Veselin Sljivancanin Transferred to the ICTY Detention Unit
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) confirms that Veselin Sljivancanin was transferred to the Detention Unit on 1 July 2003.
Sljivancanin was indicted along with Mile Mrksic and Mirosklav Radic in an Indictment confirmed on 7 November 1995. Slavko Dokmanovic was added to the amended Indictment, confirmed on 3 April 1996. The amended Indictment remained under seal until the detention of Dokmanovic by the United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia (UNTAES) on 27 June 1997.
A Second amended Indictment, dated 2 December 1997, alleges that, by August 1991, the federal Yugoslav Peoples Army (JNA) had surrounded the city of Vukovar and engaged in a sustained artillery attack on the city, resulting in its fall on 18 November 1991. In the last days of the siege, several hundred people sought refuge at Vukovar Hospital.
According to the Indictment, on about 20 November 1991, the JNA and Serb paramilitary soldiers, aided and abetted by Dokmanovic, and under the command or supervision of Mrksic, Radic and Sljivancanin, removed about 400 non-Serb individuals from the Vukovar Hospital and then transported around 300 of them to a farm building in Ovcara, where they beat them for several hours. Afterwards, soldiers transported their non-Serb captives in groups of about 10 to 20 to a site between the Ovcara farm and Grabovo, where they shot and otherwise killed at least 198 men and 2 women. After the killings, the bodies of the victims were buried by bulldozer in a mass grave at the same location.
According to the Indictment, Veselin Sljivancanin was a major in the JNA in command of a military police battalion and also served as the security officer for the Guards Brigade. He was the operation commander for the JNA in the later stages of the siege of Vukovar. Afterwards, Sljivancanin was promoted to the rank of colonel and placed in command of a JA brigade in Podgorica, Montenegro.
Along with Mile Mrksic, Miroslav Radic, and Slavko Dokmanovic, Veselin Sljivancanin was charged on the basis of individual criminal responsibility (Article 7(1) of the Statute of the Tribunal) also, or alternatively, superior criminal responsibility (Article 7(3)) with:
two counts of grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Article 2 – willfully causing great suffering; willful killing), two counts of violations of the laws or customs of war (Article 3 – cruel treatment; murder), and two counts of crimes against humanity (Article 5 – inhumane acts; murder).
Dokmanovic died in custody of the ICTY on 29 June 1998. All proceedings against him were terminated on 15 July 1998.
Mrksic was transferred to the Detention Unit of the ICTY on 15 May 2002. A second amended Indictment for him was filed on 28 August 2002.
Rule 61 proceedings:
In certain instances where the Tribunal has been unable to obtain custody of an accused, it has proceeded under Rule 61 of its Rules of Procedure and Evidence. In proceedings under Rule 61, a full Trial Chamber examines an Indictment and the supporting evidence in public and, if it determines that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused committed any or all of the crimes charged, confirms the indictment and issues an international arrest warrant. The warrant is intended to ensure that the accused will be arrested if he crosses international borders. In addition, the Chamber may certify, upon proof by the Prosecutor, that the failure to service the arrest warrant on the accused was due to the failure or refusal of a State to cooperate with the Tribunal. The President of the Tribunal, in consultation with the Presiding Judges of the Trial Chambers, may then notify the Security Council of such failure or refusal by a State.
A Rule 61 hearing in the Vukovar case was held on 20 and 26-28 March 1996. The Prosecutor provided the Chamber with written evidence and presented the testimony of several witnesses. These witnesses included persons who were in the hospital when it was captured, one person who escaped the alleged mass killing and a soldier of the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) who took part in activities in the area.
On 3 April 1996, the Trial Chamber issued its decision, confirming that there were reasonable grounds for believing that the accused had committed the crimes charged. It further issued international arrest warrants for the accused. Finally, the Chamber held that the failure to execute the warrants of arrest could be ascribed to the refusal of FRY to cooperate with the Tribunal and so certified for the purposes of notifying the Security Council.
On 24 April 1996, the President of the Tribunal reported the refusal of FRY to cooperate with the International Tribunal to the Security Council for the first time.
An initial appearance hearing will be scheduled to enable the accused to enter a plea on the charges contained in the Indictment against him. The date and time of the hearing will be announced in due course.