THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
CASE NO.: IT-96-23/2-I
THE PROSECUTOR OF THE TRIBUNAL
THIRD AMENDED INDICTMENT
The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, pursuant to her authority under article 18 of the Statute of the Tribunal charges:
with CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY and VIOLATIONS OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, as set forth below:
- The city and municipality of Foca are located south-east of Sarajevo, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and borders Serbia and Montenegro. According to the 1991 census, the population of Foca consisted of 40,513 persons with 51.6 % Muslim, 45.3 % Serbian and 3.1% others. Serb forces launched an extensive attack targeting the non-Serb civilian population, with the first military actions in the town of Foca on 8 April 1992. The Serb forces, supported by artillery and heavy weapons, proceeded to take over Foca, section by section. The take-over of Foca town was complete by 16 or 17 April 1992. The surrounding villages continued to be under siege until mid-July 1992.
- Once towns and villages were securely in their control, Serb military, police, paramilitaries and sometimes even Serb villagers started ransacking or burning Muslim houses and apartments, and rounding up and capturing Muslims. Some Muslims were beaten or killed in the process.
- The Serb forces separated the non-Serb men from the women. The Foca Kazneno-Popravni Dom (hereinafter KP Dom), one of the largest prison facilities in the former Republic of Yugoslavia, was the primary detention facility for men in Foca. Some men spent as much as two and a half years in detention for no reason other than their being Muslim. Muslim women, children and the elderly were detained in houses, apartments and motels in the town of Foca or in surrounding villages, or at short and long-term detention centres such as Buk Bijela, Foca High School, and Partizan Sports Hall. These women and girls had to live in intolerably unhygienic conditions, where they were mistreated in many ways including, for many of them, being raped repeatedly.
- Some of these women and girls
were taken out of these larger detention centres
to privately owned apartments and houses, such
as ulica Osmana Dikica 16, Karamanís house, or
the house in Trnovace, where they were forced
to cook, clean and serve the residents, who were
Serb soldiers. These women and girls were also
subjected to repeated sexual assaults. The International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and other organisations,
unaware of these detention facilities, did not
intervene. Those detainees, therefore, had no
possibility of release or exchange.
RADOVAN STANKOVIC a/k/a "Rasa", son of Todor, born on 10 March 1969 in the village of Trebica, municipality of Foca, was a permanent resident of Miljevina. RADOVAN STANKOVIC was a soldier in the Miljevina Battalion of the Foca Tactical Brigade. The Miljevina Battalion was commanded by Pero Elez during the times relevant to the indictment. RADOVAN STANKOVIC was,
along with other Bosnian Serb soldiers, in particular
Nezdjo Samardjzic and Nikola Brcic, in charge of
Karamanís house in Miljevina.
- At all times relevant to this indictment, an armed conflict existed in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the territory of the former Yugoslavia.
- At all times relevant to this indictment, the accused was required to abide by the laws or customs governing the conduct of war.
- Unless otherwise set forth below, all acts and omissions set forth in this indictment took place between April 1992 and November 1992
- In each count charging crimes against humanity, a crime recognised by Article 5 of the Statute of the Tribunal, the acts or omissions were part of a widespread or large-scale or systematic attack against a civilian population, specifically the Muslim population of the municipality of Foca.
- Witnesses and victims are identified in this indictment using code names or pseudonyms such as FWS-87 or initials, for example, D.B.
- The accused is individually responsible for the crimes charged against him in this indictment, pursuant to Article 7 (1) of the Statute of the Tribunal. Individual criminal responsibility includes committing, planning, instigating, ordering or aiding and abetting in the planning, preparation or execution of any acts or omissions set forth below.
Enslavement and Rape of FWS-75, FWS-87, FWS-132,
FWS-190, A.S., A.B., J.B., J.G and other
women in Karamanís House
- Pero Elez, a Serb paramilitary leader
in a position of regional authority commanded the
Miljevina Battalion, which was subordinated to
the Foca Tactical Brigade. The Miljevina Battalion
was headquartered in the Miljevina Motel. Some
of the soldiers under Elezís command, including
the accused RADOVAN STANKOVIC, used the
abandoned house of a Muslim, Nusret Karaman, as
a residence. On or about 3 August 1992, Dragoljub
Kunarac, in concert with Pero Elez, took FWS-75,
FWS-87, FWS 190 and D.B., as set forth in paragraph
5.1 infra, from ulica Osmana Dikica no 16
to Miljevina, where they were handed over to Pero
Elez and his men, who in turn transferred them
to Karamanís house. Karamanís house is close to
the headquarters of the battalion.
- Later on, other women and girls
were detained at Karamanís house. Some were as young as twelve and fourteen years of age. The number of women and girls detained at Karamanís house between 3 August 1992 and until on or about 10 October 1992 totalled at least nine, including FWS-75, FWS-87, FWS-132, FWS-190, A.S, AB, and J.B, and J.G, who was 12 or 13 years old, and who was detained at Karamanís
House from about 6 August until about mid-August
1992. D.B. as set forth infra in paragraphs
5.1-5.4, was detained at Karamanís House from 3
August 1992 through to on or about 10 October 1992.
- RADOVAN STANKOVIC, together
with Serb soldiers, Nedjzo and Nidjzo Samardjzic
and Nikola Brcic, was in charge of Karamanís house. RADOVAN STANKOVIC not
only stocked Karamanís House with Muslim girls
and women so that Serb soldiers and other Serb
men could sexually assault them, but also kept
tight control on their movements. During the indictment
period RADOVAN STANKOVIC, brought FWS 132
and A.S. to Karamanís House in mid ĖAugust 1992. RADOVAN STANKOVIC also
brought A.B and M, Muslim girls, aged 12 years
old and 14 years old respectively to Karamanís
House for two days. He released them two days later.
Afterwards, in mid-September 1992 RADOVAN STANKOVIC, travelled to Foca and removed A.B. from a bus, used to deport Muslims from Foca. The Accused did this while A.B was in the bus with her parents. RADOVAN STANKOVIC returned
with A.B to Karamanís House where she was detained
and subsequently raped and otherwise assaulted
by Pero Elez.
- RADOVAN STANKOVIC participated
in the assignment of girls and women to Serb soldiers
so that those soldiers could rape and otherwise
sexually assault them. The girls and women not
specifically assigned to certain Serb soldiers,
such as A.S, FWS-132, and A.B., could be raped
by any soldier allowed into Karamanís House. RADOVAN STANKOVIC assigned FWS-190 to himself from 3 August until on or about 6 August 1992. RADOVAN STANKOVIC assigned
J.G. to Nicola Brcic, on or about 7 August 1992.
He later assigned FWS-75 to a Serb soldier named
Rocco. RADOVAN STANKOVIC also assigned FWS-87
to Rocco. On one further occasion RADOVAN STANKOVIC brought
a Serb soldier, Radivoje Markovic and told him
to rape FWS-75. On the last day that FWS 75 was
at Karamanís House, RADOVAN STANKOVIC brought a Serb man named Cicmil to the house to rape FWS-75. When FWS-75 refused, RADOVAN STANKOVIC gave A.S. to Cicmil to rape.
- In contrast to larger detention facilities
such as Partizan Sports Hall, the detainees at
Karamanís house had sufficient food. They were not guarded or locked inside the house. The detainees even had a key they could use to lock the door and prevent any soldiers not belonging to Pero Elezís
group from entering. The detainees were also given
the telephone number of the Miljevina motel, and
were told that they should call this number if
any soldier without authorisation tried to enter
the house. When the women did call this number,
either RADOVAN STANKOVIC or Pero Elez would come to prevent other persons from entering the house. RADOVAN STANKOVIC told
FWS-75, that the Serb soldiers who came to Karamanís House needed his permission to be allowed in the house. When the Serb soldiers entered Karamanís
House, RADOVAN STANKOVIC, as a general practice, ensured that the women fed them and he gave them alcohol before assigning the women to them. Although the girls and women were not guarded, they could not escape. They had nowhere to go as Serb soldiers and civilians surrounded them.
- RADOVAN STANKOVIC, Pero Elez, Nicola Brcic, Nedjzo and Zoran Samardjzic and the Serb soldiers living in the house degradedly treated the women and girls as their personal property. At times, the girls and women were forced to bathe the soldiers before they were raped. Some of the girls and women were forced to take on Serb names and dress in provocative clothes. RADOVAN STANKOVIC would
call them "Bule" or other derogatory names.
- During the entire period of their
detention the girls and women were subjected to
repeated rapes and sexual assaults. Most of the
perpetrators were armed Serb soldiers who belonged
to Pero Elezís group; others were soldiers from Montenegro. Nikola Bricic raped FWS-75, on or about 3 August 1992. On that same day also, Pero Elez repeatedly raped FWS-75 and FWS-87 together in the same bed. He raped and sexually assaulted them the two following nights in the same manner. Whenever Pero Elez was not present at Karamanís
House, RADOVAN STANKOVIC permitted Serb soldiers, such as Zelenovic to rape FWS-87. Serb soldiers such as Zoran Smardjzic, Mladjo LNU and Misko LNU raped FWS 75. At times, the soldiers would both rape and beat the females. RADOVAN STANKOVIC knew that the Serb soldiers, including Pero Elez raped and otherwise sexually assaulted the girls and women. He was also aware that Nikola Brcic, sometimes beat and raped J.G. and that other soldiers beat A.S. RADOVAN STANKOVIC was
usually present in Karamanís House during these
- RADOVAN STANKOVIC raped FWS-87.
On one occasion, he raped her, during the daytime,
in one of the rooms upstairs in Karamanís House.
On another occasion, RADOVAN STANKOVIC took FWS-87 to the bathroom, forced her to completely undress and placed her in the bathtub. When FWS-87 refused to wash him, he violently struck her, causing her to suffer bruises and lumps on her head and face. RADOVAN STANKOVIC constantly threatened to rape FWS 87 in the presence of D.B. On one occasion, after FWS 87 was forced to drink alcohol, RADOVAN STANKOVIC raped FWS 87 in the living room while DB was present. He also threatened to rape FWS-75.
- In addition to the rapes and other sexual assaults, RADOVAN STANKOVIC regularly
ordered all the female detainees to work for
him and the other Serb soldiers, by washing uniforms
and by cooking and cleaning the house. FWS-87
was taken three times from Karamanís house to
other buildings in Miljevina. She was forced
to clean rooms in the buildings, cook for the
soldiers and paint the window-frames.
- At Karamanís house, the detainees constantly feared for their lives. If any of the women or girls refused to obey orders, they would be beaten. Soldiers often told the women that they would be killed after the soldiers were finished with them because they knew too much. FWS-87 felt suicidal during the entire time of her detention in Karamanís
- By the foregoing acts and omissions, RADOVAN STANKOVIC committed:
Count 1: Enslavement, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY punishable under Article 5 (c) of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Count 2: Rape, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY punishable under Article 5 (g) of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Count 3: Rape, a VIOLATION OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, punishable under Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal.
(Outrages Upon Personal Dignity)
Count 4: Outrages
upon personal dignity, a VIOLATION OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, punishable under Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Rape and enslavement of D.B.
- On or about 3 August 1992, Dragoljub
Kunarac, in concert with Pero Elez, took D. B.,
along with FWS-75, FWS-87, FWS 190, as set forth
in paragraph 4.1 supra from ulica Osmana
Dikica no 16 to Miljevina, where they were handed
over to Pero Elez and his men, who in turn transferred
them to Karamanís house. Karamanís house is close to the headquarters of the battalion. D.B. and the other women and girls were detained at Karamanís
house as described in paragraphs 4.1-4.10 supra.
- During the entire period of her
detention at Karamanís house, D.B., along with the other female detainees were subjected to repeated rapes and sexual assaults. All the perpetrators were Serb soldiers who belonged to Pero Elezís
- On or about 7 August 1992, RADOVAN STANKOVIC claimed D.B. for his own and raped (vaginal, oral and anal penetration) and otherwise sexually assault her repeatedly until he released her from his control on or about 3 November 1992. RADOVAN STANKOVIC raped
D.B. in the living room of Karamanís House at times
while Nedzo Samardzic was present in the room,
raping J.G. On occasion, RADOVAN STANKOVIC raped D.B. in the bathroom.
- RADOVAN STANKOVIC took D.B.
away from Karamanís house on or about 10 October 1992. During the period that D.B. remained in Karamanís
house, she was subjected to the treatment described
in paragraphs 4.1-4.10. The Prosecution,
by reference, incorporates and reiterates the allegations
concerning D.B.ís treatment by RADOVAN STANKOVIC in
Karamanís house during this time period.
After removing D.B. from Karamanís house
on or about 10 October 1992, RADOVAN STANKOVIC first took D.B. to an apartment in Miljevina for about ten days, and he then moved her to an apartment in the Lepa Brena apartment block in Foca. At both locations, RADOVAN STANKOVIC treated D.B. as his personal property, forcing her to cook, clean the apartment and wash his clothes. RADOVAN STANKOVIC also frequently raped and otherwise sexually assaulted D.B during this entire period, except for one week in late October, when RADOVAN STANKOVIC was absent because he required medical care for a war wound. RADOVAN STANKOVIC released D.B. to Montenegro on 3 November 1992.
- By the foregoing acts and omissions, RADOVAN STANKOVIC committed:
Count 5: Enslavement, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY punishable under Article 5 (c) of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Count 6: Rape, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY punishable under Article 5 (g) of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Count 7: Rape, a VIOLATION OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, punishable under Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal.
(Outrages Upon Personal Dignity)
Count 8: Outrages upon
personal dignity, a VIOLATION OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, punishable under Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal.
Carla Del Ponte
Dated this 08th day of December 2003
At The Hague