us with the necessary stills if they regard it necessary for the

19 purpose of evidence. Thank you.

20 MR. LUKIC: [In English] Thank you, Your Honour. So we won't be

21 needing this video any more. Thank you.

22 I would like the usher to present to the witness S321-4, please.

23 6 and 7. Would you put it on the ELMO, please.

24 Q. [Interpretation] You say that the man who is lying next to this

25 paramedic is one of the patients, one of the inmates.

Page 7852

1 A. Yes. That is correct. He spent one night at the clinic. I think

2 that this was early on immediately after our arrival in Trnopolje.

3 Q. I wanted to ask you the following: On this photograph, we see

4 that the man is shaven.

5 A. Which man do you have in mind?

6 Q. The patient.

7 A. All I can see is that his hand is on his face, so I cannot really

8 tell whether he's neatly shaven or not. At least not on the basis of this

9 picture.

10 Q. You see the part of the face where the moustache is?

11 A. Well, I don't know how old this person is. I am sure that it was

12 a very young man. I'm not even sure whether he had already started

13 shaving at all.

14 Q. Thank you. S321-6, please.

15 On this photograph we see the lady whom you called Babica. Is

16 that correct?

17 A. Yes, the upper photograph is showing Babica.

18 Q. We see that she is covered with a blanket.

19 A. That is correct, with a blanket.

20 MR. LUKIC: [In English] May we see now S321-7, please.

21 Q. [Interpretation] When taking these photographs, did you use a

22 flash? At least, this is the impression we get by watching this

23 photograph.

24 A. It is possible that we used a flash, yes. Azra should know

25 whether this camera has a flash or not. But it is possible that we used

Page 7853

1 it.

2 Q. However, you told us that you took these photographs secretly. Is

3 it possible for him not to have noticed your taking a photograph of him?

4 A. Of course it is. He was in a very bad shape. His eyes were so

5 swollen that he couldn't see anything almost. If you have a closer look

6 at his mouth and his nose, you will see how swollen they are. This man

7 obviously didn't know where he was. He was half conscious.

8 Q. Is it your testimony, therefore, that when taking photographs of

9 your patients with a flash, you didn't think that they would know that

10 they were being filmed?

11 A. Well, we were not sure, of course, but it was our assumption that

12 they would not notice.

13 Q. Thank you.

14 MR. LUKIC: [In English] May we now see S321-14, please.

15 Q. [Interpretation] This man here, you said that he had spent a long

16 time in Trnopolje. Do you know what his name was?

17 A. No, I don't know his name. But I think he was from the village of

18 Trnjani, from that area. When you go from Trnopolje to Prijedor, the

19 village of Hrnici, I think there's a village there called Hrnici along the

20 road leading from Trnopolje to, well, yeah, I think it's the village of

21 Hrnici. If I could just have a map to have another look.

22 Q. Did you ask him about his name when you examined him?

23 A. I even know we knew his name, but I did not memorise it. There

24 may be other witnesses who do remember, but those people who were with me

25 there certainly know his name.

Page 7854

1 Q. Thank you.

2 MR. LUKIC: [In English] May we now see S15-15.

3 THE REGISTRAR: It's S15-15.

4 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

5 Q. Do you know whether this group of people had arrived from Keraterm

6 or Omarska, or were these people inmates at Trnopolje also?

7 A. The man in the forefront is one of the persons who had been

8 transferred from Keraterm or Omarska. I don't know him. I didn't see him

9 there. As for the others, I really couldn't say.

10 Q. Can you please try to remember if this photograph was taken when

11 the persons from Keraterm and Omarska were being kept apart from everyone

12 else in Trnopolje, or can you not remember?

13 A. This photo was taken later, after the arrival of the journalists

14 when the fence had been taken down and when other journalists and

15 photographers began to arrive and take pictures. So this was definitely

16 taken by a journalist. This photograph was not taken by one of us.

17 Q. It's quite obvious, if you look at the photo, that aside from this

18 man in the foreground here who looks emaciated, all the other people in

19 the background look regularly or well-fed. Would you agree with that?

20 A. Yes, indeed, I do agree. But if you remember the video where you

21 can see the people behind the fence, you will probably agree with me that

22 those people look severely underfed, don't they?

23 Q. Dr. Merdzanic, I hereby conclude my cross-examination. I thank

24 you sincerely for answering our questions. I wish you a safe trip back to

25 wherever you live.

Page 7855

1 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. May I ask the Prosecution, do you

2 have any further questions?

3 MS. KORNER: No. Thank you very much, Your Honour.

4 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: It's limited what we have as questions.

5 Questioned by the Court:

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I ask you, I know you mentioned this

7 earlier, when you stayed in Trnopolje, was the camp ever visited by

8 high-ranking military persons or high-ranking politicians, to the best of

9 your knowledge?

10 A. You mean Serbs?

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I don't want to make this distinction.

12 High-ranking military personnel or politicians from where and which party

13 soever.

14 A. Yes, a military delegation came with a high-ranking officer. I

15 don't know what his name was. That was a group of Serb officers. There

16 was another man with them wearing plainclothes. He was not from

17 ex-Yugoslavia at all. I can't remember now. He was an important

18 politician or a delegate. He was quite tall. And he was accompanied by a

19 lady translator, interpreter. I can't remember his name.

20 I think that was the highest ranking and most influential

21 delegation to have arrived in Trnopolje. There were a number of

22 journalists later on who came and went. But I think that military

23 delegation with high-ranking officers and an officer who may have been an

24 American officer or a representative of the United Nations; I can't tell

25 you who he was.

Page 7856

1 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: To the best of your recollection, could you tell

2 us, was it in the beginning or in the middle or by the end of the period

3 of time you had to stay in Trnopolje?

4 A. That was quite certainly after the visit of the journalists. I

5 don't know if the International Red Cross had already arrived or not. But

6 it may have been at some point in August, perhaps mid-August.

7 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: And to be on the safe side, I previously asked

8 for high-ranking military personnel or politicians. Was there ever any

9 other delegation or a visit by other military personnel or politicians in

10 Trnopolje?

11 A. Well, I can only talk about the clinic, so it was that delegation

12 that I've already referred to. I think on one occasion, a human rights

13 expert, an American, I think came too. I believe there was another

14 delegation visiting the camp, but they didn't visit the clinic. I can no

15 longer remember.

16 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

17 May I now turn to another issue. I didn't understand what you

18 told us this morning. It may be my mistake, on page 21, line 4. You

19 said: "I heard about the attack. When we left the camp, I heard

20 something about the attack even during my stay in the camp. I heard that

21 they passed through those parts, but the houses were bulldozed into the

22 ground long after those activities, long after the military activities in

23 Prijedor had ceased. Kozarac itself was not destroyed during the

24 shelling, but after everyone had already been expelled. That's when they

25 pulled down all the churches and mosques."

Page 7857

1 Could you please try to make a distinction, to the best of your

2 recollection, what did you -- in what condition did you see Kozarac the

3 last time you yourself had seen Kozarac?

4 A. You saw our clinic. Its walls were shell pimpled, and the windows

5 were shattered. And the roof was burned through by a shell. So that was

6 the type of damage we had. After I left the camp, I saw pictures of

7 Kozarac that were taken at a later stage. And you could see the whole

8 street leading from the junction outside Kozarac, I saw buildings in those

9 photographs completely destroyed which was not the case when we were

10 leaving Kozarac.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: So to be quite clear, you saw Kozarac, the

12 buildings, destroyed in part, and then later on, for what purposes soever,

13 it was bulldozed down that there was no reminder. Is this correct?

14 A. I'm not sure if they used bulldozers or if Kozarac was mined, but

15 I know that in the old town they did indeed use bulldozers.

16 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: And once again, the same question with respect

17 to the old town. Is it correct that first the old town was destroyed and

18 houses there were destroyed in the same manner as you just mentioned as

19 with respect to Kozarac, and then later on everything was, yeah, be it

20 bulldozed or in what way soever prepared that there could be seen no

21 reminder of this part of Prijedor? Would this be correct?

22 A. Yes, quite correct. As far as I know, the attack on Prijedor,

23 they just passed through, and the clashes took place in the town itself.

24 So in the old town, there wasn't nearly as much damage as in Kozarac

25 during the shelling. And the attack finished. Those young men were

Page 7858

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Page 7859

1 captured or killed. And in the old town, the houses were completely

2 preserved with civilians still living inside those houses. I'm telling

3 you all this because my sister's husband was still staying there.

4 And then they were all taken away and taken to the camps. After

5 the houses had been looted, I had some construction materials in my house,

6 for example, and they took those things away in lorries. So whatever they

7 couldn't destroy by bulldozing, they simply burned the foundations of

8 those houses, but that was quite a while after the original attack.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Did you see the old town personally after the

10 attack?

11 A. No, not personally.

12 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: This is based on that what you heard from

13 neighbours and relatives. Correct?

14 A. Yes, that's correct.

15 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

16 May we, for a moment, go into private session, please.

17 [Private session]

18 (redacted)

19 (redacted)

20 (redacted)

21 (redacted)

22 (redacted)

23 (redacted)

24 (redacted)

25 (redacted)

Page 7860

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12 Page 7860 redacted private session.

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Page 7861

1 (redacted)

2 (redacted)

3 (redacted)

4 (redacted)

5 (redacted)

6 (redacted)

7 (redacted)

8 (redacted)

9 (redacted)

10 (redacted)

11 (redacted)

12 (redacted)

13 (redacted)

14 (redacted)

15 (redacted)

16 (redacted)

17 (redacted)

18 (redacted)

19 (redacted)

20 [Open session]

21 JUDGE VASSYLENKO: On the video we could see today, we could see

22 one guard in civilian clothes. In this regard, I would like to ask you:

23 Who ran the camp? Militaries? Paramilitaries? Police? Or whosoever?

24 A. Major Kuruzovic, at least as far as I knew, was in charge of the

25 camp. And he would come to the camp wearing military uniform. Before the

Page 7862

1 war, he was a civilian. He was not an active military officer. They

2 called him "Major" which means that he probably had the rank of major. He

3 was always wearing a uniform. But before the war, I repeat, he was not an

4 active military officer.

5 I think he was a teacher, a primary school teacher, or something

6 like that.

7 JUDGE VASSYLENKO: And what about the rest of the camp personnel,

8 who they were?

9 A. They were all wearing military uniform. The only exception was

10 Dr. Dusko Ivic and Mica. Sometimes they wore a military uniform, but

11 sometimes they would just come in wearing plainclothes. The Serbian Red

12 Cross, they were also wearing plainclothes, not military uniform.

13 JUDGE VASSYLENKO: And to the best of your knowledge, the Major

14 Kuruzovic and other military personnel, whom they were subordinated to,

15 the authorities in Prijedor or the authorities in Banja Luka?

16 A. I don't know about their hierarchy, how it was organised, the

17 chain of command. It must have gone through Prijedor, and then Prijedor

18 probably cooperated with the higher levels. But this is merely my own

19 opinion. Perhaps they were in touch. Probably they weren't in touch

20 directly with Karadzic. Probably first they went to Prijedor, and then

21 from Prijedor on to the higher levels of decision-making.

22 JUDGE VASSYLENKO: Hvala, I have no more questions.

23 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, there's only one thing that arises out

24 of Your Honours' questions that's really this. We do have a video of

25 Kozarac - I think it was played in opening - taken in November 1992. I

Page 7863

1 don't know whether before the witness leaves, Your Honour would like him

2 to --

3 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I think it would be an excellent idea.

4 MS. KORNER: I don't know whether Your Honour wants to adjourn now

5 for the break. We need to hunt it down. That's the problem.

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Yes. But the witness shouldn't be waiting for

7 such a long period. If we could start now, I have one additional

8 question. Maybe the Defence does as well. If Mr. Koumjian could come

9 immediately, this would be excellent.

10 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, we ought to because I think I played it

11 in opening. If somebody can just find the tape that I played in opening.

12 I don't know whether it went to the Court after that. No. All right, we

13 are doing a search at the moment.

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I, in addition, ask you, no doubt, it's for

15 the Judges to decide finally on the criminal responsibility of

16 individuals. But nevertheless, no doubt, you yourself have, when

17 recalling all these incidents happening in the area of Prijedor, Kozarac,

18 Trnopolje, what is your personal view? Who is responsible from your point

19 of view for that what happened in the area in 1992?

20 A. I believe it was planned years ahead. Most probably the planning

21 by the Serbs started with Milosevic, and those plans must have been

22 revamped when the disintegration of Yugoslavia began, when the war broke

23 out, when clashes started breaking out. I think top-level Serb

24 politicians were war-mongering and using propaganda to persuade their

25 people to oppose the Muslims and Croats.

Page 7864

1 It took some persuasion to convince my Serb neighbour with whom I

2 had lived my whole life that I was suddenly his enemy and that I was to be

3 killed. I don't understand how else this could be done. I must say that

4 there were Serbs who helped us, those who could.

5 But they were forced to take up arms and to fight alongside with

6 the other Serbs because they could either join them or oppose them. There

7 was no middle ground. I remember an elderly man who came to work as a

8 guard at the Trnopolje camp. He was an acquaintance of Mujo Tehnicar. He

9 came to our clinic. He was crying. He asked, he said if there was

10 anything I could do to help you, I would give you weapons, ammunition,

11 anything. But there was nothing much he could do, he said.

12 I think Serb propaganda was very strong. They said that Muslims

13 were preparing attacks against Serb civilians and children. They talked

14 about lists being drawn up. So allegedly, they were arming their own

15 people for the defence against Muslims. So probably the true skill of

16 their politicians was the way they managed to persuade their own people to

17 wage war on others. I think the greatest responsibility rests with the

18 top levels of decision-making among the Serb politicians.

19 There were many Serbs probably who even failed to notice how they

20 had been drawn into that. Take, for example, the following issue: Why

21 was I put into the camp and then held there for such a long time? What

22 did I do? Can they name at least one thing that I did wrong? Mr. Stakic

23 is here. He's a physician just like I am, and he made decisions

24 concerning the camps. He knew that we were there. He knew that his

25 colleague Jusuf Pasic, who was facing retirement, had been taken to

Page 7865

1 Omarska and killed there. He knew about dozens of doctors, physicians

2 being taken to Omarska and killed. Why? What for? Why were those people

3 killed? Those people were the Muslim intelligencia, and they meant

4 something, they were prominent people. Is there an answer to all of this?

5 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I thank you for these very personal remarks.

6 May I ask the parties, are there any further questions emanating from this

7 line of questions put by the Judges?

8 MR. LUKIC: We would like to have the power to object every time

9 when you pose this question, Your Honour. But as we don't have that kind

10 of power, we don't have any further questions.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: As I said earlier in this case, we have to make

12 a clear distinction between the criminal responsibility, but it is also of

13 extreme value to hear the opinions based on own experience, yes, on

14 experience at that time in the area that we get a view. And no doubt,

15 it's, as I mentioned, a very personal view. But I think the Defence also

16 should be aware that these views, in part, serves their own interests,

17 especially as regards the intent, the underlying intent which will be one

18 crucial point in our case.

19 And therefore, it's always helpful to hear these individual views

20 because one of the purposes, and one of the reasons, why we are mandated

21 to exercise our work here is to find the roots, the reasons, the basics of

22 what happened there and how we can overcome these difficulties in order to

23 have people living peacefully together once again in the area of Former

24 Yugoslavia. And therefore, under this mandate, opposed to ordinary

25 courts, it's necessary to put these questions.

Page 7866

1 I see Mr. Koumjian arriving. And maybe --

2 MS. KORNER: Your Honour, we do need a break, though, because we

3 haven't been able to -- it's quite a long tape. It's not the excerpt

4 tape. It's the full tape. So we'll have to ask Your Honours for a break

5 to set this up.

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Would it be possible to do it within five

7 minutes that we can conclude the testimony, say, until 10 minutes past

8 1.00?

9 MS. KORNER: Yes. Your Honour, may I ask, then, I know it's

10 unusual, but when I said to Your Honour yesterday that I didn't think the

11 other case would require my attention, it is going to require my attention

12 and will from about 12.00. Would Your Honour forgive me and allow

13 Mr. Koumjian just to deal with the last part of this?

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: No doubt. I think the remaining part is to view

15 the video and to hear the comments by the witness on this video. So we

16 have a break now for about five minutes. Please, all standby and let us

17 know when we can start.

18 --- Break taken at 12.44 p.m.

19 --- On resuming at 12.58 p.m.

20 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please be seated.

21 May we now see the video, please.

22 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, we have two very, very short clips.

23 The first one is from the ERN number V0000285. And, Doctor, watch this.

24 And please correct me if I am wrong if this is not the main street of

25 Kozarac, but the main road passing along Kozarac between Prijedor and

Page 7867

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Page 7868

1 Omarska.

2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, I think that this was taken

3 from the road, although now I cannot see any specific landmarks. So I'm

4 not sure. But I think that it was taken from the road, the Kozarac/Banja

5 Luka Road looking in the direction of Omarska.

6 MR. KOUMJIAN: Is it possible to dim the lights a bit in the

7 courtroom? Sorry, I notice the screen was much easier to read in the

8 video booth than it is out here.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I'm afraid it will be extremely difficult

10 because we have the cameras, and they need the light for the cameras.

11 MR. KOUMJIAN: I see. If we could proceed and play the video.

12 And, Doctor, you can indicate at any time if you'd like to stop and

13 comment upon anything that you recognise.

14 [Videotape played]

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop.

16 We can continue.

17 [Videotape played]

18 MR. KOUMJIAN: I think that's the end of the clip of the road.

19 Further examined by Mr. Koumjian:

20 Q. Doctor, did you recognise any of the buildings or the section of

21 the road that was depicted on the video that was just played?

22 A. I didn't see any particular landmarks, so I'm not able to tell you

23 whether that exactly is the spot. We were moving from Kozarac towards

24 Prijedor, and that was the area that I saw during the shelling when we

25 were captured. As for the other part that I didn't see, I'm unable to

Page 7869

1 compare the situation as it was before with the one that was after. I saw

2 a video footage when the road leading into Kozarac could be seen. It was

3 filmed from the road going towards Kozarac. I remember that particular

4 one, but here I cannot tell you with any certainty.

5 Q. Okay. Let me just ask you a few questions about the road that

6 passed between Prijedor and Omarska alongside Kozarac. To get to Kozarac

7 itself is a short distance from that main road. Is that correct?

8 A. The south side of Kozarac town is situated alongside the road.

9 Q. Okay. So if you were passing --

10 A. I think that the building that we saw when we stopped the film is

11 the cafe located at the junction to the right side of the approach road to

12 Kozarac. But because I was not a hundred per cent sure, I didn't want to

13 make that comment.

14 Q. Would that video that you saw be consistent with the area that you

15 knew to be a view from the main road looking north towards Kozarac?

16 A. As we were being escorted from Kozarac -- I mean, at one point, we

17 turned left towards Prijedor. We turned right towards Prijedor, and we

18 left -- to the left was the road leading to Banja Luka. I think the cafe

19 that we saw was located at the corner, at the junction, of that road. But

20 what happened afterwards further down on the road towards Banja Luka, I

21 don't know. I didn't pay any attention to that.

22 Q. After your release from the Trnopolje camp, did you ever visit

23 Kozarac?

24 A. No, never.

25 Q. You've never been back to Kozarac. Is that correct?

Page 7870

1 A. No.

2 Q. Okay. I have one more short clip to ask you to view. And that

3 would be -- I have the ERN number, V0002843. If that tape could be

4 played, please.

5 MR. KOUMJIAN: We could play the tape.

6 [Videotape played]

7 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, could we play the tape with the

8 sound. It might be -- it might give some explanation of what we're

9 seeing.

10 [Videotape played]

11 "By the local Serb Militia, restricted to just a few blocks of the

12 town, once home to about 15.000 Muslim men, women, and children --"

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't see anything on my screen.

14 "And none of their..."

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I just got it a moment ago.

16 MR. KOUMJIAN: Perhaps we could back up since the witness --

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Yes, stop here for a moment. We discussed

18 previously the signs or emblems on both sides of the entrance door. Could

19 you identify and explain the meaning of these signs on the screen you have

20 before you. You can see an entrance.

21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The image was not on my screen a

22 moment ago, but I can see it now. To the right, you see a cross, and to

23 the left, a Serbian flag. As far as we heard, this is how they used to

24 mark the houses which were not supposed to be destroyed either because it

25 was a Serb house or because it was earmarked for a Serb.

Page 7871

1 MR. KOUMJIAN: Perhaps we could back up the tape because the

2 witness did not have it on his screen. Start it over again with the

3 sound, please.

4 "The Narrator: ...supervised by the local Serb Militia restricted

5 to just a few blocks of the town. Once home to about 15.000 Muslim men,

6 women, and children.

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Stop, please.

8 "The Narrator: ...today there are no Muslims there, none. And

9 none of their X-marked homes is intact. Other homes in Kozarac have been

10 marked to survive --"

11 MR. KOUMJIAN: I think the witness had a comment back at the first

12 house if we could back up, he'll indicate where to stop.

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I think that this house is located

14 on the approach road to Kozarac, to the right side of the road. As I

15 said, I've seen a better film, a better footage, which clearly indicates

16 that this was Kozarac. But I think that this is the house which was

17 located on the right side of that road. And when we left Kozarac, it was

18 not destroyed. It was not damaged as it is now.

19 MS. KORNER:

20 Q. And, Doctor, when you talk about the house you just mentioned,

21 you're not talking about the house that's on the screen in front of you

22 with the sign saying --

23 A. No, no, no, the first one. The one which is partly destroyed

24 without a roof. Even further back, if we can rewind a little more,

25 please. This one here.

Page 7872

1 Stop.

2 Q. This is the house that you were speaking of?

3 A. Yes, I believe that this is the house, the one located on the

4 right side of the road leading into Kozarac. The sawmill would be across

5 the street, I think. I believe that that was in -- that it was in the

6 same area. There is a much better footage which shows -- which shows the

7 whole street leading into Kozarac where you can see that very few houses

8 remained standing, the houses bearing those markings that I indicated.

9 But as we were leaving Kozarac, the houses were definitely not in this

10 shape.

11 MR. KOUMJIAN: We can proceed with the video, just to complete it.

12 [Videotape played]

13 "The Narrator: Of the town, once home to about 15.000 Muslim men,

14 women, and children. Today, there are no Muslims there, none. And none

15 of their X-marked homes is intact. Other homes in Kozarac have been

16 marked to survive, this one with the colours of the Serbian flag. This

17 one says, This is Serbian. They stand undamaged like the remaining Serb

18 residents of Kozarac surrounded in silence, deadly silence."

19 MR. KOUMJIAN: Thank you. I think that completes the video

20 portion.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. May I come back to the cross marking

22 of houses. Please recall when we saw yesterday Exhibit Numbers S15-37,

23 -38, -39, and -40, we saw also your hospital marked this way. So it seems

24 to be, to a certain extent, ambiguous, this house on the one hand side

25 marked with a flag, and on the other hand, with this X mark. So do you

Page 7873

1 personally know about the meaning of these X marks?

2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No, not exactly. I heard that there

3 were markings which were used to indicate which of the houses should be

4 destroyed and which should be preserved because Serbs were supposed to

5 move in because one of the Serbs had decided to take this particular

6 house. As to what specific markings those were, I don't know.

7 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

8 The Defence will have questions on this?

9 MR. LUKIC: No, Your Honour, because obviously this witness does

10 not know anything about these markings, and we hope that we will be able

11 to clarify this matter during our case.

12 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. Any additional questions or remarks?

13 MR. KOUMJIAN: Just one question.

14 Q. Doctor, do you know, the clip that you're speaking of showing the

15 main street, was that where the -- there's a video of that clip being

16 shown to some women who were residents of Kozarac? And one of them makes

17 a remark that "this was the most beautiful house"?

18 A. I don't remember exactly, but I think that I have the footage

19 you're talking about at home.

20 Q. Okay. Thank you.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I ask the OTP, the two videos we saw today,

22 they are tendered?

23 MR. KOUMJIAN: They are, Your Honour. The only issue is, although

24 we don't mind tendering the entire tape, we didn't play the entire tape.

25 Would Your Honour like us to have copies made of those clips that were

Page 7874

1 shown?

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Yes, indeed, because no doubt we have to come

3 back to these points. It's relevant to find out what's the meaning of

4 this cross marking and the marking with the flag. So it would be of

5 assistance if we could be provided with those clips shown today in the

6 courtroom.

7 The first video we saw will be Exhibit Number S325; the second

8 one, S326. Objections?

9 MR. LUKIC: No objections, Your Honour.

10 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Admitted into evidence.

11 This concludes the testimony, and I have to re-emphasise the

12 gratitude of the parties and the Bench that you were prepared to come here

13 and to give the witness on these incidents - we have to be neutral naming

14 these "incidents" - evidently opening once again wounds with you. And

15 thereby, we know how difficult it is for you to give these statements.

16 But you should be aware that your testimony has, once again, assisted us

17 one step further to coming closer to the truth. And we are extremely

18 grateful for this. Thank you once again.

19 The trial stays adjourned until 2.50, 10 minutes to 3.00.

20 --- Luncheon recess taken at 1.16 p.m.

21 --- On resuming at 2.55 p.m.

22 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please be seated.

23 As discussed already yesterday in a 65 ter (i) meeting, also for

24 the purposes of our transcript, the parties have to be informed that

25 Judge Fassi Fihri will not be in The Hague before, seen from an optimistic

Page 7875

1 point of view, the middle of next week, and in all likelihood not earlier

2 than the Monday starting the week after next week. So therefore, we

3 discussed already yesterday how to proceed. And as Rule 15 bis does not

4 allow for proceeding with only two Judges for a period of time longer than

5 three days, this period of time elapses today.

6 On the other hand, it's necessary to have heard these witnesses

7 who are prepared to testify in this case in the near future without asking

8 them to come a second time to The Hague. And first of all, we have to

9 take care that it's mandatory under the statute to proceed as fast as

10 possible. So therefore, the idea is that the witnesses planned now for

11 the near future, until the end of the Prosecutor's case, should be heard

12 under Rule 71 of the rules. This means that it's the most appropriate way

13 to hear these witnesses. It provides for the possibility that both

14 parties put questions to the witness, that we have a real examination,

15 cross-examination, and if the then present accused so wants, he also may

16 address the presiding officer under Rule 71.

17 And in addition, it means that the results of this examination

18 under Rule 71 have to be included in the hearing once more under Rule

19 71(E) of the rules, and this gives additional leeway for both parties to

20 comment on the outcome of these hearings.

21 No doubt, on the other hand, it means that the hearings take place

22 in the absence of Judge Fassi Fihri. Therefore, as discussed yesterday,

23 we regard it as necessary that we have the consent by the parties that we

24 proceed this way and that the accused, Dr. Stakic himself, consents to

25 this proceeding in the absence of Judge Fassi Fihri. This would be so

Page 7876

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Page 7877

1 that there is no doubt about the scope of application, this would cover

2 the following witnesses: Mr. Edward Vulliamy, to be expected on Monday

3 and Tuesday; Madam Ewa Tabeau and Mr. Nicolas Sebire, this would be not a

4 continuation of the earlier hearing, but it would be a separate hearing

5 under Rule 71. It would be true also for Dr. Corin and for Dr. Ewan

6 Brown. And finally, for Mr. Dusan Baltic.

7 May I ask the parties whether they consent to this envisaged

8 proceeding? First, the OTP, please.

9 MR. KOUMJIAN: We do, Your Honour.

10 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I ask the Defence.

11 MR. LUKIC: Your Honour, I had the opportunity to speak with

12 Dr. Stakic, and you have his full consent to proceed this way.

13 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I ask Dr. Stakic in person, do you agree

14 with these proceedings under Rule 71 in the absence of Judge Fassi Fihri?

15 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes, Your Honour. I fully agree to

16 proceed as you have just advised.

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. Please be seated.

18 As to the fact that we discussed this issue already yesterday, I

19 have to read out the following decision unanimously found by the two

20 Judges present in this case. It's an order for deposition evidence to be

21 taken pursuant to Rule 71 of 11 September, 2002. The written version may

22 be corrected, please.

23 It reads: "This Trial Chamber of the International Tribunal for

24 the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of

25 International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former

Page 7878

1 Yugoslavia since 1991,

2 "Noting that one of the Judges of this Trial Chamber, namely Judge

3 Fassi Fihri, is temporarily unavailable to sit in court due to ongoing

4 illness,

5 "Noting that on 6 September, 2002, the two present Judges of this

6 Trial Chamber ordered, pursuant to Rule 15 bis of the Rules of Procedure

7 and Evidence, that the hearing of this case continue in the absence of

8 Judge Fassi Fihri for the maximum period of three days permitted under the

9 Rules,

10 "Noting further that as of the end of today, 11 September, 2002,

11 the three-day period will have expired; noting that Rule 71 of the Rules

12 set out a procedure permitting evidence for use at trial to be taken by

13 way of deposition,

14 "Noting that pursuant to Rule 71(A) of the Rules, the Trial

15 Chamber, where it is in the interests of justice to do so, may order,

16 either proprio motu or at the request of a party, that deposition evidence

17 be taken before a duly appointed Presiding Officer,

18 "Noting the agreement of the parties in this case to the use of

19 this procedure for direct and cross-examination of the following

20 witnesses, subject to any decisions on objections and matters of

21 admissibility being reserved to the Trial Chamber: Mr. Dusan Baltic,

22 Dr. Ewan Brown, Dr. Andrew Corin, Mr. Nicolas Sebire, Madam Ewa Tabeau,

23 Mr. Edward Vulliamy,

24 "Noting in particular that the accused, Dr. Milomir Stakic, has

25 consented to the use of this procedure,

Page 7879

1 "Noting further that the accused has agreed that Judge Vassylenko

2 may be present in the courtroom during the deposition proceedings" --

3 sorry, I forgot to ask you this question, Dr. Stakic: Do you agree that

4 Judge Vassylenko may be present in the courtroom during the proceedings

5 under Rule 71?

6 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes, Your Honour, I fully agree.

7 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I would also like to take this

9 opportunity to ask you to please forward my regards and best wishes

10 concerning his health to the ailing Judge Fassi Fihri.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you very much. I will do so. You may be

12 seated.

13 I repeat the last paragraph:

14 "Noting further that the accused has agreed that Judge Vassylenko

15 may be present in the courtroom during the deposition proceedings,

16 "Considering that the unavailability of one of the members of the

17 Trial Chamber must not prejudice the right of the accused to be tried

18 without undue delay as provided in Article 21, paragraph 4(c) of the

19 statute of the International Tribunal,

20 "Considering the guidance on the interpretation of Rule 71(A) by

21 the Appeals Chamber of the International Tribunal in its decision of 15

22 July, 1999, in Prosecutor versus Zoran Kupreskic and others,

23 "Considering that the accused has explicitly consented to take

24 depositions under Rule 71 of the Rules in the case in the absence of Judge

25 Fassi Fihri,

Page 7880

1 "For the foregoing reasons and with the consent of the parties and

2 the accused,

3 "Pursuant to Article 21 of the statute and Rules 15 bis, 54, and 71

4 of the rules, orders proprio motu, that the evidence of the aforementioned

5 witnesses, namely, Mr. Baltic, Dr. Brown, Dr. Corin, Mr. Sebire,

6 Madam Tabeau, and Mr. Vulliamy may, be taken pursuant to Rule 71 of the

7 rules, such procedure to cease immediately upon the return of Judge Fassi

8 Fihri to active duty,

9 "Appoints as Presiding Officer for that purpose Judge Wolfgang

10 Schomburg, and further orders that the deposition procedure shall be as

11 follows:

12 "First, the depositions to be taken in a courtroom at the seat of

13 the International Tribunal during the normal court sessions as previously

14 scheduled; second, Judge Vassylenko may be present in the courtroom during

15 the deposition proceedings; third, all participants to be robed as usual;

16 fourth, the hearings to be public subject to any protective measures that

17 may be ordered in relation to particular witnesses; fifth, the record to

18 be transmitted to the Trial Chamber comprising three Judges, pursuant to

19 Rule 71(E) of the Rules.

20 "Done in English and French, the English text being authoritative,

21 followed by a signature of the Judge."

22 Any observations to this procedure?

23 MR. KOUMJIAN: Just one extremely technical observation. I think

24 that Your Honour said that it would be a new hearing of witnesses Sebire

25 and Tabeau, I think at least as far as Mr. Sebire when we ended,

Page 7881

1 Mr. Ostojic said that he had two more questions, although when I spoke to

2 him the other day on the phone, he said he had completed his

3 cross-examination. But technically I think the Defence did not complete

4 the cross-examination while Judge Fassi Fihri was here. So I would ask

5 that they indicate that they do not wish to have any further questions in

6 front of the three Judges that are -- that they can complete their

7 questioning in the deposition.

8 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Respectfully, we disagree. We discussed this

9 because we expect a new document by this witness, and no doubt, this has

10 to be introduced, and the Defence has the right to cross-examine the

11 author of this new document, and it's also the right of the Judges to have

12 additional questions.

13 MR. KOUMJIAN: I understand that, but technically they didn't

14 finish the cross-examination in front of the three Judges.

15 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I'm aware of this, but on the occasion of taking

16 this deposition, it will be the possibility, if any, to put questions to

17 Mr. Sebire during taking this deposition under Rule 71. I see a nodding

18 by the Defence. I think there is no additional problem with this.

19 Then I have numerous additional points on the agenda. And before

20 starting, may I ask the Prosecution if there should be any additional

21 document to be provided today, it should be done during the next 90

22 minutes. If there should be any motion, please do it orally. This goes

23 to both parties. As to the fact that we can't do this during the

24 application of Rule 71 because this is limited to hear the witnesses only.

25 The intention is to discuss how to proceed in the framework of a

Page 7882

1 Status Conference, and a Status Conference -- the next Status Conference

2 in this case is hereby scheduled for Tuesday immediately following the

3 taking of a deposition with respect to the witness of Monday and Tuesday.

4 And if necessary, to proceed with this Status Conference by Wednesday

5 morning. And this will be then the appropriate place to discuss issues as

6 already announced by the Prosecution whether or not it is helpful to have

7 deliberations. I'll come back to this later.

8 Next point: I received a letter by attorney at law Vojislav

9 Dimitrijevic, counsel of Mr. Mrdja, resulting in the sentence that counsel

10 decided to advise Mr. Mrdja not to testify in this moment voluntarily in

11 the case of Mr. Stakic because it can hurt his own Defence. In the

12 conversation with client, he fully accepted my advice. May I ask the

13 usher to distribute copies of this letter to the parties and to the

14 registry. This will be, then, Document J12.

15 It was not without surprise that we received a motion by the

16 Prosecution for Rule 94, judicial notice. Are there any additional

17 comments on this motion by the representative of the OTP?

18 MR. KOUMJIAN: Just to explain, if Your Honour -- apparently Your

19 Honour was surprised, this is part of the indictment for which no

20 witnesses were presented. I don't know if it would be proper for me to

21 tell you the reasons why no witnesses were presented because I think that

22 would probably be outside the evidence. But we believe it's a litigated

23 issue in the Tadic decision, and since we are unable to present evidence

24 in this case on it, we believe it has been fully litigated as far as the

25 fact that that massacre took place, or those killings took place, who the

Page 7883

1 perpetrators were, and findings were made as to the motivation for the

2 killings. We think that it's appropriate under Rule 94 to take judicial

3 notice.

4 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. May I ask for observations by the

5 Defence.

6 MR. LUKIC: Yes, Your Honour. This was subject to lengthy

7 discussions before the beginning of this trial. And already at that time,

8 we objected to any facts established in the Tadic case because Mr. Tadic

9 defended himself by alibi, and he didn't oppose any fact. So we think

10 that in that procedure, it wasn't established that something has been done

11 or not because the other side, the Defence, didn't object on any factual

12 ground of the indictment.

13 And we think today, as we thought at that time, that the

14 Prosecution has to establish all factual grounds for the indictment during

15 the Court proceedings in this case. So we think that this motion should

16 be rejected.

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I recall the former objections by the Defence.

18 And may I first ask the Prosecution why witnesses for these alleged facts

19 were not presented? And secondly, whether it would not be mandatory for

20 reasons of judicial economy to drop - I mentioned this earlier - to drop

21 those parts in the indictment where no evidence has been found because for

22 whatever reasons, no evidence was available. We are aware of the problems

23 of both problems to bring witnesses to The Hague.

24 But nevertheless, it seems for me mandatory to take into account

25 the costs of the proceedings and to take into account the right of the

Page 7884

1 accused, which no doubt would be limited by taking judicial notice,

2 whether or not it would be appropriate to drop these parts because I

3 can't, and I discussed it already in the past with my two colleagues, it

4 seems to be not at all relevant for the outcome of this case.

5 So therefore, I think it's mandatory for all of us to try to

6 streamline the case and to avoid additional extremely problematic

7 battlefields in these proceedings.

8 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, I think that when the drafters of the

9 rules drafted Rule 94, it was exactly Your Honours' concerns that they

10 were balancing the rights of the accused and judicial economy. It's for

11 that purpose that we have a rule that says we don't have to re-litigate

12 the same issues in different cases. And also require the same witnesses

13 to come back and testify over and over again.

14 Of all the allegations in our indictment, we've only asked the

15 Court to take judicial notice of this one particular allegation for which,

16 since Your Honour asked, we were unable to obtain witnesses who were

17 willing to come back to The Hague and testify again. I don't think it's

18 unfair to the accused if the Court finds this issue was litigated. My

19 understanding - and to be honest, Ms. Sutherland is much more familiar

20 with the Tadic case than I am - was that Mr. Tadic did contest some of the

21 factual findings. It wasn't just an alibi defence. And the Court in that

22 case had to find, beyond a reasonable doubt, that the killings took place

23 and that they were connected to this joint criminal enterprise which is

24 discussed in the paragraphs quoted in our motion.

25 As far as Your Honours' suggestion that we drop allegation that is

Page 7885

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12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.

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Page 7886

1 we are unable to prove, we completely agree with you. At the end of our

2 case, if we are unable to present evidence in any way about an allegation

3 we will drop it. But when the rules provide for means of proof which Rule

4 94 does, we suggest it's exactly this situation that Rule 94 was created

5 for. We don't think it's against either the rights of the accused, nor is

6 it -- nor does it violate the goal of judicial economy to ask the Court to

7 take judicial notice; rather, it's precisely for judicial economy that we

8 are asking that notice be taken.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: On the other hand, I think in this case, we saw

10 that on the initiative of the accused himself or on the initiative of

11 counsel, we came to an agreement on the admission under Rule 92 bis which

12 really served the purposes of judicial economy. And I should like to know

13 why for this special event we're expected to take judicial notice there is

14 no testimony under 92 bis available.

15 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, all I can tell you is what I was told,

16 is that the witnesses were not available. I would have to inquire further

17 to know whether or not they were asked if they would be willing to present

18 their evidence by way of Rule 92 bis, which requires them to indicate that

19 they would be willing to come for cross-examination. I can check and see

20 if we do have any notations about that.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I would invite the parties - we have time enough

22 during the following days - to discuss this issue. And whether or not the

23 parties can maybe agree to work under Rule 92 bis, and maybe

24 cross-examination then be not necessary. But let us know as soon as

25 possible, please, in writing in order that a decision can be prepared as

Page 7887

1 soon as possible because the proceedings should not be delayed by these

2 additional exercises.

3 This brings me to another point: We are proceeding and coming

4 close to the end of the Prosecution case. In order to allow the Defence

5 to study in a responsible way to the incoming documents and motions, we

6 hereby decide that no new document be presented later than Friday, 20th of

7 September, 2002, by the end of the working day, save leave is granted by

8 the Trial Chamber to do so because good cause is shown.

9 The same is true for motions by both parties.

10 May I then ask the parties whether or not they conferred already

11 on the question, when would be the most appropriate point in time to have

12 the pre-Defence conference?

13 MR. LUKIC: Yes, Your Honour. I discussed it with my learned

14 friend, and we agree that it would be the best if we have that Status

15 Conference on the 8th of November.

16 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: This is agreed by the OTP?

17 MR. KOUMJIAN: Yes, Your Honour.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Then the pre-Defence conference is hereby

19 scheduled for the 8th of November. But nevertheless, the Chamber would

20 appreciate if the other party and the Bench could be notified beforehand

21 on the envisaged number of witnesses or special problems related to

22 translation and so on in order to facilitate the proceedings and to assist

23 the Defence where necessary.

24 MR. KOUMJIAN: Yes, thank you. Your Honour, we would be

25 requesting, although we agree to the 8th of November, that we receive some

Page 7888

1 notice before that - I can discuss it with counsel - of the first

2 witnesses for the Defence so we can begin to prepare.

3 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I don't want to work with deadlines already

4 now. I think the message is clear, and we are aware of the problems the

5 Defence has in this case with the preparation and summoning of witnesses

6 and bringing them to The Hague. But as mentioned, let us know about all

7 the problems as soon as possible. As we have seen during the last days,

8 there will be always a way of assistance, and I am grateful to know that

9 both parties have all the assistance by the State of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

10 In this case, the Government of the entity of Republika Srpska acting

11 through the Government of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

12 May I then ask, what about documents? Yesterday I learned that

13 some best originals were available, but unfortunately it was not possible

14 for the Judges to see these documents. Could they please be presented. I

15 take it that the Defence has seen the documents. Thank you. Do you want

16 to make any observations on these documents?

17 MR. LUKIC: Not at this moment, Your Honour.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May I ask in the meantime, Madam Registrar, to

19 check whether or not Document S308 or 18 was not yet admitted into

20 evidence.

21 It was Exhibit Number S308 where the Defence reserved the right to

22 object because the best possible original was not available. It is now

23 available. May I please hear your comments on this document. May the

24 usher please show this document once more to the Defence, 308.

25 MR. LUKIC: Yes, Your Honour, we object on the basis of

Page 7889

1 authenticity. There is no visible signature of anybody on that document.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. For reasons given on similar

3 occasions in the past, this document is now admitted into evidence as

4 S308. But it should -- it remains open to source this document, S308.

5 Has this led to any result already?

6 MR. KOUMJIAN: These were documents seized in October of 2000 at

7 the Prijedor health centre.

8 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May we then come to the Prosecution's submission

9 of statement of expert witness pursuant to Rule 94 bis. Characteristics

10 of a corpus of documents associated with the name of Milomir Stakic

11 prepared by Andrew R. Corin. First, in order not to make a mistake, may I

12 ask Madam Registrar to tell me whether this document has already been

13 admitted into evidence for the purposes that we know on the transcript

14 what we are discussing.

15 It has not been admitted? What would be, then, the next following

16 exhibit number?

17 THE REGISTRAR: It has been admitted, Your Honour, as S1 -- S295.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: S295. And then the problem of my -- the issue

19 of my concern, the attachment to this report as follows would be S295-1.

20 Correct?

21 THE REGISTRAR: S295-1, yes, Your Honour.

22 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Once again, we have the problem before us that

23 we have numerous documents where we have an exhibit number. We have

24 numerous documents where we have 65 ter numbers. But I think even in the

25 majority of documents used for the purposes of this expertise or

Page 7890

1 compilation, whatever we want to call it, there is neither a 65 ter number

2 nor an exhibit number. How shall we resolve this problem? May I hear

3 comments by the Prosecution. If you have a look on S295-1.

4 MR. KOUMJIAN: I'm sorry, we didn't bring our copy with us today.

5 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: May the usher please provide the Prosecutor with

6 my copy.

7 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, I'll have to actually confer with

8 Mr. Corin. I believe that most of the ones that Your Honour is referring

9 to are -- Mr. Corin has simply cited the Official Gazette number for

10 those. So he went through the Gazette and cited those numbers, and those

11 Gazettes themselves are in evidence. He simply cited the decision number

12 in the Official Gazette.

13 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: So no doubt, it would be of assistance for us if

14 we would have in the -- an updated table or attachment including the

15 exhibit numbers of these Official Gazettes.

16 MR. KOUMJIAN: Actually, we're looking for someone right now to

17 help complete part of the review of the other spreadsheet, and we're

18 having trouble finding enough people to do that. But we'll try to do

19 that. But I think these Official Gazettes will all just have an exhibit

20 number. Each Gazette had only one exhibit number.

21 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Right. But then we can see where it stems from,

22 and immediately, yes, try to find out whether we can follow the inferences

23 drawn by Mr. Corin or not.

24 Please, Mr. Lukic.

25 MR. LUKIC: My learned friend was actually looking only at the

Page 7891

1 table, but there are also numbers incorporated inside the text of the

2 report which are also sometimes ERN numbers or 65 ter numbers. So if

3 possible, to have all those numbers numbered according to S numbers; and

4 another issue regarding the same document is that we are still waiting for

5 the translation.

6 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: No doubt, it was already mentioned that the

7 B/C/S -- the translation into B/C/S has priority, and then as soon as

8 possible, please, the French translation.

9 MR. LUKIC: Another, if possible, to have those S numbers

10 incorporated into a B/C/S translation as well, please.

11 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: I know this is difficult, but I tried myself in

12 part to understand this, and it would be extremely helpful that the --

13 also the accused, with the limited facilities in the Detention Unit, has

14 access to the content of this document that this be provided.

15 As we discussed earlier, we want to discuss this, maybe even

16 cross-examine Mr. Corin, not before we have this translation, and maybe

17 for the first access to this report, it should be enough to have this

18 attachment, this table, available. And reading together this report with

19 the table, on the other hand, it facilitates the access. And therefore, I

20 would ask, if possible, to do this exercise as soon as possible.

21 MR. KOUMJIAN: Just regarding the B/C/S translation, all these

22 numbers were put in by Ms. Karper actually after she received the report

23 from Mr. Corin who began this task before most of our exhibit numbers were

24 given. The versions that Your Honours and Defense counsel have, the last

25 version, did not include the S numbers from List 7. So on some of the

Page 7892

1 documents it has been changed.

2 But on the other hand the translation unit was given the document

3 to begin work as soon as possible. So I don't know that it's possible

4 to -- they have a they have already begun. Hopefully they are well into

5 that translation

6 MR. LUKIC: If possible, at least to get this translation in an

7 electronic version so we can change the numbers afterwards.

8 MR. KOUMJIAN: I don't think that would be a problem.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: As mentioned, if possible, if only in this

10 attachment the exhibit numbers can be provided, also those from List 7.

11 And as regards the Official Gazettes -- Official Gazette.

12 Please recall that we requested earlier the maybe last number

13 before the new numeration of Official Gazettes in Prijedor, the last

14 number of the Official Gazette before the 30th of April, 1992. Evidently,

15 according to page - what is it - page 4 of this report, the Official

16 Gazettes are available in the OTP. And only the series from 1991 is

17 probably not complete. Footnote 1, page 4.

18 MR. KOUMJIAN: I'm not quite clear on the request. I believe

19 Mr. Corin's report, as Your Honour stated, indicated that no Gazette was

20 published by the elected assembly of Prijedor for 1992, but there was a

21 Gazette for 1991. Does Your Honour want the last issue from 1991 of the

22 Prijedor Municipal Assembly Gazette?

23 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: The last issue of the Official Gazette before

24 number 1, I think it was May 1992, wasn't it?

25 MR. KOUMJIAN: That was Number 1 of the Serbian Municipality of

Page 7893

1 Prijedor, yes.

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Right. And the one from the issue before this

3 issue just in order to compare who were the editors and who was

4 responsible for these documents and additional questions. Therefore, it

5 would be of assistance for the parties and the Bench to have this

6 available.

7 Any further comments with respect to Exhibit Number 295? This is

8 not the case.

9 I have once again to address the questions we had already

10 earlier. What about colour copies of S242? That's okay. I just heard

11 it's okay. May I ask the registry, are there any decisions open on the

12 admission of evidence save S217, which on purpose has been left open?

13 THE REGISTRAR: Not on the admission itself, Your Honour.

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Please recall the remaining points.

15 THE REGISTRAR: We still need an updated index for the S210.

16 Also, the problems mentioned on Monday regarding S227B, S157-1, S151-1,

17 and S254.

18 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

19 May I then ask, are there any problems related to documents or to

20 motions to be discussed? Please.

21 MR. KOUMJIAN: Not a problem, but perhaps a solution. Your

22 Honours, we had asked for the translation of the Bosnian law. In the

23 translation that we had, it had used the word "administrative law," but I

24 see that in this new translation, official translation, it's called "the

25 law on noncontentious procedure." I ask that that be distributed.

Page 7894

1 Counsel I don't think has seen it

2 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Could the usher please distribute.

3 MR. KOUMJIAN: This is the law dealing with declarations of death.

4 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: One copy to the Defence, please.

5 MR. KOUMJIAN: And just to explain, I asked that the first few

6 pages of the book be translated also, so the inside pages are translated

7 in the first three pages of the translation.

8 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Any spontaneous observations by the Defence?

9 MR. LUKIC: I'm not a linguistic expert, but this translation I

10 see -- I can see as proper one, because the other one was the title of a

11 completely different law. So I didn't have time to go through the

12 articles, but I browsed through the articles the last time, and I think

13 that they are the proper ones.

14 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you for this. And I take it that this is

15 tendered as an exhibit? May I have the next exhibit number, please.

16 THE REGISTRAR: S327, Your Honour.

17 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Objections?

18 MR. LUKIC: If Your Honour could give me some time so I have to

19 check whether these articles are from the right law.

20 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: No doubt, admission into evidence doesn't mean

21 that it cannot be withdrawn on the basis of any objections in the future.

22 MR. LUKIC: Then no objection, Your Honour.

23 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you. Admitted into evidence under S327.

24 MR. KOUMJIAN: Your Honour, just regarding that, we discussed in

25 Chambers that my research was that this is the law that is still on the

Page 7895

1 books in Bosnia. I'm not asking for counsel -- for an answer now, but we

2 discussed whether it would be necessary to have a 92 bis statement taken

3 next week. I've cancelled that for the moment at least, that mission. So

4 if counsel does have an objection or disputes that this is the law on the

5 books now, perhaps he can inform us and we would have to provide further

6 evidence on that.

7 MR. LUKIC: I didn't object, so I think that it wouldn't be

8 necessary.

9 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: Thank you.

10 Any additional solutions by the Prosecutor to be offered?

11 MR. KOUMJIAN: No. We do have a couple more exhibits. If they

12 don't arrive momentarily, then we will present them in the next few days.

13 JUDGE SCHOMBURG: There are still some minutes left, and we still

14 have to discuss the schedule of the next days. Maybe they arrive in the

15 meantime.

16 So for clarification, there is no hearing tomorrow, Thursday, 12

17 September. There's no hearing on Friday, 13 September, 2002. There's no

18 hearing but a taking of deposition under Rule 71 as regards Witness

19 Vulliamy on Monday, 16 September, 2002, 9.30 to 13.00, and 14.30 to 16.00

20 hours. We proceed with this taking of deposition on Tuesday, 17th

21 September, 2002, from 9.30 to 13.00, and from 14.30 to 16.00 hours.

22 Another deposition will be taken on Wednesday, 18th September,

23 2002, with respect to Witness Dusan Baltic, from 9.30 to 13.00, and from

24 14.30 to 16.00 hours. In case it is necessary to continue this deposition

25 taking, this will take place on Thursday, 19th September, 2002, 9.30 to

Page 7896

1 13.00 hours, and 14.30 to 16.00 hours.

2 As mentioned before, there will be a Status Conference immediately

3 following the deposition taking on Tuesday, 17th September, 2002,

4 hopefully within the time frame I already told you. We'll say that we can

5 conclude this Status Conference by 4.00 in the afternoon.

6 Friday, 20 September, there will be no court as to the fact that

7 there is court maintenance. And let us all hope that court maintenance

8 will not, once again, lead to a court breakdown as it was in Courtroom III

9 in the beginning of this week.

10 Then, of course, we have to leave the following days open: The

11 entire week starting with Monday, 23 September, until Friday, 27

12 September, including Tuesday 24 September, 2002, there was scheduled a

13 hearing in another meeting but cancelled. This entire week will be

14 available for additional, if necessary, taking of depositions or we can

15 continue as scheduled from 9.00 to 13.45 hours with the hearing. So the

16 entire week is for the -- is reserved for either deposition taking,

17 hearing, or then as scheduled, deliberations in order to proceed as soon

18 as possible and to facilitate and abbreviate the motion, the response, and

19 the decision on the motion on acquittal. Here, we can't fix the dates for

20 this week. Please understand.

21 May I ask, any further observations by one of the parties or by

22 the accused himself? This is not the case. This concludes today's

23 hearing, the 71st day of the hearing in this case. And let us all hope

24 that we can continue with the hearing as such as soon as possible. Thank

25 you.

Page 7897

1 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned

2 at 3.55 p.m., to be reconvened on

3 Monday, the 16th day of September,

4 2002, at 9.30 a.m.

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